This thread is for discussion of Pol Pot, Democratic Kampuchea (DK) and the implementation of Pol Pot-ist policies in modern conditions.
Achievements of Pol Pot-ism:
freed Kampuchea from the corrupt American-backed puppet government of Lon Nol
evacuated urban-dwellers into the countryside for both ideological and pragmatic purposes when faced with a crisis of feeding the people
collectivized 95 - 97% of the population with a thousand collective farms across the country
collectivized all land, draught animals and the means of production
stopped using the market and money by 1974
strove for national autarky
created a true post-capitalist classless society
How the collective farms worked:
The results of the collectives were divided equally according to need to families. Part of the production went to the use of the district's guerilla army and part was exchanged through the central organization for goods such as clothing, motor oil and salt. Each collective farm strove for self-sufficiency. The week consisted of ten days, the tenth being reserved for political education. The rest of the days were for work. Consumption as well as production was collectivized, with collective meals being introduced in 1977. There were no wages for work under Kampuchean communism and people received identical clothing through the collective, being given a simple black garment. In some collective farms, men and women were segregated and meetings between men and women were restricted. Extramarital relations were punished severely.
The long-term goal was for a sufficiently developed level of industrialization. There were Chinese and North Korean advisers in the country, but besides that Kampuchea was completely isolated
Treatment of the "New People":
The ideological goal of the Communist Party was of course the creation of classless society (which was achieved in the Super Great Leap Forward), therefore the special features of the three million urban dwellers created by the urban capitalistic economy had to be destroyed. They performed the hardest physical labor, their families were broken up and their housing was of the lowest quality. The elite were now at the bottom of society. The goal was the destruction of the social structures maintained by these classes. By the end of the Pol Pot period these differences had vanished as full communism was achieved, showing the useless of Marxist concepts such as "stages" of communist society.
Under Kampuchean Communist society and the institution of rigid egalitarianism there was no need for formal institutions of education, for the young educated themselves spontaneously in a natural social setting based on the unity of living and working; and there was no place for university educated intellectuals, whose specialized training necessarily created a sharp separation between mental and manual labor incongruous with the new order. Books and libraries were not used, and the educational system was rendered superfluous.
The Kampucean National United Front of National Salvation (KNUFNS) was installed in power by the Vietnamese. It consisted of traitors and revisionist elements, being founded in 1978. Sufficiently effective action against the Vietnamese agents operating in Kampuchea during the Pol Pot years was one flaw of DK. Pol Pot, with prescient knowledge, foresaw such treacherous and underhanded moves by the Vietnamese long ago, as indicated in the Black Paper and past Vietnamese attempts to amalgamate the Kampuchean state into the Vietnamese-controlled Indochina Federation. Pol Pot did not want to sell out the Khmer race to their hereditary enemy, instead hearkening back to the glorious Angkor dynasty of the Kampuchean past.
Pol Pot implemented the world's first communist society, refuting Marxist notions of stages of development. From 1975 to 1979, the principle of "from each according to his ability, to each according to his need" was reality. Communism flourished under the aegis of the Angkar. The experience of Democratic Kampuchea should be an example to us all for the building of socialism as quickly as possible.