p-please check out my pastebin apology I wrote from the safety of my k-keyboard, I’m sorry for my actions, comrades, and it won’t happen again! :^)
Indiscipline lingers, lessons are not learned. The only criticism is a shallow criticism of the self with no consequences for the individuals actions
JIKOJIHAN AND SOUKATSU
Mori’s concept of sōkatsu was actually an uneasy conflation of two established practices within the New Left movement, self-criticism (jikohihan) and the collective evaluation process of sōkatsu. Self-criticism was inherited from the JCP through the student movement and focussed on analysis of past mistakes in the process of self-development. Sōkatsu, on the other hand, was intended as a group practice of open debate, led by the group’s leader, which would produce implications for the next stage of action. Mori’s combination of self-criticism and sōkatsu resulted in a practice whereby members of the group singled out by the leadership committee would face group criticism with the aim of reevaluating their thinking and behaviour, all within the context of the greater goals of the group. The end goal was to enable URA soldiers to overcome their limitations and achieve the communist subjectivity needed for successful revolutionary action.
those subjected to sōkatsu did not know what was expected of them, and, as with Tōyama, the leadership could easily manipulate the process by dismissing any self-criticism offered as missing the point. Furthermore, Mori later introduced physical violence to the mix
Sakaguchi notes that there was concern whether in fact people would lose consciousness, but that Mori maintained that ‘if you hit someone until their face is swollen to two or three times its normal size they’ll pass out’. One after another, members of the group were subject to a process of denunciation, criticism and group violence, which invariably lead to the death of the person being critiqued.
Thee process soon escalated, however. Whatever the reason, it was here that Mori decided that violence needed to be added to the sōkatsu process. Framing this new development in terms of ‘guidance’ (and ‘assistance’ ,Mori decided that the group should beat those subject to sōkatsu into unconsciousness, with the understanding being that when they woke up they would be closer to achieving communist subjectivity. From the night of 26 December 1971 to the 27th, Katō was bound and beaten (including by his two younger brothers, who were also present) but did not pass out. Kojima was also beaten. Although the two offered up a number of confessions, Mori dismissed them as not enough to warrant the cessation of sōkatsu, and the beating continued. When it finally ended, Katō was bound to a post in the cabin. The fact that he did not pass out was taken as evidence that he had not succeeded at sōkatsu, but in clear contradiction to this assessment, Mori subsequently decided that, so as to hasten the onset of unconsciousness, in the future the punches and kicks should be aimed at the body rather than the face. On the 28th, Kojima was suspected of planning escape and also tied up.
Ozaki was pulled from his sleeping bag, beaten and ordered to stand and concentrate on his sōkatsu. He soon collapsed and was tied up. On 31 December, after asking for food, Ozaki was beaten further by the other members of the group who, following Mori’s earlier observation regarding Katō, focussed their punches on Ozaki’s midsection. Ozaki soon died of his injuries.
Ozaki’s death, Mori declared, was a ‘death by defeatism’ (haiboku-shi), which he defined in quasi-scientific terms as intense shock caused by the inability to achieve communist subjectivity (ibid.). Ozaki’s death was therefore his own failing and, by extension, his own responsibil- ity – an appealing rationalisation that absolved of guilt all those who participated in Ozaki’s beating, which explains why it was readily accepted
With the crisis caused by Ozaki’s death resolved, on 1 January 1972, the Red Army’s Shindō Ryūzaburō, whose commitment to the cause was considered weak, and who Mori suspected of wanting to escape, was designated for sōkatsu. After being beaten, Shindō was tied up outside in the freezing cold and soon died. That night Kojima was also found to have died.
Uegaki Yasuhiro volunteered to take on the duty and stabbed Teraoka multiple times with an ice pick. This failed to kill Teraoka, however, and he was eventually strangled to death (Uegaki 2001, p. 312). Soon after Teraoka’s execution, Yamazaki Jun (Red Army) fell under suspicion for not taking an active part and was forced to admit considering escape. Yamazaki was sentenced to death and executed on 20 January.
Result: Physical removal of the insubordinate and collective bonding through correction. The weak drop out