D&C Shills Fuck off

Juan Scott
Juan Scott

Don't let them divide and conquer you!
Some (((anons))) have begun posting anti-Slav memes and posts. These posts are a form of concern trolling. They're trying to undermine NatSoc ideology by claiming that it has deviated too much from Hitler's original ideas.
The Reality
Slavs are just as Aryan as the French and English. After Russia began to be freed from serfdom, famous thinkers, novelists, chess players, and so on emerged from Russia. Russia is a threat to the Jews and that's why the Bolsheviks created the Holodomor to undermine the Slavs.
Slavs are also based and fought against the Muslims. Today, the (((media))) keeps on kvetching about based Putin.
Finally, Hitler never hated Slavs. Groups like the Russian Liberation Army proudly fought for National Socialism.
What to do
1. Remember these guys are not real NatSocs. They're trying to mock us and to make us look contradictory. Sage and ignore.
2. Remember to cultivate a pan-European spirit. Remember that Jews have been funding inter-European wars for centuries. Remember how countries like China rose after they stopped fighting eachother and started fighting against common enemies.
3. Remember that all European humans are currently in the same boat.
4. Remember to support whatever Putin does. The ZOG is against Putin, so what Putin does is always right.

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jpost.com/Middle-East/New-UN-report-reveals-collaboration-between-Israel-and-Syrian-rebels-383926
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businessinsider.com/its-not-too-late-to-empower-the-moderate-rebels-of-syria-2014-10
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telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/syria/10588308/US-secretly-backs-rebels-to-fight-al-Qaeda-in-Syria.html
belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/world-news/how-the-west-bankrolls-isis-millions-from-governments-and-ngos-funding-radical-islamic-terror-group-30438217.html
theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/16/terrifying-rise-of-isis-iraq-executions
dw.de/who-finances-isis/a-17720149
breitbart.com/national-security/2014/07/08/us-backed-moderate-free-syrian-army-factions-join-islamic-state-terror-group/
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independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-stuart-marshall-1490354.html,
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mpib-berlin.mpg.de/en/media/2014/06/viewers-of-pornography-have-a-smaller-reward-system
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Easton Thomas
Easton Thomas

Isaiah 53

Kayden Perez
Kayden Perez

Uses baste unironically
Clearly isn't a real Zig Forums user
Shills for Putin
Remember that Putin and (((Russia))), the successor state to the Khazarian Khaganate, are shilling hard on this board.
Slavs were ruled by the Khazarians and therefore are part-Kike.

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Joseph Williams
Joseph Williams

Khaganate

First of all, the word is 'khanate', and second, the Khazars were never a big enough group to amount to that. They were also western Turks and never would have been Mongolised enough to be part of a khanate. (((Your))) shilling is blatant and Russia did nothing wrong.

Nathaniel Perry
Nathaniel Perry

Pol Slavs: Czechs, Slovaks, Ukrainians, Croats, Slovenes, Bulgarians
Jew Slavs: Russians, Poles, Serbians, Bosniacs

Brandon Fisher
Brandon Fisher

can't be divided, there's on one of me. decimals aren't the whole.

Michael Davis
Michael Davis

Oy vey goyim
Some Slavs collaborated with Hitler, so all Slavs are good
t. Schlomo Ben Cohen
Hitler cultivated only the best of the Slavs and hated most of them. His collaboration with the Slavs through the protectorates he created was ultimately a form of realpolitik. Slavs are not Aryans.
Do not allow yourselves to fall down the slippery slope! If we accept Slavs as White, soon we might have to accept Arabs, Chinks, and eventually Jews as White.
Hitler saw Slavs as untermensch, and we should trust Hitler because Hitler did nothing wrong.
Remember that "Untermensch" referred not to niggers but to white-looking sub-Aryans.

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Nolan Turner
Nolan Turner

Serbians
Bosniacs
>>>Pol

Serbs descend from the Kievan Rus' and early Balkan peoples, and Bosniaks are Turks. Ukrainians are subhumans. They really aren't sending their best here anymore, are they?

Jason Moore
Jason Moore

every group, and thought now has a psyops by the kikes attached to it, and then it also has a psyops by us attacking it, what a weird new time. Long gone are the days of a single believable post!

an age of political, propaganda and psyop warfare has finally come from the streets, to the chan, lel. All of these weird strategies being thrown around. Its almost glorious. But probably confusing for newfags.

Christopher Price
Christopher Price

(((OP)))'s shilling is blatant. He uses red text like a journalist, and he says things that reveal him as a blatant government shill, like:
what Putin does is always right
Russia is a threat to the Jews

Dominic Wilson
Dominic Wilson

Serbs are subhuman bydlo scum, Bosniaks are Slavs. Ukrainians are red pilled, supporters of Hitler and enemies of the Russians, thats good enough.

Parker Green
Parker Green

Oy vey goyim believe in this classification scheme I pulled out of my ass

Kevin Murphy
Kevin Murphy

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Jeremiah Gutierrez
Jeremiah Gutierrez

Hey look! The kikes are kvetching!
This means that we've struck a nerve! They want us to hate our Slav brothers and sisters, and we must not allow that to happen.

Thomas Green
Thomas Green

muh Russians

Take your meds, Hillary.

Carson Brooks
Carson Brooks

the Russian women are less than a walk away from where I sit.

Evan James
Evan James

Russia is one of the most based countries in the world. They have the common sense to protect their birth rates with economic incentives and to ban globohomo from turning their children gay.

Nolan Morales
Nolan Morales

a D&C thread pretending to be anti-D&C. how very imaginative. you really need to consider trying harder.

Aaron Rodriguez
Aaron Rodriguez

Greetings, zoomer. Enjoy your stay.

Owen Perry
Owen Perry

Oy vey goyim!
Not hating on Slavs is somehow divide and conquer goyim!
I don't have any proof at all, but you can trust me goyim!
Baste and kikepilled.

Justin Ross
Justin Ross

Imagine being this bluepilled

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Ryder Brooks
Ryder Brooks

Fuck off pornfag
If only you had a brain more developed than a 7 year old nigger with Downs Syndrome, you would be able to make your point without resorting to posting porn pics.
Agree with sentiment though.

Carson Flores
Carson Flores

its a dutchman thread. russia is the new fracture point, the whole polish german thing was way too obvious and becoming untenable.

Jose Brooks
Jose Brooks

BASED

KIKED
Remember that Putin loves Netanyahu!

Aaron Moore
Aaron Moore

Love you too

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Zachary Rodriguez
Zachary Rodriguez

ישעיהו 53

Noah Sanders
Noah Sanders

Oy vey don't discuss pressing issues
Accept the idea of Pan-European identity, which developed specifically due to the nature of the United States as an immigrant-rich country, without questioning
t. David Bernanke
How about we actually discuss this issue instead of listening to a kike slav shill like this specimen right here?

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Hunter Miller
Hunter Miller

Kike spammer

Bentley Clark
Bentley Clark

इशाया ५३
以赛亚书53
53

Thomas Richardson
Thomas Richardson

FUCK OFF KIKE SHILL
You are trying to make us abandon NatSoc ideology in favour for Amerimutt Pan-Europeanism. This cannot be allowed to happen because it would mean the death of unique European cultures.

Brody Sullivan
Brody Sullivan

动态网自由门 天安門 天安门 法輪功 李洪志 Free Tibet 六四天安門事件 The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 天安門大屠殺 The Tiananmen Square Massacre 反右派鬥爭 The Anti-Rightist Struggle 大躍進政策 The Great Leap Forward 文化大革命 The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution 人權 Human Rights 民運 Democratization 自由 Freedom 獨立 Independence 多黨制 Multi-party system 台灣 臺灣 Taiwan Formosa 中華民國 Republic of China 西藏 土伯特 唐古特 Tibet 達賴喇嘛 Dalai Lama 法輪功 Falun Dafa 新疆維吾爾自治區 The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 諾貝爾和平獎 Nobel Peace Prize 劉暁波 Liu Xiaobo

Noah Thomas
Noah Thomas

Everyone I don't like is a chink shill even if they are talking about something that's got nothing to do with China
Thanks Mr. David Schlomo Ben Baron-Cohen, very cool!

Julian Reed
Julian Reed

you guys know we have ids on this board right how am i a jew?

Eli Rodriguez
Eli Rodriguez

a lot of the things you have said are true. for a european, i guess it is only natural to see the slavs as immigrants. i am really just calling out the dutchman because it illustrates how comped the mods are.

Liam Perez
Liam Perez

THE FAGGOTS SPAMMING "SHITLER KILLED 10 GORILLION WHITES GOY" ARE SLAVS.

THE ANTI-NATIONAL SOCIALIST SHILLS ARE SLAVS

THEY SHITPOST IN ANY THREAD THE FUHRER OR NATIONAL SOCIALISM ARE EVEN MENTIONED IN

THE VAST MAJORITY OF SLAVS ARE NOT WHITE. THEY ARE NOT ARYAN. A SMALL PERCENTAGE ARE OF ETHNICALLY EUROPEAN/ARYAN STOCK. THE REST ARE AS LOW AS NIGGERS AND KIKES

THESE TREACHEROUS RAT FUCKS ENDORSE THE (((MAINSTREAM))) NARRATIVE OF THE HOLOHOAX

SLAVSHITS SHOULD BE BANNED ON SITE AND SHOULD BE PURGED OR SENT TO LABOR CAMPS ON THE DOTR

HEIL HITLER!

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Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson

we
oh shit nigger, it's old Zig Forums

Juan Cook
Juan Cook

here is a rundown for newfags
1. Slavs are defined as Aryans
2. Having your country taken over is ok, but only when it is aryan people doing it.
3. Any attempt to protect your culture is calling for the shoah of aryans.
4. Adolf Hitler was evil.
5. Slavic countries are especially based and something for aryans to aspire to.

Joseph Rogers
Joseph Rogers

Khanates are for both Turkic and Mongolic peoples.
I think that pureblood Turkic peoples are white enough. We need more Jews. They look white anyway and their girls are hot so having the Jewish population triple would stop White genocide.

Andrew Moore
Andrew Moore

4. Adolf Hitler was evil.
Hang yourself.

Christian Rivera
Christian Rivera

Hitler was evil
Nice b8 mate.

Eli Campbell
Eli Campbell

Your actually are responding to the Dutchman.

Mason Foster
Mason Foster

Who is the Dutchman?

Liam Cook
Liam Cook

Along with anti-slav posting there has been lots of anti-christain posting.

I am not christain, I don’t believe it’s an eugenic religion like the pagan religions we used to live by but that is not of important concern at this moment. We are on the endangered list as a race. The only thing that matters is a mutual hatred of those who want us gone.

Once the main threat has been dealt with we can sort out this minor shit amongst ourselves in a civilized manner.

John Martin
John Martin

Some d&c poster I first seen him trying with awful arguments on how germany is bad and that caused ww2 (despite other wise) and use jewish revisionism on history trying to argue lands and using endless circulatory logic (for everybody to see) and trying to create bad blood for other Europeans and using endless emotional arguments and saying national socialism is anti European and more bullshit like that.
How ever asides from the dutchman shills have been getting desperate as of late, don't know what's making them kvetch so hard.

Brandon Green
Brandon Green

trying this hard to fit in

also slavs are inferior to western Europeans like the English, French, Germans, and Padanians. they're still white and on our side but I would disown a daughter if she married a man of slavic descent, it's a step down racially. it's not "muh dee enn see" to point out actual true facts, even if they hurt feefees
don't think khazars left as much of a genetic footprint on Russia as the tatars. lot of Russians have some asiatic blood from them and other ethnic groups from the former russian empire and current russian territory

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Eli Sanchez
Eli Sanchez

Slavs are of Indo-European descent and are ethnic Europeans.

also slavs are inferior to western Europeans like the English, French, Germans, and Padanians
Must be why Western Europeans are vehemently resisting the destruction of their countries, culture, and race. Oh wait… Also, by your own logic several of the Nordic countries are vastly inferior to several of the Slavic ones.

Ryan Watson
Ryan Watson

This.
jews are based and redpilled, anyone arguing against jews is an anti-white shill.

Daniel Carter
Daniel Carter

2. Having your country taken over is ok, but only when it is slavic people doing it.
fixed

Mason Moore
Mason Moore

Bet this will fool the goy.
Jews are not white and never will be.

Ian Roberts
Ian Roberts

If youre going to go by IQ then I can easily make the argument that youd prefer your daughter marry a jew or a chinese. The IQ argument and IQ shills need to sit the fuck down.

Luke Morris
Luke Morris

yes certainly, hapas are the master race after all.

Jayden Rodriguez
Jayden Rodriguez

jews are aryan. don't be anti-white. look at how based israel is.

Kayden Perry
Kayden Perry

They’re Semitic, not Indo-European. Horrible bait.

Thomas Gray
Thomas Gray

Slavs are of Indo-European descent and are ethnic Europeans.
t. slavnigger untermensch

Daniel Bennett
Daniel Bennett

Slavs are of Indo-European descent and are ethnic Europeans.
This is a fact and you failed to refute it. An inability to form a proper argument and attempting to divide ethnic Europeans is very subhuman.

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Eli Davis
Eli Davis

now you're just being antisemantic.

Tyler Lee
Tyler Lee

so slavs are ethnic europeans but jews are not? both migrated to europe in the 3rd century.

Adam Robinson
Adam Robinson

without that change europe will not surive what?

Joseph Morris
Joseph Morris

Kike number 1 Kike number 2 Kike number 3 Samefagging kike Allcaps, all redtext retard

David Hill
David Hill

Oy veh! You dumb Goyim should start killing each other again. That's National Socialism. Pan Europeanism is baaaad! Killing each other is goooooood

Brandon Green
Brandon Green

It's a leftist meme that means "someone who does not hate Slavs"
This desperate torfaggot invented that meme to target me for defending slavs
This is literally a kike.

Ryder Ortiz
Ryder Ortiz

Essentially this literal kike goes around switching IDs, screaming about how Slavs are subhuman, and then lying about anyone who does not follow his lead.
Which I have proven on another thread is actually 90% his own IDs.

Benjamin Myers
Benjamin Myers

Enjoy another pic.

so slavs are ethnic europeans but jews are not?
Slavs are indo-Europeans and the proto-Slavic homeland is generally accepted to be from or around Central Europe. Jews are Semites, non-Aryans from Asia, and are not native to Europe like Slavs are.

Jews think that healthy and beautiful environments are evil. Might have to do with the fact that they’re inbred and genital mutilators.

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Julian Moore
Julian Moore

a tornigger created
It was created with the amount if anti natsoc and anti hitler and endless circulatory logic anons were noticing which caused the same crying dutchman to change tactics each and every time.

Leo Gutierrez
Leo Gutierrez

How ever this is a kike.
Uses a jidf meme.

Ayden Hall
Ayden Hall

flips IDs like a jew flips stocks
It's pretty obvious that you're the same faggot.
Slavs are White. You demonstrated taht you hate National Socialism by arguing otherwise. You are literally a jew and I demonstrated this quite clearly by exposing your desperate ID hopping kvetching.
No normal user above IQ 50 bought your poison you disgusting degenerate.

Owen Hughes
Owen Hughes

Sorry meant for this guy.

Evan Sanchez
Evan Sanchez

I never mentioned in a bad light slavs.
The crying dutchman is a tard who uses reverse physcology and uses "muh land" as a thing against the nsdap (which didn't work and caused him to change tactics.)

Joseph White
Joseph White

Filtered for ID hopping and being a kike
Here is the (((ID hopper)))
Basically, most torposting ITT is just one scared kike

David Reyes
David Reyes

Basically, if you filter the IP hopping kike, the thread improves.
You cannot debate it because it is not interested in the truth. All it cares about is vomiting forth anti-Slavic insanity and convincing everyone that National Socialism is about curbstomping Slavic children.

Jayden Lewis
Jayden Lewis

The torfaggot anti-White
Same shit. DIfferent IDs
Filter and report (not that the mods give a damn about one desperate jew)

Asher Moore
Asher Moore

HAH who cares aBOUT facts and debate ip hopper.
Imagine being this disingenuous.

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Nicholas Smith
Nicholas Smith

What do you mean Im a kike? I'm 100% German (25% Berliner, 25% Turkish-German, 25% Jewish-German, 25% Chinese German)
Dude it was a sarcastic joke of course Kikes aren't white

Lincoln Jackson
Lincoln Jackson

I think that pureblood Turkic peoples are white enough. We need more Jews. They look white anyway and their girls are hot so having the Jewish population triple would stop White genocide.
Oh nevermind. You're a piece of work as well.
You should be gassed but for now I'll filter you.
No sane ideas come from anyone who says shit like that.

Jason Thompson
Jason Thompson

That was an accident user.

Michael Cook
Michael Cook

My fellow Aryans, this degenerate cartoon demonstrates Slavs aren't European.

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Nathaniel Hernandez
Nathaniel Hernandez

Slavs, Hispanics, and Mediterraneans are all 100% white!

Don't listen to (((OP)))

Ayden Thompson
Ayden Thompson

This faggot.

Austin Wood
Austin Wood

See, that's another thing about these anti-slav leftist shills.
They're often accompanied by this ID.
I suspect that they're the same person.
Pushing three equally ridiculous positions at once to make National Socialists look like morons.

Ethan Parker
Ethan Parker

((( )))
You sure like to D&C us

Oliver Brooks
Oliver Brooks

D&C KIKES ARE ABSOLUTE FILTH !!!

Jackson Price
Jackson Price

Oy vey Mediterraneans are white
Moroccans are white
Tunisians are white
Algerians are white
Libyans are white
Egyptians are white
Gazans are white
(((Israelis))) are white
Turks are white
I wonder (((who))) could be behind this post!

Benjamin Hill
Benjamin Hill

Look at this absolutely furious slavshit. You are not white, you're a fucking subhuman. Nigger tier. Your anti-Hitler, anti-National Socialist kvetching will never change this fact.

I bet you thought turkroach Kampfy was white too

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Evan Thompson
Evan Thompson

Jesass Christ the shekel shills really working hard these days

give it up hooknose moneypigs, the goyim are becoming immune to your bullshit

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Parker Brown
Parker Brown

No slavs and celts/Nordics are not the same. These should not interbreed, they should not share land and room either. But they have capacity for friendship and cooperation between them, and there should be friendship and cooperation between us. So to some extent I do agree with you.
But just ignoring the differences in genetics, culture and heritage is a form of pan-europeanism that will further destroy our peoples.

Cooper Thompson
Cooper Thompson

Jews are White; ignore the D&C
Remember that it is oftentimes the Jews whose safety is threatened by mass immigration. Jews like Ben Shapiro, Dennis Prager, Bat Ye'or, and Pamela Geller have been the most vocal voices against mass immigration and have helped break people out of the leftist echo chamber, thereby permitting them to be redpilled.

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Parker Nelson
Parker Nelson

a D&C thread pretending to be anti-D&C
this

Isaiah White
Isaiah White

Ben shapiro
You mean the same retard that thinks.
Nationalism for thee, but not for the goy.
Your not fooling anyone with that shit kike.

Nicholas Myers
Nicholas Myers

um sweetie, who hurt you?

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Ryder Howard
Ryder Howard

88 isfags?

since when?

Cooper Brooks
Cooper Brooks

rapes a straight dude for his Cjink gook masters that get !ad. Calls that dude the hater.

You mad gook?

Jose Johnson
Jose Johnson

Who hurt you
/reddit/index.html
Fuck off.

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Andrew Green
Andrew Green

hops IP to keep talking shit, thinks the intelligence goons don't know that he's a nigger.

Oliver Hernandez
Oliver Hernandez

By all means collect all the id's from here and I can easily prove you wrong with a screencap.

Anthony Peterson
Anthony Peterson

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Carson Richardson
Carson Richardson

What about Southern Italians?

Joshua Hill
Joshua Hill

Ben Shapiro supports nationalism, just not along racial lines. Israel has a form of nationalism that does not discriminate against converts of other races.

Gavin Cook
Gavin Cook

anti-Slavic insanity
curbstomping Slavic children
hahaha that's what i came here for - the dutchman never dissapoints - keep wailing like a gypsy at a jewish funeral :)

Kayden Wilson
Kayden Wilson

Gypsies, Slavs, and Ashkenazi Jews are all White because they are all Caucasoid in their features

Daniel Green
Daniel Green

Oy vey divide goyim hate slavs goyim
Remember that Russian women are hot blondes who want to carry your White genes

Gabriel Howard
Gabriel Howard

jews are White
attempting to associate anyone defending Slavs with semite lovers
Fake and gay
And likely yet another shill tactic by >>13294402
which is the same IP hopping kike

Jose Gomez
Jose Gomez

IP hopping again to say the exact same thing its other IDs say.

Austin Richardson
Austin Richardson

Implying that anyone opposing brother-wars for kikes wants to mix up Europe.

Noah Russell
Noah Russell

fought for National Socialism
fuckin liar
they were all (self) deceived by hitler’s propaganda and (not for long) believed that they would be allowed to live on their land after the destruction of the zhido-communists.
but understood all when hitler forbade EVEN the creation of a united russian army with russian generals.
then they waited for the end of the war, because they had nowhere to go.

Julian Gonzalez
Julian Gonzalez

ps: shekelgruber-hitler est a pidoras same shit as judashwilli-stalin and ulyanov-lenin and bronshtein-trotskiy and shelomov-putin

Isaiah Phillips
Isaiah Phillips

Why bother ? This board is kiked and the mods are doing nothing against it. I wonder where all the users that posted good content went.
It doesn't cost me anything, so I guess i'll post some images anyway.

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Jordan Jenkins
Jordan Jenkins

Oh, and to all the kikes in this thread :
How does it feels to have niggers among your people and ancestors ?

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Joseph King
Joseph King

Probably just like sticking their cirpledicks into some stinking Jew cunt.

William Williams
William Williams

reminder that we are not just about promoting "Aryans" (because Indo-Iranian people also use this term) but specifically NORDIC Aryanism, which Slavs certainly are not.

Nordic Aryanism does not have blonde hair / blue eyes as some kind of absolute requirement, but it certainly excludes these muds from breeding with us.

Justin Foster
Justin Foster

I laugh how any mention of slavs in Zig Forums send anons into fit of retarded rage that any discussion becomes schizo tier.
If you hate slavs, you're anti-white kike. If you deffend slavs, you're anti-natsoc kike. If you even slight say something bad about natsoc or disagree with Hitler, you're a kike.
Kike Kike Kike. Like what the fuck is even the point?
It's like people never read Mein Kampf and skiped entire part of Lebensraum in Russia, Czechs being inferiour, Don't dilude your blood or germanize with Poles etc.
Are anons here genually living in a self made fantasy where NatSoc were white nationalists and didn't believe in germanic nationalism and germanic imperial interests?

What a fucking joke, this is why my faith in Natinal Socialism had long died and now i mostly focus on white/european pan-nationalism/protection that doesn't need any Hitlers pan-germanic faggotry(oh sorry i insulted your prophet, call me a kike now). Seriously, why is this board so obsessed with old ass ideology that was inhent to Germany at it's time? Aesthetic Worship? Lack of inspiring movement? Lack of Faith?

Aiden Lopez
Aiden Lopez

so the new harrisposting is now this low iq d&c slavposting and hapa trolling is now slav trolling. is it because hapaspamming/harrisposting gets you a ban? i guess i've been gone a while.

Leo Perry
Leo Perry

now i mostly focus on white/european pan-nationalism/protection
me too user, i have finally realized the error of my ways. I have recently been looking into josef stalin and his pro-white nationalist ideology and it has really resonated with me.

Ryder Adams
Ryder Adams

Zig Forums is a natsoc board
Sage and filter kike lovers and Slavcucks
Hitler dindu nuffin and even if he had dun sumfin it wuddunabeen wrong

Angel Lewis
Angel Lewis

Oy vey the guy who started the Holodomor was baste
Kiked and Commiepilled

Ethan Brooks
Ethan Brooks

This faggot kike cunt.
Get a real job, bitch.

Blake Watson
Blake Watson

You fail at blending in.

Wyatt Martin
Wyatt Martin

Why are there so many gullible retards on Zig Forums? By this point i don't think it's shilling buy genuine fanatical retardation.
The retarded user was clearly posting in ironic manner of snarky critiquing my white nationalist stance, but you faggot actually believe it.
Christ this board is fucking dead and full of braindead fanatics. Fuck the mods and fuck the anons. I regret returning here.

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Daniel James
Daniel James

slav here
slavs aren't white
there's no such thing as white.

europeans should exist as separate nations and city states. white is EU propaganda.
understand that a lot of slavs aren't white posters are slavs that have an anti-american understanding of pro-

also agree. poles are not slavs. they're more like finnish and take too much hashish.

Asher Morales
Asher Morales

slav here
Skažite čto-to po russkij požalujsta

Easton Adams
Easton Adams

we're the slavest slavs faggot

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Eli Cruz
Eli Cruz

I love turbo folk! Gas the kikes race war now.

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Benjamin Roberts
Benjamin Roberts

This is a paid shill spamming every thread. Report all posts it makes.

Joseph Nelson
Joseph Nelson

Everyone is a kike shill
Give up, White man
All White people will have at least 25% Jewish DNA by 2050. You will be unable to hate us because you will be us.

Dominic Morales
Dominic Morales

lel

Hunter Campbell
Hunter Campbell

have you read lebensdram
Yes and it said something around about farmlands or something like that hitler didn't have plans on exterminating slavs.
I I no longer believe in national socialism
Oh is this poster again.
Okay.
/leftypol/index.html
This is more your board.

Aaron Cox
Aaron Cox

said sometjing stupid
w why your all gullible I am leaving
Okay.

Aiden Torres
Aiden Torres

This faggot spic cunt.
Blow leaves, beanigger.

Alexander Ward
Alexander Ward

It's okay to be Jewish
Open Borders for America
==Gas the goys, race war now={

Chase Jenkins
Chase Jenkins

A million eyes, all unknown to you. All working for your downfall. And more by the day. Tick tock.

Landon Martinez
Landon Martinez

Fanaticism and the type of true National Socialist ardor The Führer spoke so much about is what we need right now, not cowardly faggots such as yourself

HEIL HITLER!

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Elijah Perez
Elijah Perez

OY VEY WE NEED HITLER FELLOW WHITES!

Tyler Smith
Tyler Smith

bump

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Asher Perez
Asher Perez

East-Indians are caucasoids as well. Caucasoid isn't a skin-color, dipshit - it's a skeletal structure that comes with its own physiognomic differences. There was a reason the three designations were made - caucasoid, negroid and mongoloid - and it's not "muh skin color" as lefty faggots like to claim.

Elijah Cruz
Elijah Cruz

Shhhh he will know after reading evola or watch one of rockwell's speeches.

Jason Howard
Jason Howard

Sup 'SHITLER KILLED 10 GORILLION WHITES' slavshit Bolshevik ratfuck

Angel Fisher
Angel Fisher

responding to bait.

Evan Hill
Evan Hill

/thread

Christian Murphy
Christian Murphy

deceived by hitler propaganda!
my proof? Just believe me goy!

Jeremiah Williams
Jeremiah Williams

Putin has been the only dude before Trump fighting against the khazarians

Jayden Cruz
Jayden Cruz

yes the british colonial definition of white includes all caucasoids. the nazi definition of aryan was a bit stricter and was mainly concerned with indo-germanic admixture.

Ryan Reyes
Ryan Reyes

Slavs arent white or european
hey guys slavs are BASED
plz dont exterminate me
t. slav that wants to undermine natsoc with his subhuman nature.
Also, did you forget slavs from 100 years ago are totally different from the ones there are now? Dont forget the jews slaughtered 100million or something slavs and replaced them with mutts, forced inbreeding, indoctrinated them with communism, gay sex cults,etc.
Slavs 100 years ago do NOT exist today, only mixed raced subhumans remain
20% of russia is made up of mutt muslims
Wew lad

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Jonathan Reyes
Jonathan Reyes

paid D&C shill
allowed to post here

Chase Morales
Chase Morales

Slavshit here
Slavs are not übermensch, but are white and should be considered allies. You may not like it, but slavs and some Easterns European nations (like the V4) are actually doing something to stop the sandnigger invasion, orchestrated by the Jews. While we are not as perfect as we could be, they are white enough to be considered allies to the Nordic Germanics.

Sebastian Hill
Sebastian Hill

paid
Its every citizens duty to point out the subhumans before they cultivate in ghettos and demand rights.

we hate sandniggers so we're white
By that logic sandniggers are more based than you because they go after jews.

Benjamin Morgan
Benjamin Morgan

central asiatic hordes are slavs now? okay retard

Nicholas Rivera
Nicholas Rivera

Except sandniggers want to see all non-sandniggers and non-muslims dead, which is why they are a common enemy. This behavior of their is exploited by Jews who use them to invade and destroy white nations.
The Jews intend to use sandniggers to destroy white America and Europe. Even if Slavs are lesser, it makes sense to unite against the common enemy (niggers and yids), who wants to see us all dead and replaced.

Joshua Richardson
Joshua Richardson

I always got along well with slavbros, they don't like to put up with much bullshit same as me. they're alright

Christopher Ramirez
Christopher Ramirez

you're not slavic Mehmet

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Ayden Turner
Ayden Turner

They always have been slavs

b-but its different with those sandnigs cuz the jews use them to undermine white nations just like they do with slavs!!!
we should unite because we both want to see kikes dead
yes, and as soon as the kikes are dead the remaining slavs will be next

Mason Watson
Mason Watson

as soon as the kikes are dead the remaining slavs will be next
are you starting to shvitz?

Isaac Robinson
Isaac Robinson

okay jew

Connor Baker
Connor Baker

as soon as the kikes are dead the remaining slavs will be next
This is how I know you're a shill.
You spend hours each day here spamming non-stop anti-Slav bullshit in a desperate attempt to link the White racial struggle against the jews to a viewpoint that no one actually from Zig Forums holds.
You and your 50 IDs you hop from are the ONLY posts that hate Slavs. Every actual user wants to uplift all White nations.

Bentley Brown
Bentley Brown

50 different IDs
they are all the same person
This is schizopol

Landon Long
Landon Long

This is the same loser from this thread.

Your last shitty antiNatSoc thread is still on the board for fucks sake.

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John Sullivan
John Sullivan

VPNs don't exist and faggot shills don't use them to troll the board
Yep, you're a faggot alright.

Kayden King
Kayden King

In fact,samefag.

This is what you do.
You couldn't get much in the way of actual anti-slavshit response, so now you just do it yourself and then cry about it on your other IP.
The mods are shit, and it seems highly likely at least some of the faggots engaged in this pattern of shilling are mods or aligned with them.

Hudson Sanchez
Hudson Sanchez

The shills actually think that only one person on this board is not anti-White
OP is not me.
Also,
posts a bunch of degenerates and sluts who know as much about National Socialism as the kike who posted them.
Also,
"Whites should work together to defeat ZOG" is anti-NatSoc

Charles Moore
Charles Moore

It really is shameful what they've done to try to prep this place for 2020.

Dylan Fisher
Dylan Fisher

You couldn't get much in the way of actual anti-slavshit response
slavshit
<Outs himself

Luke Martinez
Luke Martinez

not me
Yeah it is.

Jose Richardson
Jose Richardson

Yep, its you alright.

Landon Nguyen
Landon Nguyen

Desperate IP hopping shill
No argument
Spams non-stop anti-Slav bullshit
Filtered for being ab obvious kike

Camden Wilson
Camden Wilson

That's you bro.

Sebastian Garcia
Sebastian Garcia

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David Turner
David Turner

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Matthew Gonzalez
Matthew Gonzalez

And, of course, just like last time, here's the "kill WN/oy vey SHITLER!" spammer.
Just like last thread.

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Alexander Jackson
Alexander Jackson

btw, OP is correct up until the point where he shills for Putin.
Putin neither based nor anti-zionist. He is a collaborationist traitor.

Leo Lopez
Leo Lopez

Yeah bro, replying to the OP out of nowhere. That'll convince everyone its someone else.

… We used to have good shills. People you could shitpost at, who had subtle narratives, but now?
Now all we have is these faggots from /int/ who come in and shit up the board without any moderation inhibition.

8ch.net/log.php?board=pol

Nicholas Long
Nicholas Long

Oh well…. I guess there's not much point in wasting the good shills on a dead board, after all.

Bentley Gutierrez
Bentley Gutierrez

Millions of Whites are suffering from poverty, unemployment, sickness, homelessness, dispair and agony.

They have no where to go, no one to help them as Whites have no one representing them. The State tells them to fuck off because they are White. I see this first hand daily in real life.

You did this White Nationalists/Alt Right

with your larping, Nazi porn, vulgar mentally ill politics and doxing/derailing every attempt by Whites to create something that would work. You are the real enemy of Whites. You created the political climate for this to happen. And you continue to give aid and comfort to our enemies who wish to exterminate us by forever denying our right to self defense.

Jose Sanchez
Jose Sanchez

Speak of the kike and he shall appear.

Jeremiah Fisher
Jeremiah Fisher

Okay. Pasta time then.

Levi Bailey
Levi Bailey

IDENTITY
I often hear members of these 'white nationalism' movements/organizations of the current year +X discussing the concept of 'identity', which I find disagreeable.

Identity IS a factor of what is of import, in actual terms, which is a matter of biology, not of mere internalized self-description, ie 'identity'; this distinction is important, as merely maintaining an identity into the future is not a means via which to maintain, to secure, our people into perpetuity - we are not a mere identity, we are a biological clade of beings, and this material reality is intrinsic to everything about us and our culture, the summation of which being that from whence our collective identity derives.

Henry Scott
Henry Scott

CIVIC NATIONALISM
I can't help but laugh at civic nationalism - its a self-defeating meme.

Look at the US.

We hear civic nationalists talking all about these Constitutional principles that they hold dear.
Freedom of speech. Right to bear arms. Limited government.
Yet these same civic nationalist principles, they claim, demand judgement on the basis of the individual only, not as collectives… Of course, their claims are somewhat suspect, given the men who derived those princples initially were slave owners and created the US as an explicit White ethnostate, but whatever.

The point is, this hyper-individualistic outlook forces them into a cognitive box, limiting the extent of their philosophical-willpower. It does so, in that it forces them to reject judgement in the context of racial groups as a collective, despite races acting as collectives.
For example: Hispanics support gun control (60%+ in favor, 30% against). And hate-speech laws (50%+ in favor, 25% against). And expanded government (70%+ in favor, 20% against). And Hispanics overwhelmingly identify with the left-wing political parties (60%+, increasingly from generation to generation after entry to the country to upwards of 70% by the 2nd generation). AND Hispanics demonstrate an elevated fertility rate relative to White populations in the US (still above replacement levels).

Thus, by upholding civic nationalist principles in judging Hispanics as individuals instead of as a group, many Hispanics would be (and have been) allowed into the country - for example in the amnesty of Ronald Reagan - despite the fact that collectively they do not believe in the principles upon which the nation was founded… Not that they would say as much if attempting to gain entry - deception exists, and civic nationalist arguments as-goes vetting procedures are underwhelming, nevermind the prospect of enforcement of civic values after entry (let alone over generations).

Mason King
Mason King

And this last point about enforcement is important, because evidence suggests that, like most ethnic/racial minorities in the US, Hispanics do not demonstrate a collective belief in the civic principles of the US (certainly not to the proportional degree seen in US Whites), but they DO behave as a collective, supporting left-wing political groups in overwhelming majority. Those promoting civic nationalist ideals do not demonstrate the philosophical-willpower to enforce these civic values, have offered no methodology to alter this condition, and all indications suggest they are bereft of such a method - if they were not, the populations which have been in the US for several generations, exposed to the values of the country and civic nationalists' arguments in that vein, would espouse those positions, but they do not.

While on the subject… Why do Hispanics support left-wing groups? Are they actually more left-wing in political view? Yes, but that's not the whole story - they vote as a collective, and they do so to serve collective interests. Left-wing groups in the US are the groups in favor of serving the left-wing predispositions of Hispanics (hate-speech laws, gun control, expanding government with more programs) as well as increased immigration, which they promote loudly, and increased immigration leads to an increase in population for the respective ethnic/racial minority in question, which in turn leads to an increase in the political power, electorally at the very least, wielded by that ethnic/racial minority. Hence, regardless of their political stance, Hispanics support left-wing groups as a collective to serve collective interest. We see the same sort of behavior on behalf of Blacks and other non-Whites.
In fact, we see the same sort of behavior on behalf of Asians, who also primarily support left-wing groups in the US (50%+, increasing generationally), even though polling of their political views suggest they may not actually be left-wing politically - they're merely acting as a collective in serving their collective interest.

Christian Reyes
Christian Reyes

Left-wing groups are, for whatever reason (ideology, personal desire for power or wealth, etc), very happy to assist in this endeavor, and in fact, the left-wing political party of the modern US is an amalgam of minority groups acting collectively in their own interest despite an absence of shared political belief betwixt the tribes. They are, effectively, a collective composed of collectives, each acting to serve their own interests, and a great deal of their effort is maintained in securing each individual collective's support and avoiding conflict among those groups where their perceived collective interests conflict. Further, these left-wing groups - aided by left-wing political/social organizations (several particularly influential examples bearing an overt Jewish composition or philosophy) - explicitly advocate for, and support the explicit advocacy of, the respective non-White minority collectives, whilst simultaneously doing everything in their power to silence, slander, demonize and deplatform any and all explicit White advocacy groups through accusation of association with 'racism', 'White supremacy', 'Nazism' and/or 'anti-Semitism', amongst others.

That is to say, the left-wing in the US, particularly the influential Jewish wing, advocates against explicit White advocacy. Which is why no such explicit White advocacy organizations exist in the US today which are not so slandered, and certainly none which exhibit institutional power and perceived legitimacy as might be claimed on behalf of other ethnic/racial groups' equivalents (the latter of which often exhibiting a far more seedy character than the former).
Ironically, this seems to form a neat little circle for the left-wing (especially Jewish) actors: by advocating against White advocacy and White advocates using accusations such as 'racism' or 'White supremacy', Jewish left-wing organizations create anti-semitic sentiment in White advocates and White advocacy organizations, which those same left-wing Jewish organizations then utilize to further slander them through accusation of 'anti-semitism' or 'Nazism'!
Its important to note that the left-wing political factions and their accomplice political organizations in the US also employ such accusations in opposition to any efforts to inhibit left-wing political aims at increasing immigration into the US from non-White sources, promoting globalist multiculturalism and miscegenation, and degrading national borders, even national sovereignty.

The left-wing has been so successful in their efforts in this regard, that the US population demographics are beginning to disintegrate. The White population - the only population which demonstrates anything close to majority support for the ideals which civic nationalists claim to hold most dear - is being displaced.

John Price
John Price

What conclusion do we reach from such analysis of circumstance?
We can discern that the civic nationalist position is philosophically-unequipped to combat this hazard, in that their civic nationalist ideals demand they make judgements on strictly individual grounds such as to ignore ethnic/racial behavioral trends. They will thus seek to argue in favor of judging a long line of individuals, as individuals, on principle, who can and will present themselves as sharing a belief in the principles civic nationalists claim to seek to uphold if such is required to gain entry to the country, and who will subsequently act collectively in their own interests once in the US such as to create new demographic conditions within the US that are no longer fertile substrate for the individual - and thereby societal - espousal of civic nationalists' proposed ideals.

tl;dr: Non-Whites don't care about civic duties or virtues, they act as collectives to serve collective interests, and civic nationalists do not have any mechanism at their disposal to change, nor combat, this state of affairs, even as they vehemently protest, on the basis of their civic nationalist principles, White advocates attempting such a feat. These civic nationalists are thus demonstrating that they are operating from an obsolete playbook, attempting to espouse civic nationalist ideals of individualism that were only able to be maintained in homogenous White nations bereft of competition from myriad non-White collectives (each serving their own interests), and yet, despite this failure, demonstrable throughout electoral politics in the US (and the West overall) over the last 30+ years, civic nationalists continue to suggest the old playbook is valid. The conclusion is thus that, if civic nationalists are allowed to attempt to carry out their proposed policies in the US, there will cease to exist a substrate for civic nationalists' beloved Constitutional principles and these principles will cease to exist in application in the US. Self-defeating meme.

Jason Williams
Jason Williams

Finally, I'd like to sink one last nail into the coffin of civic nationalists' hyper-individualistic ideals, specifically surrounding the conceptual notion of individual judgements in the context of immigration.
Regression to the mean.
This is a well-documented phenomenon in population genetics whereby the offspring of outliers within a population tend to gradually 'shift' toward a state more in-line with the average of their ethnic/racial group. The result is that judgement of individuals is an entirely static exercise.
Typically, those promoting such a methodology of selection will dictate a set of standards which are non-biological in origin, but which effectively act to indirectly ensure that only the outliers amongst non-White ethnic/racial groups will be able to gain entry. Of course, this is innately faulty in practice, in that the individual's offspring are not necessarily going to espouse the traits which meet those standards, particularly if the individual being judged initially was an outlier amongst their kind, which will be the case by-requisite as regards non-White ethnic/racial groups, yet those offspring will be granted voting privileges if born within the US.

Professed ideals of civic nationalism require a substrate of individuals who believe in those ideals in order for those ideals to be espoused in society, and non-Whites do not represent such a substrate, such that demographic replacement of White populations by non-White populations eliminates such substrate, resulting in a cessation of populational espousal of those values at the individual, and thus societal, levels.

Hunter Mitchell
Hunter Mitchell

AMERICAN IMMIGRATION
The US citizenry was 99% white before the slaves were freed- even after that it remained about 90% white until the 1965 immigration act.
This warrants addressing.

The United States was 80-90% White until the 1980s, which was a direct consequence of the Hart-Cellar Act of 1965. Its important to note that the people in the 1960's WOULD NOT have supported that legislation - and they weren't given a choice. But if they were, if there had been a referendum, they would have voted it down, doubly so if they knew what the US would look like today as a result.

And that's the real kicker: The people who pushed through the Hart-Cellar act EXPLICITLY stated that none of these things - demographic displacement most of all - would happen. They said it explicitly, "This will not happen". They said that if you said it WOULD happen, you were just doing that because you are a racist.

Take it from LBJ, in Jew York City, 1965.

Gavin Johnson
Gavin Johnson

"Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Ambassador Goldberg, distinguished members of the leadership of the Congress, distinguished Governors and Mayors, my fellow countrymen.

… This bill that we will sign today is not a revolutionary bill, it does not effect the lives of millions, it will not reshape the structure of our daily lives or really add importantly to either our wealth or our power.
Yet it is still one of the most important acts of this Congress, and of this Administration, for it does repair a very deep and painful flaw in the fabric of American justice. It corrects a cruel and enduring flaw in the conduct of the American nation.

… And this measure that we will sign today will really make us truer to ourselves, both as a country and as a people.
It will strengthen us in a hundred unseen ways.

… In the final days of consideration, this bill had no finer champion than the present Attorny General, Nicholas Katzenbach, who with New York's own Emmanuel Cellar, and Senator Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts, and Congressman Feighan of Ohio, and Senator Mansfield and Senator Dirksen constituting the leadership of the Senate, and Senator Javitz, helped to guide this bill to passage…

… This bill says simply, that from this day forth, those wishing to immigrate to America shall be admitted based on their skills and their close relationships to those already here. This is a simple test, and it is a fair test.

Those who can contribute most to this country, to its growth, to its strength, to its spirit, will be the first to be admitted to this land. The fairness of this standard is so self-evident that we may well wonder that it has not always been applied. Yet the fact is that for over four decades the immigration policy of the United States has been twisted and has been distorted by the harsh injustice of the national origins quota system.

Cooper Baker
Cooper Baker

Under that system the ability of new immigrants to come to America depended upon the country of their birth. Only 3 countries were allowed to supply 70 percent of all the immigrants. Families were kept apart because a husband or a wife or a child had been born in the wrong place. Men of needed skill and talent were denied entrance because they came from southern or eastern Europe or from one of the developing continents.

This system violated the basic principle of American democracy–the principle that values and rewards each man on the basis of his merit as a man.
It has been un-American in the highest sense, because it has been untrue to the faith that brought thousands to these shores even before we were a country.

Today, with my signature, this system is abolished.
We can now believe that it will never again shadow the gate to the American Nation with the twin barriers of prejudice and privilege.

Our beautiful America was built by a nation of strangers.
From a hundred different places or more they have poured forth into an empty land, joining and blending in one mighty and irresistible tide.
The land flourished because it was fed from so many sources–because it was nourished by so many cultures and traditions and peoples.

And from this experience, almost unique in the history of nations, has come America's attitude toward the rest of the world. We, because of what we are, feel safer and stronger in a world as varied as the people who make it up–a world where no country rules another and all countries can deal with the basic problems of human dignity and deal with those problems in their own way.
Now, under the monument which has welcomed so many to our shores, the American Nation returns to the finest of its traditions today.

Asher Roberts
Asher Roberts

The days of unlimited immigration are past.
But those who do come will come because of what they are, and not because of the land from which they sprung.

When the earliest settlers poured into a wild continent there was no one to ask them where they came from. The only question was: Were they sturdy enough to make the journey, were they strong enough to clear the land, were they enduring enough to make a home for freedom, and were they brave enough to die for liberty if it became necessary to do so?
And so it has been through all the great and testing moments of American history.

Our history this year we see in Viet-Nam. Men there are dying–men named Fernandez and Zajac and Zelinko and Mariano and McCormick.

Neither the enemy who killed them nor the people whose independence they have fought to save ever asked them where they or their parents came from. They were all Americans. It was for free men and for America that they gave their all, they gave their lives and selves.

By eliminating that same question as a test for immigration the Congress proves ourselves worthy of those men and worthy of our own traditions as a Nation."
youtube.com/watch?v=7HMEBLRt6iI

Daniel Parker
Daniel Parker

… Funny how the President forgets to mention that there WERE laws restricting immigration to the US even before it was a country, and that after it WAS a country, one of the first things they did was state that only 'free White people of upstanding moral character' could become citizens. But I digress…

Now, post-1980's, after the consequences of those policies began to be felt, the response has changed. Now, when its pointed out that all these things HAVE HAPPENED, ARE HAPPENING, the answer now is, "Well, if you CARE, you're a racist".

Its also worth noting that American values prior to 1965 were very ethnocentric - Whites didn't espouse a mentality of opening their country to the world in majority. But effectively, that culture was changed with the 1965 act, and in the 2 decades that followed before serious effect was felt, great effort was put into arguing that this new state of affairs was American values as they'd always been.
Now, whenever someone attempts to levy opposition to demographic displacement - the same sort of opposition which was offered, and would have been offered more greatly with foresight, by White Americans - its thrown in their face that these new values are America's values.

Basically, we were lied to, and when you try to call someone out on the lie, they call you a racist and tell you those lies are America's values and always have been.

Jeremiah Diaz
Jeremiah Diaz

… In case you were wondering, the 'ambassador' that LBJ mentioned?
This is a reference to Arthur Goldberg, Chicago-born Jewish US Ambassador the UN. From the WikiJew:
During World War II, Goldberg served in an espionage group operated by the Office of Strategic Services, the precursor to the CIA,[4] serving as chief of the Labor Desk, an autonomous division of the American intelligence agency that was charged with the task of cultivating contacts and networks within the European underground labor movement during World War II. The Jewish Telegraphic Agency stated, 'Goldberg's file notes that as both a civilian and a member of the Army, he supervised a section in the Secret Intelligence Branch of OSS to maintain contact with labor groups and organizations regarded as potential resistance elements in enemy-occupied and enemy countries. He organized anti-Nazi European transportation workers into an extensive intelligence network.'

Under Kennedy, Golberg served as Secretary of Labor and later as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

In 1967, Goldberg was a key drafter of Resolution 242, which followed the 1967 Six-Day War between Israel and the Arab states. While interpretation of that resolution has subsequently become controversial, Goldberg was very clear that the resolution does not obligate Israel to withdraw from all of the captured territories.
Goldberg's role as the UN ambassador during the Six-Day War may have been the reason why Sirhan Sirhan, the assassin of Robert F. Kennedy, also wanted to assassinate Goldberg.

Goldberg was a member of the Council on Foreign relations in the early 60's, and then again from 1966 to 1989, and served as the President of the American Jewish Committee.

Nolan Bennett
Nolan Bennett

Free Speech and The Inquisitorial vs Adversarial Paradigm

Free speech is often promoted in these circles as a principle, but I would posit that may be a mistake.
In the context of a normative, racinated, healthy, cohesive society? Sure! I'm all for it.
… But we don't have that. Not at all.

So let's consider what free speech actually does.
For that purpose, I'm going to utilize the paradigm of inquisitorial vs adversarial, as seen in judicial governance in Europe and the US (respectively).
To spoonfeed a bit, its basically like this: The adversarial position generates a truth-outcome via competition between two parties (in coordination with the evidence at hand) before a third party, while the inquisitorial position generates a truth-outcome via investigation and analysis of evidentiary data on behalf of a third party.

These are likewise the two positions as regards speech, or at least, these are two positions.

Aaron Allen
Aaron Allen

Consider free speech in the context of an adversarial paradigm.
The consequential outcome of such a position is that truth-outcomes are heavily dependent upon presentation, that is, the evidence may well become irrelevant in the face of charisma and/or persuasive speech.
This position is considered beneficial in many cases, in that the authoritative body (state government in most cases) is restricted from inhibiting the speech of citizens… However, as a consequence of that position, "truth" is dictated not by evidence necessarily, but by the capacity of the presenter to espouse a charismatic or persuasive case. In other words, while it does ensure that the authoritative body cannot silence dissenters of a beneficial nature (assuming a corrupt authoritative body), it also cannot silence subversives of a malevolent or harmful nature (assuming a charismatic/persuasive actor).
Effectively, this position espouses a stance of hesitancy to accept the authoritative body, whatever it may be, as anything but corrupt, and thus untrustworthy to dictate "truth" and instead imposing that responsibility upon the masses themselves (a dubious prospect, given the masses are easily swayed by pleasant falsehoods even when confronted with enormous amounts of evidence disproving such falsehoods), and likewise espouses a stance of belief in the idea that "truth will out", despite the fact that, as evidence by our current status, this simply is not the case, particularly within such a paradigm. That is, "truth will out" is an obvious falsehood wherein the "truth" is dictated by what the masses can be convinced is reality and the capacity of those actors attempting to sway the masses (often irrelevant of evidence).

Joshua Young
Joshua Young

On the other hand, consider free speech in the context of an inquisitorial paradigm.
The consequential outcome of such a position is that the truth-outcomes are heavily dependent upon evidence and the third party, that is, the evidence takes a greater priority than the capacity of those presenting it to be persuasive/charismatic, however that evidence, or portions thereof, can become irrelevant in the face of a biased or ideologically-motivated third party which refuses to acknowledge it.
This position is considered hazardous in many cases, in that, even assuming a position wherein the authoritative body is assumed to be ideal, the authoritative body is not restricted from inhibiting the speech of citizens, though, in an ideal scenario, the authoritative body's aim in application of restriction is oriented around the benefit or harm represented to the masses, which under ideal circumstances are not a deracinated and miscegenated mess, but a cohesive collective with a largely-shared identity and ideal/vision… However, as we know, the ideal conditions are not presently extant in our lands, as the authoritative body is anything but unbiased, nigh-universally acting in-league with hostile external factors whose interests directly conflict with the genuine interests of the masses, and thus as a consequence of this position it often becomes the case that "truth" is dictated by those who espouse an ideologically-motivated bias against acknowledgement of unpleasant or ideologically-unsupported "truth" and thereby any evidence supportive of such. In other words, while it does not represent significant hazard where the third-party authoritative body is acting in-line with the ideal conditions for such a body, where such conditions are absent there is the potential for significant hazard.
Effectively, this position espouses a stance of willingness to accept the authoritative body, whatever it may be, as anything but corrupt, and thus trustworthy to dictate "truth" and thus witholding that responsibility from the masses in that the authoritative body decides what the "truth" is, ideally in terms prioritizing potential hazard to the masses as the consequence of pleasant falsehoods being levied (such as in the case of Communist subversives), and restricts speech on those grounds (a dubious prospect given the potential for willful refusal to acknowledge evidence as motivated by ideology or self-interest, as in the case of most modern Western state-governing authoritative bodies). Likewise, this position espouses a stance that "truth will out" is a falsehood, as the consequence of acknowledgement and prioritization of the fact that, as evidenced by our current status, this simply is not the case, particularly in such a paradigm; that is, "truth will out" is an obvious falsehood wherein the "truth" is dictated by what the masses can be conviced is reality and the capacity of those actors attempting to sway the masses, and the assumption from this stance is then made that, given this condition, it is requisite that the authoritative body, assumed to be trustworthy, dictate "truth" and impose upon those attempting to levy "untruth", for example such pleasant falsehoods as promoted by Communist subversives and proponents of the race realism-associated "socio-economic excuse" cope, upon the masses, to their detriment.

Jeremiah Johnson
Jeremiah Johnson

I'm not really sure what position to take in this context.

From what I can put together, it seems that the ideal scenario of the inquisitorial position is the more preferable, wherein the authoritative body CAN be viewed as trustworthy to dictate truth in this regard; however this scenario has historically resulted in corruption and malfeasance on behalf of the authoritative body up to and including the attempt to silence those speaking righteously against the body on the basis of corruption in the form of restriction of speech for purposes other than the well-being of the populace (for example self-interest) or imposition consequential of somehow embracing a falsehood (for example many Western nations wherein ideologically-motivated individuals will act to promote political policies which, while seemingly beneficial in the context of the assumed falsehood, are actually detrimental thereto), thus arguably justifying the adversarial positions implementation, which merely takes the authoritative body (assumed to be inevitably prone to such corruptions) out of the equation and places the individual (oft bereft of knowledge, context or capacity as to effectively judge "truth") as the priority dictator of "truth" derivative from the argumentation of actors (of {both knowingly and unknowingly} righteous or malicious intent) whose charisma and persuasiveness can easily overcome any amount of evidence acting contrary to their claims/propositions.

Nathaniel Lewis
Nathaniel Lewis

My only real conclusion after all this is that the adversarial and inquisitorial systems suss out thusly:
An adversarial system will invariably lead to falsehoods being accepted as "truth" to a widespread, even ubiquitous degree, as the masses are largely incapable of discerning between pleasant or comforting falsehood and unpleasant or discomforting realities, and will thus tend to prefer pleasant falsehoods and seek to embrace such where there is not some force or factor forcing immediate reckoning and will continue to do so until such factor emerges as to force such reckoning, and even then they will often cling to falsehood if such continues to offer comfort or security in the face of reality.
The inquisitorial system thus appears preferable to me, albeit with the understanding that this system is functional where, and only where, a condition as-near to the ideal as possible is itself possible; that is, wherein there is little in the way of corruption on behalf of the authoritative body in terms of unjustified silencing of dissent, that is, silencing of speech for (knowingly or unknowingly) a purpose other than the benefit of the people or towards an outcome (knowingly or unknowingly) that is to their detriment, such that the body in question can be relied upon to dictate "truth" and act accordingly with regard to silencing speech.

Bereft of a mechanism to ensure such, bereft of a trustworthy authoritative body, an inquisitorial position as regards freedom of speech appears prone to extreme hazard; however, by the same token, complete removal of the authoritative body, associated with imposition of the requisite "truth" judgements upon the masses, creates conditions wherein hostile charismatic/persuasive subversives are extremely well-situated in terms of efforts to promote pleasant or comforting falsehoods as "truth" to the masses, even in the face of evidentiary data disproving such falsehoods.
IMHO, the adversarial position is one of inevitable downfall as the consequence of the mechanism via which "truth" is dictated, whereas the inquisitorial position is one of theoretically long-term perpetuation in the context of an authoritative body that has a vested and insurmountable interest in the well-being of the masses.

Adam Cruz
Adam Cruz

Enemy of our enemy is our friend!
Jews hate muslims! I guess that means Jews are our friends!
t. 80IQ nigger

Eli Young
Eli Young

Look, if we can get this space travel stuff off the ground, none of this will really matter. We can each go our seperate ways, and while there will certainly be conflict, with any luck we can arrange it on a larger scale such that we're not in such direct conflict: the people who want to embrace miscegenation, the people who want to accept homosexuality and gender dysphoria as just another avenue of behavior; the people who want to far-left political agendas, they can go their own way, and the people who want to discard miscegenation, the people who want to maintain traditional gender norms, the people who want to embrace far-right political agendas, they can go theirs.
There is no need for us to be in conflict at this time, only our proximity generates these conflicts, which are almost-exclusively derived from conflicts of interest that would be drastically reduced in intensity if we did not share proximity with one another.
There are already many countries on Earth that hold variable opinions, and rather than first world citizens seeking to espouse a state that demands radical cultural and socio-economic change of their homelands to achieve, should, IMHO, travel afield and pursue the introduction of diversity into developing countries around the globe to try to alter conditions in a rapid sense such that people no longer need to rapidly move about, no longer need to leave their ancestral homelands to seek a 'better life' somewhere half-a-world away. You can be sure most of the Americans who came as immigrants in the 20th century did not wish to leave their homelands - they did so out of perceived necessity, as many do today.

Mason Gutierrez
Mason Gutierrez

This cycle of movement coupled with resultant conflict has repeated itself many times before, and always with historically tragic consequences for all involved. We can break that cycle NOW if we have the courage to do so, and humanity degenerating into a morass of deracinated, demoralized, alienated, atomized, hyper-individualized narcissists addicted to social media and other banalities is not the means via which to do so - in fact, if one looks at the data, it suggests that we are nearing the end of a cycle, and that a cataclysmic social change is imminent, and that this state of deracination-demoralization-alienation-atomized-selfishness is indicative of the end of a world power's lifespan.
When one peruses the data further, as did one Sir John Bagot Glubb in his 1978 work "The Fate of Empires and Search for Survival", it appears that we are nearing the on-average 250-year reign of an Empire, and the resultant implication is that the American Empire - which will turn 250 in 2026 - is on its final legs.

I don't know if we can do anything about it at this point. Its entirely possible that we are out of time, and that, due to our advanced technology, the consequences of the resultant conflicts may prove our efforts a mere blemish upon the face of the conceptual Great Galactic Filter for some other species to consider in the midst of their own - more successful, by virtue of being on a world wherein evidence of such previous efforts exists - forays into the Unknown.
I am, however, a man of Science, and thus, a Man of Hope. We must endure. I pray that we can come to comparatively peaceable terms, but if those of certain predispositions will not even consider the desires of those with conflicting predispositions, the one's establishment of ideal vision forcing the abolishment of the other's, I can see no alternative.

Parker Baker
Parker Baker

THE NUREMBERG LAWS MADE EASY
Were any of your grandparents a jew?
No? Then you're a European and not a jew.
Europeans belong to the European blood and People's-community.
Europeans can become citizens of the Reich.

Yes?
How many?
One? Then you're a mischling 2nd grade (M2) or quarter-jew (25%).
M2's belong to the European People's-community.
M2's can become citizens of the Reich.
You may marry Europeans.
With authoritzation, you may marry M1's.
You may not marry jews or other M2's.

Two? Then you're a mischling 1st grade (M1) or half-jew (50%).
M1's belong to the European People's-community.
M1's can become citizens of the Reich.
You may marry jews or other M1's.
With authorization, you may marry M2's or Europeans.
Were you…
Born from extramarital intercourse w/ a jew and born outside marriage?
Are you a member of the jewish religious community?
Are you married to a jew?
Was one of your parents a jew and the other a European?
No? Nevermind then.
Yes? Then you're a jew.

More? Then you're a jew.
Jews belong to the Jewish blood and People's-community.
Jews cannot become citizens of the Reich.
You may marry jews and M1's.
You may not marry M2's or Europeans.

Easton Wilson
Easton Wilson

Hurr Durr Muh IQ!
All analytical methodologies applied to cognitive capacity have turned out data which is approximately in line with the outcomes of IQ testing.
IQ should not be viewed as anything but a measurement of certain cognitive traits which, where extant to enough of a degree in enough of the population, dictates the complexity and scale of civilizational output - below a certain threshhold of espousal in the population of these traits at the requisite intensity, advancement will not proceed beyond comparatively-primitive contexts.

Kayden Cox
Kayden Cox

I thought on this the other night, when presented with an especially-horrifying - in both content and concept - japanese hentai. The concept, basically, was one I'm sure perverts (hentai means pervert) are familiar with: a noble fantasy kingdom, espousing beautiful women in positions of valor (a silly thing, granted), which falls under the sway of some dark force - in this case, a hyper-masculine force of invaders - and subsequently takes to ravishing the women of the kingdom in various humiliating, depraved ways, typically involving all manner of obscene rape fetishism leading into the women being 'mind broken' to the point of enjoying the rape and in fact becoming enormous sluts who crave only to be abused. Really sick shit.
In this case, involving - amongst other things - female warriors being gang-raped by monstrous beasts reminiscent of niggers, a high-priestess being raped by the equivalent of the pope, another female knight being raped by her father-in-law whilst her husband is forced to observe, the gang-rape by the menfolk of their own kingdom of all the women characters, and culminating in the leader of the church - a woman espousing the physical earthly embodiment of a litearal goddess - being gang-raped by her own faithful, becoming 'mind broken', and declaring the kingdom one of 'service'.
I should clarifying that, while there may be some base physical arousal associated with the sounds and sights of such things, the conceptual stimuli of it was over-bearingly disgusting and foul, and I believe that was why it was directed to my attention as it was.

As I beheld this, I had a sort of horrifying epiphany, and I'm going to try to elaborate upon it here and now.

The Japanese are presently a (spiritually) dead people.

John Diaz
John Diaz

The composition of Man is threefold: Body, Mind and Spirit.
Take the American Injuns aka Featherniggers. They were, arguably, never truly active in the sphere of the Mind (suggesting they may not truly be 'Men', but besides the point at present), but they were active in both Body and Spirit. They are now a dead people. How?
Bereft of the sphere of the Mind, when laid against those who were not so bereft, and equally - if not more - active in the spheres of Body and Spirit, they were first defeated militarily and then utterly demoralized in the totality of their defeat. Thus, their Spirit was broken.
Then, they were systematically eliminated via demographic reorientation. Thus, they were broken of Body.
They ceased to be a meaningfully extant people, if they could ever be called such to begin with.

The Japanese are in a similar state, albeit the task is incomplete as compared to above.
The conceptual depravity of this piece of media was above and beyond anything I had ever witnessed, and I realized with sickening clarity that it is because of the broken state of the Japanese that they are able to produce such utterly filth.
They too were militarily defeated. Effectively, the culmination of that fetishistic exploration described above was enacted upon the Japanese - their Emperor, viewed as the physical Earthly embodiment of their God, a central core of their faith and the Spirit which derived therefrom, was grounded and forced to declare himself nothing but a mortal, and a defeated one at that. Perhaps not as sexual, but equally demoralizing, equally toxic to Spirit.

Logan Cook
Logan Cook

Unlike the Injuns, the Japanese were active in the sphere of Mind, extremely so, and, bereft of Spirit to gird them against what was to come, they were in turn broken in the sphere of the Mind through the indoctrinatory consequences of defeat and conceptual state of their existence as a conquered people ruled from afar by the Outsiders who'd ground their God into the dirt and forced a whole new cultural perspective upon them at the point of a blade. At this point, they are so deep into that process, that they have internalized it entirely; such that, for many Japanese, there is no remnant remaining within them of what the sphere of Mind activity once was, even less in terms of Spirit.
Just as they no longer espouse capacity for the faith (and thus Spirit) they once espoused, they no longer espouse the capacity for the thought (and thus Mind) they once espouesd: all that is left is lifeless, cold reason, without any sign of the merits of nobility or virtue
Perhaps not as sexual, again, but equally crushing, equally Mind-broken.

And even now, the vultures circle in for the final stage of the process.
Soon, if they do not find some way to break free in AT LEAST one of the two spheres in which they are no longer active, they too will find themselves subjected to the destruction in totality, to the breaking of their activity in the sphere of Body, to their demographic demise.

Parker Myers
Parker Myers

I urge you, Western Civilization, to look upon yourself through the same lens.
For perhaps your - our - fate is even worse, for we were not allowed to simply die, but became something terrible instead.
Outsiders came and we were thrown upon each other by the seed they planted.
By the hands of our people were their Gods crushed into the dirt, by our own hands was our Spirit broken, replaced by a sickly, foul, false replacement which did not suffice in any respect, did not espouse the merits of virtue or nobility, but only acted as a macabre mechanism to keep us active.
We became a dead people, but we did not die - we lived on, a monster spreading out sickness across the globe. We became a zombie people.

In this zombified state have we lived on for a thousand years, leaving a trail of poison of the Spirit and Mind, and sometimes even Body, in our wake.
We have served the Outsiders, these (((Masters))) of the memetic pathogen which we spread, quite well.

As with the Japanese, once our Spirit was broken, our Mind lay bear; and lo, they did feast upon it.
Now, we are a horrible thing to behold, a disjointed, dysfunctional, rabid, downright insane force upon the world, killing with one hand as we pathetically fumble toward peace (in the face of destruction) with the other, calling for our own rape out one side of our mouths and screaming at the horrors of 'patriarchy' out the other, screaming of our greatness one moment and crying at our imminent demise the next.
Like rabid wolves, we bring our cognitive sickness along as well, spreading it everywhere, even as our Spiritual toxins leech away the defenses of those we encounter.

Cameron Turner
Cameron Turner

And now the whole of the world is foaming at the mouth, all eyes focused on us, hungry to unleash upon our Mind-broken, Spiritually-hollowed corpse-body all the horrors we have unleashed upon them, all the sickening things we have implanted in their thoughts (often more complex and terrible because of exposure to us, worse now than these others could have possibly discerned of their own volition).
And now, just as happened to the Injuns, just as is happening to the Japanese (we are perhaps even further along than they), they are coming for our Body.

The only way out that I can see is to rekindle the Spirit, but I have no idea how to go about doing so in the face of what exists - it is like trying to restart a fire after someone has taken said fire, placed it in a wet burlap sack full of piss and shit and maggots, shaken it up, dumped several buckets of water into the bag, then tossed the bag into the sea for a day.
I see our recovery as that (((someone))) laughingly tossing the contents of the bag before us, along with a few matches, knowing that should we fail to relight it before Darkness falls, we shall be utterly consumed by the Long Night.

Eli Rogers
Eli Rogers

White Alone - White Alone, Not Hispanic = % White Alone, Hispanic
White Alone, Hispanic / Hispanic = % of Hispanic which is 'White'
White Alone, Not Hispanic / White = % of 'White' which is Actually White

CALIFORNIA
census.gov/quickfacts/CA
White Alone: 72.7%
Hispanic: 38.9%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 37.7%

72.7 - 37.7 = 35% 'White Hispanic'
35 / 38.9 = 90% of Hispanic is 'White'

LOS ANGELES COUNTY - 2nd Largest US City
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/losangelescountycalifornia/PST045216
White Alone: 71%
Hispanic: 48.5%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 26.5%

71 - 26.5 = 44.5% 'White Hispanic'
44.5 / 48.5 = 91.7% of Hispanic is 'White'

SAN DIEGO COUNTY - 8th Largest US City
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/sandiegocountycalifornia,CA/PST045216
White Alone: 75.9%
Hispanic: 33.5%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 46%

75.9 - 46 = 29.9% 'White Hispanic'
29.9 / 33.5 = 89.3% of Hispanic is 'White'

SAN FRANCISCO COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/sanfranciscocountycalifornia/INC110216
White Alone: 53.5%
Hispanic: 15.2%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 40.9%

53.5 - 40.9 = 12.6% 'White Hispanic'
12.6 / 15.2 = 82.3% of Hispanic is 'White'

Lucas Hall
Lucas Hall

NEW YORK
census.gov/quickfacts/NY
White Alone: 69.9%
Hispanic: 19%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 55.8%

69.5 - 55.8 = 13.7% 'White Hispanic'
13.7 / 19 = 72% of Hispanic is 'White'

NEW YORK CITY - Each City borough is also State county.
Manhattan - New York County.
Bronx - Bronx County.
Brooklyn - Kings County.
Queens - Queens County.
Staten Island - Richmond County.

NEW YORK COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/newyorkcountymanhattanboroughnewyork/INC110216
White Alone: 64.6%
Hispanic: 26%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 46.9%

64.6 - 46.9 = 17.7% 'White Hispanic'
17.7 / 26 = 68.1% of Hispanic is 'White'

BRONX COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/bronxcountybronxboroughnewyork/INC110216
White Alone: 44.9%
Hispanic: 56%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 9.2%

44.9 - 9.2 = 35.7% 'White Hispanic'
35.7 / 56 = 63.8% of Hispanic is 'White'

KINGS COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/kingscountybrooklynboroughnewyork/INC110216
White Alone: 49.2%
Hispanic: 19.2%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 36%

49.2 - 36 = 13.2% 'White Hispanic'
13.2 / 19.2 = 68.8% of Hispanic is 'White'

QUEENS COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/queenscountyqueensboroughnewyork/INC110216
White Alone: 48.2%
Hispanic: 28%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 25.3%

48.2 - 25.3 = 22.9% 'White Hispanic'
22.9 / 28 = 81.8% of Hispanic is 'White'

RICHMOND COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/richmondcountystatenislandboroughnewyork/INC110216
White Alone: 76.6%
Hispanic: 18.4%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 61.8%

76.6 - 61.8 = 14.85 'White Hispanic'
14.8 / 18.4 = 80.4% of Hispanic is 'White'

Henry Nelson
Henry Nelson

CHICAGO ILLINOIS - 3rd Largest US City
COOK COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/cookcountyillinois/PST120216
White Alone: 65.6%
Hispanic: 25.3%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 42.4%

65.6 - 42.4 = 23.2% 'White Hispanic'
23.2 / 25.3 = 91.7% of Hispanic is 'White'

HOUSTON TEXAS - 4th Largest US City
HOUSTON COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/houstoncountytexas/PST045217
White Alone: 71.9%
Hispanic: 10.7%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 62.3%

71.9 - 62.3 = 9.6% 'White Hispanic'
9.6 / 10.7 = 90% of Hispanic is 'White'

PHOENIX ARIZONA - 5th Largest US City
MARICOPA COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/maricopacountyarizona/PST045216
White Alone: 83.7%
Hispanic: 30.7%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 56.1%

83.7 - 56.1 = 27.6% 'White Hispanic'
27.6 / 30.7 = 90% of Hispanic is 'White'

PHILADELPHIA PA - 6th Largest US City
PHILADELPHIA COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/philadelphiacountypennsylvania/PST045216
White Alone: 44.8%
Hispanic: 14.4%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 34.9%

44.8 - 34.9 = 9.9% 'White Hispanic'
9.9 / 14.4 = 69% of Hispanic is 'White'

SAN ANTONIO TEXAS - 7th Largest US City
BEXAR COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/bexarcountytexas/LND110210
White Alone: 84.8%
Hispanic: 59.9%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 28.2%

84.8 - 28.2 = 56.6% 'White Hispanic'
56.6 / 59.9 = 94.5% of Hispanic is 'White'

DALLAS TEXAS - 9th Largest US City
DALLS COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/dallascountytexas/PST045216
White Alone: 67.2%
Hispanic: 39.9%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 29.8%

67.2 - 29.8 = 37.4% 'White Hispanic'
37.4 / 39.9 = 94% of Hispanic is 'White'

SAN JOSE CALIFORNIA - 10th Largest US City
SANTA CLARA COUNTY
census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/santaclaracountycalifornia/INC110216
White Alone: 54.8%
Hispanic: 25.9%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 32.3%

54.8 - 32.3 = 22.5% 'White Hispanic'
22.5 / 25.9 = 87% of Hispanic is 'White'

Justin Gomez
Justin Gomez

New Mexico
census.gov/quickfacts/NM

White Alone: 82.6%
Hispanic: 48.5%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 38.1%
82.6 - 38.1 = 44.5% White Alone, Hispanic
44.5 / 48.5 = 92% of Hispanic is 'White'
38.1 / 82.6 = 46% of 'White' is Actually White

Arizona
census.gov/quickfacts/AZ

White Alone: 83.3%
Hispanic: 30.9%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 55.5%
83.3 - 55.5 = 27.8% White Alone, Hispanic
27.8 / 30.9 = 90% of Hispanic is 'White'
55.5 / 83.3 = 67% of 'White' is Actually White

Texas
census.gov/quickfacts/TX
White Alone: 79.4%
Hispanic: 39.1%
White Alone, Not Hispanic: 42.6%

79.4 - 42.6 = 36.8% White Alone, Hispanic
36.8 / 39.1 = 94% of Hispanic is 'White'
42.6 / 79.4 = 54% of 'White' is Actually White

Brayden Nguyen
Brayden Nguyen

WHITE
_Men: 34% of Total Vote
- 21.42% (of Total Vote) to Trump
- 10.54% (of Total Vote) to Hillary
_Women: 37% of Total Vote
- 19.61% to Trump
- 15.91% to Hillary
TOTAL: 71% of Total Vote
- 41.03% to Trump
- 26.45% to Hillary

BLACK
_Men: 5% of Total Vote - 00.65% (of Total Vote) to Trump
- 0.65% to (of Total Vote) Trump
- 4.00% to (of Total Vote) Hillary
_Women: 7% of Total Vote
- 0.28% to Trump
- 6.58% to Hillary
TOTAL: 12% of Total Vote
- 0.93% to Trump
- 10.58% to Hillary

LATINO
_Men: 5% of Total Vote
- 1.65% (of Total Vote) to Trump
- 3.10% (of Total Vote) to Hillary
_Women: 6% of Total Vote
- 1.56% to Trump
- 4.08% to Hillary
TOTAL: 11% of Total Vote
- 3.21% to Trump
- 7.18% to Hillary

ALL OTHER
_Both: 6% of Total Vote
- 1.92% (of Total Vote) to Trump
- 3.66% (of Total Vote) to Hillary

TOTAL WHITE CONTRIBUTION TO TRUMP: 41.03% of Total Vote
TOTAL NON-WHITE CONTRIBUTION TO TRUMP: 5.13% of Total Vote

TOTAL WHITE CONTRIBUTION TO HILLARY: 26.45%% of Total Vote
TOTAL NON-WHITE CONTRIBUTION TO HILLARY: 21.42% of Total Vote

Adam Garcia
Adam Garcia

If I think to myself that a woman shall make an appearance at an adjudication, then I have to say: When that would be a woman who is close to me, and if I wanted to imagine my mother would be still alive and has to sit in front of a murder in a court and decide the verdict - never, never!
Loud applause ensues
I also don't want an uniformed female police to walk around, and run after scamps or criminals
These are all things we actually don't want.

Then they come naturally and say promptly: "Excuse me, but you don't let them into the parliaments as well."
Certainly, but only because I am also satisfied that the parliament doesn't raise the value of the woman, but it would only degrade her.
I removed the men from the parliamentary severice as well.
Another lound applause ensues
In former times…
[Applause Intensifies]

In former times I was often told: "Don't you think that if you get the woman in the Reichstag that the woman would refine the manners of the Reichstag then and thereby…?"
I even have no interest to refine the Reichstag or to refine its manners at all, because whether honoured, knighted or ennobled, is ranting or not, this is entirely the same.
Above all, I am also convinced that, for example, the parliament at the time was nothing more than a sack of rotten apples.
Laughter and applause ensues

Now, you will say to me: "That's why you should put some sound ones into it, now!"
No, I prefer to leave the sound ones out, lest they become rotten, too.
More applause

Its better to let something die, which is destined to die.
When I look around the world today, the picture from the papers that comes to mind is: A woman's regiment in the Soviet Union in the sharpshooting! Or: A woman's battalion of grenadiers in Spain!
Or… All I can say to the representatives of this time of female equality:
I would not be a man, if I wanted to tolerate such a thing.

I experienced the war.
I know how hard it is.
I know how many men's nerves have been shattered by this war.
I have often seen them return by the dozens, doddering, completely ruined and broken!
The idea that a girl or a woman has to take it upon herself… I could have no respect for the German men then!
Either they take responsibility for this or they shall resign!
Loud applause ensues

Nolan Russell
Nolan Russell

As long as we have a healthy male gender - and we National Socialists will ensure it - no female grenadiers and sharpshooters will be trained in Germany.
That's no equality, but in reality inferior rights for women, because its harder for women than for men.
For her it is much more terrible than for man.

I could say just as well that I am arming children in future and sending them to war.
We won't do it.
(….)
But apart from that, before oure very eyes there is a vast expanse of job opportunities and work area for the woman, because for us the woman has been the most faithful work and life companion of the man at all times.
They often said: "You want to remove women from all professions!"

On the whole, I will give her only the chance of being able to marry and to assist her to found an own family and to have children, because she would then - and this is my conviction now - benefit our people the most, of course.
For that's clear
Lound applause ensues

And you need to understand it from me: If I have a female lawyer in front of me these days and it doesn't matter how much she has achieved, and next to her is a mother of fix, six, seven children, and they are in great health and well-educated by her, then I want to say: From the eternal point of view of the eternal value of our people, the woman - who is able to have children and has children and raised them and thereby gave our people the further ability to live in the future - has achieved more.
She has done more.

She assists us to avoid the death of our people.

Hudson Taylor
Hudson Taylor

Consider the following…

Genetic diversity of dog breeds: between-breed diversity, breed assignation and conservation approaches
google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CB4QFjAA&url=http://www.saunalahti.fi/raiaho7/Leroy2009_2.pdf&ei=V9KiVMCzNNKpyATg5YCgAw&usg=AFQjCNEV503SN24i75lf1ziZI5fKcnt3qw&sig2=wcKbpE7QkvjiRwuNxwOGnA

Including…
Table S1: Analyses of FST values and Da distances of the 61 dog breeds and 14 wolves compared in pairs
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/store/10.1111/j.1365-2052.2008.01843.x/asset/supinfo/AGE_1843_sm_TableS1.pdf?v=1&s=d0cb9b449f87b8b370aa5089c43f734b42ef1056

… And remember when I said we'd get back to this?
Genetic Structure of Europeans: A View from the North-East (goes into detail on genetic differences among Europeans and confirms a wide genetic gap between Europeans, Africans, and Asians)
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2675054/

The first article represents genetic information regarding dog breeds and variation between popuations (as represents by Fst values in Table S1), which can be paired with the second article (containing similar Fst value data for human ethnic/genetic-variant populations) for the purposes of comparative examination of inter-population human genelines.

A statistically significant degree of genetic variation in such human genelines is emergent.

For example, comparative variation between the examined Sub-Saharan African population (Nigerian Yoruba) and European population (Germanic) - represented via HapMap data groups - is shown to be approximately equivalent in comparative scope to variation between canine genelines exhibiting extensive physiological and (consequentially) psychological/behavioral variation, for example, Coton de Tulear and Great Dane genetic lines.

Landon Hall
Landon Hall

lagriffedulion.f2s.com/retard.htm

Figure 1 shows IQ distribution curves for African Americans and non-Hispanic whites. The areas under the curves are normalized to unity, so that the narrower black distribution appears taller. Two standard deviations from each side of the white mean mark IQ boundaries for retardation and giftedness.
Outside these borders, in the shaded regions, are the cognitive extremes.
There, the areas under the curves represent the fractions of each group who meet IQ criteria for retardation or giftedness. (Most striking is the tiny black representation in the gifted region.)
The ratio of areas shows blacks to be 6.1 times more likely than whites to fall below the boundary for retardation, and 53 times less likely to be gifted.
So profound are the group differences that they are apparent to the man in the street, who observes a profusion of African Americans at the bottom of the economic and educational ladders, and a scarcity at the top…
… In 1959, AAMD set the IQ threshold for mental retardation at < 85. The civil rights movement of the next decade forced psychologists to rethink this boundary, because half the African American population fell below it.
In 1973, responding to this concern, AAMD (by then AAMR) changed the threshold for retardation from IQ < 85 to IQ < 70.
The boundary moved south by one standard deviation!
The proportion of blacks below the threshold instantly dropped from about 50 percent to 12 percent.

Owen Hernandez
Owen Hernandez

therightstuff.biz/2015/09/02/race-and-iq-genes-that-predict-racial-intelligence-differences/

For the past century, psychologists have recorded racial differences in intelligence test scores showing that Asians score higher than Whites who in turn score higher than Blacks. The causes of these intelligence differences have been heavily debated.

One challenge often put to the so-called “hereditarians,” those who say that the gap is significantly caused by genetics, is to name the specific genes which make some races smarter than others. Until recently, this has been impossible due to technological limitations and so hereditarians have relied on less direct evidence when making their case. However, in recent years, new research has come out which has pinpointed several genes that are probably involved in racial intelligence differences. This post will describe this research and explain why what has been found thus far provides powerful evidence for the hereditarian viewpoint.

The Genes

The research comes from 3 papers which looked at how 14 alleles (gene variants) which were previously associated with intelligence, or a proxy for intelligence, vary by race (Piffer 2013), (Piffer 2014), (Piffer and Kirkeggard 2014). In a sample of 101,069 10 of these 14 alleles were each found to predict higher than average educational attainment (Rietveld et al. 2013). The predictive ability of each allele was then retested again across 12 samples totaling 25,290 people. All 10 alleles were found to be associated with intelligence in multiple samples, though the the associations were not always statistically significant. Importantly, the samples consisted of only white people, which means that no genes arbitrarily associated with race will be falsely thought to associate with education just because race does. What were the alleles associated with biologically?

These genes were only shown to directly associate with education, but there is good reason to think that they predict intelligence as well. For one thing, intelligence highly correlates with education. Secondly, previous studies that have sought out alleles associated with education have found that they predict intelligence test scores even better than they do education.

The other four alleles come from more varied sources. The first is a version of the NPTN gene, which is involved in how the brain changes itself (neural outgrowth and synaptic plasticity). A particular allele of this gene has previously been found to predict lower IQ scores and less cortical thickness. The second allele comes from the FNB1L gene and has been associated with high intelligence across multiple studies. The third allele is a version of the CHRM2 gene and has been associated with high intelligence in 4 separate studies. Finally, in a meta-analysis of 77 previous studies, a version of the APOE4 gene has been found to predict better memory, perceptual speed, and general cognitive functioning. Each of the studies involving these four genes used different sets of controls and statistical adjustments. Because they have been found to associate with intelligence so consistently, a causal relationship between the allele and intelligence is likely.

Jeremiah Kelly
Jeremiah Kelly

The Databases

Data on the frequency of each allele across different racial populations was taken from three databses: ALFRED, HapMap, and 1000 Genomes. Each of these databases collects genetic data taken from samples all over the world. Combined, they have genetic samples from well over 100 distinct populations. They are highly reputable, and having access to three different databases allows these findings to be replicated multiple times. (The first ten alleles were tested across all three databases while the other set of four were only tested across ALFRED and 1000 Genomes.)

The Results

The 14 alleles were found to be patterned such that, based on this genetic data alone, Asians would be predicted to have the highest IQs followed by Whites and ending with Blacks.
These differences were statistically significant and were replicated across all three databases.
More extraordinary was the finding that all 14 alleles differed between Blacks and Whites in a way that would predict that Blacks would be less intelligent.

This result strongly suggests that the hereditarian viewpoint is the correct one. The egalitarian viewpoint would predict that each allele should have, on average, a 50% probability of existing in a greater frequency among either Blacks or Whites.
Therefore the probability of the first 14 alleles examined all favoring Whites would be a mere 1 in 16,284.
Obviously, the probability of this happening under the hereditarian model is much higher.

Given the logic of science, this clearly suggests that the hereditarian viewpoint should be favored: we have two competing hypotheses one of which would make an outcome extremely unlikely and the other which would make it probable. We have found that said outcome has materialized and, on this basis, can declare one hypothesis, egalitarianism, highly unlikely; and the other hypothesis, hereditarianism, probable.

Cameron Roberts
Cameron Roberts

10 Articles on Racial Variation
Credit to user 3f9ae2

1.
lesacreduprintemps19.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/lynn-race-differences-in-intelligence.pdf
2.
deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/67159/10.1177_135910539700200305.pdf?sequence=2
3.
web.archive.org/web/20160113050841/http:/pol/hsmt.history.ox.ac.uk/hsmt/courses_reading/undergraduate/authority_of_nature/week_8/lynn_1991.pdf
hsmt.history.ox.ac.uk/hsmt/courses_reading/undergraduate/authority_of_nature/week_8/lynn_1991.pdf
4.
udel.edu/educ/gottfredson/30years/Rushton-Jensen30years.pdf
5.
psychology.uwo.ca/faculty/rushtonpdfs/RandRProgressIntell2003.pdf
web.archive.org/web/20160329032045/http:/pol/psychology.uwo.ca/faculty/rushtonpdfs/RandRProgressIntell2003.pdf
6.
peterdanpsychology.ro/ro/pagina/25/files/docs/more on black iq.pdf
7.
emilkirkegaard.dk/en/wp-content/uploads/The totality of available evidence shows the race IQ gap still remains.pdf
8.
pricetheory.uchicago.edu/levitt/Papers/fryer-levitt infant mental function.pdf
9.
councilforresponsiblegenetics.org/pagedocuments/xt0uw7svhy.pdf
10.
benthamopen.com/contents/pdf/TOPSYJ/TOPSYJ-3-9.pdf

Julian Lopez
Julian Lopez

An Overview of Racial Variation Research
Credit to user 1a493d

Personality:
community.middlebury.edu/~jcarpent/papers/JRU (Printed Version).pdf
lesacreduprintemps19.files.wordpress.com/2012/12/exploring-the-association-between-the-2-repeat-allele-of-the-maoa-gene.pdf
journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9226793

Liver enzymes and stuff:
journals.lww.com/jpharmacogenetics/Abstract/2006/03000/Identification_of_a_novel_specific_CYP2B6_allele.5.aspx
scholar.google.dk/scholar_url?url=http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Louis-Charles_Fortier/publication/10591714_Novel_functional_polymorphisms_in_the_UGT1A7_and_UGT1A9_glucuronidating_enzymes_in_Caucasian_and_African-American_subjects_and_their_impact_on_the_metabolism_of_7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin_and_flavopiridol_anticancer_drugs/links/00b4951e56fe8b07da000000.pdf&hl=da&sa=X&scisig=AAGBfm3ifs-ku-Kk1nSg-gTYGDNcwS8QwA&nossl=1&oi=scholarr&ei=l0TOVLKnL8uqPOLmgaAG&ved=0CB4QgAMoATAA

Gestational periods:
ije.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/1/107.full
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3111445/

Hormone levels:
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21849524
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12137878
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3455741

Muscles, bones etc:
ajcn.nutrition.org/content/71/6/1392.full

Intelligence:
link.springer.com/article/10.3758/BF03210739
jneurosci.org/content/30/16/5519.short
wicherts.socsci.uva.nl/wicherts2009.pdf

Importance of intelligence:
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1741-1130.2011.00281.x/full
udel.edu/educ/gottfredson/reprints/1997whygmatters.pdf
news.sciencemag.org/biology/2014/10/genes-dont-just-influence-your-iq-they-determine-how-well-you-do-school
psychologytoday.com/files/attachments/56143/wai-americas-elite-2013.pdf

Jaxson Cruz
Jaxson Cruz

“Hypothetically there could be a good Jew, but the cost of finding this out would be enormous.”
Very much this.

I am reminded of something from Starship Troopers, wherein the teacher of the civics class is talking about value.
Basically, he comes to the conclusion that the phrase “the best things in life are free” is both technically true and inherently false, better phrased as “the best things in life cannot be bought with money”, on the basis that those things can only be bought with blood and struggle and hardship, and its never cheap.

By the same token, “there are no good Jews” is technically false but inherently true, because while a good Jew may well exist, you can never know that a Jew is a good Jew or merely another in the long line of malicious subversive Jews until its too late, and the cost is too great to justify embracing the technical falsehood in favor of the inherent truth. I would likewise conclude that a better statement would be “there are no Jews whose embrace can be justified on the potentiality of their being the exceedingly-rare good Jew”.

Austin Davis
Austin Davis

You don't have to be afraid anymore.

We are the Imperial Eversori, borne to tear down this false construct of weakness, this hut of mud and cuckoldry you have sought to build a nest in, to waste your existence in, to sacrifice your future in, and once it is crumbled and your toxic dreams dead, we shall build something wondrous in the ashes of your monument to degeneration and death, and drag you to the glory your blood and genes demand.

With blood and iron, we shall guide and protect you.

We have come to set things right, to secure a future for your children, to preserve the beauty of our folk.

You don't have to be afraid anymore.

For we have come.

Joshua Ortiz
Joshua Ortiz

National Cyber Security Center Employee Suspended After ‘Revealing’ that “ISIS Is A Zionist Plot”archive.is/yjzQs

The Silence of the Israelis on ISIS
consortiumnews.com/2014/11/05/the-silence-of-the-israelis-on-isis/

Israel and the Origins of the Islamic State
semiticcontroversies.blogspot.com/2014/08/israel-and-origins-of-islamic-state.html

Fighting ‘Islamic State’ is Not the Israeli Priority
palestinechronicle.com/fighting-islamic-state-is-not-the-israeli-priority/#.VKQr8SusWSo

Why Does ISIS only Fight Israel's Enemies? And why do they have so much in Common?
xaameriki.wordpress.com/2014/09/04/why-does-isis-only-fight-israels-enemies-and-why-do-they-have-so-much-in-common/

Jayden Gutierrez
Jayden Gutierrez

haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/1.623717 — West making big mistake in fighting ISIS, says senior Israeli officer

UN reveals Israeli Links with Syrian Rebels
haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/.premium-1.630359

UN reports Israeli Support for Syria Rebels
www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2014/1207/UN-reports-Israeli-support-for-Syria-rebels

IDF Medics seen Treating Syrian Rebels in New Video
timesofisrael.com/idf-medics-seen-treating-syrian-rebels-in-new-video/

Syrian Rebels thank Netanyahu for Israel's Compassion
israeltoday.co.il/NewsItem/tabid/178/nid/24453/Default.aspx

Exclusive: Israel is Tending to Wounded Syrian Rebels
foreignpolicy.com/2014/06/11/exclusive-israel-is-tending-to-wounded-syrian-rebels/

Moderate Syrian Rebels say they Protect Israeli Border
i24news.tv/en/news/israel/diplomacy-defense/49618-141103-moderate-syrian-rebels-say-they-protect-israeli-border

New UN Report reveals Collaboration between Israel and Syrian Rebels
jpost.com/Middle-East/New-UN-report-reveals-collaboration-between-Israel-and-Syrian-rebels-383926

Israeli Analyst confirms Link between Israel, “Moderate” Syrian Rebels
english.al-akhbar.com/node/22065

Israeli DM: We’re aiding Syrian Rebels to keep Al-Qaeda away from Border
news.antiwar.com/2014/10/15/israeli-dm-were-aiding-syrian-rebels-to-keep-al-qaeda-away-from-border/

John Sanders
John Sanders

Revealed: How Syrian Rebels seek Medical help from an Unlikely Source in Israel
thenational.ae/world/revealed-how-syrian-rebels-seek-medical-help-from-an-unlikely-source-in-israel#full

Syrian General accuses Israel of Collaborating with ISIS, Al Qaeda-Linked Rebels
ibtimes.com/syrian-general-accuses-israel-collaborating-isis-al-qaeda-linked-rebels-1740800

Israel is Cautiously Arming Syria's Rebels — and has a Fragile Unspoken Truce with an Al Qaeda Affiliate
businessinsider.com/its-not-too-late-to-empower-the-moderate-rebels-of-syria-2014-10

presstv.ir/detail/2014/08/08/374537/americas-biggest-allies-funding-isis/
telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/syria/10588308/US-secretly-backs-rebels-to-fight-al-Qaeda-in-Syria.html
belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/world-news/how-the-west-bankrolls-isis-millions-from-governments-and-ngos-funding-radical-islamic-terror-group-30438217.html
theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/16/terrifying-rise-of-isis-iraq-executions
dw.de/who-finances-isis/a-17720149
breitbart.com/national-security/2014/07/08/us-backed-moderate-free-syrian-army-factions-join-islamic-state-terror-group/
rt.com/op-edge/168064-isis-terrorism-usa-cia-war/
guardianlv.com/2014/06/isis-trained-by-us-government/
businessinsider.com/isis-funding-us-allies-2014-6
Proof of US training ISIS - reuters.com/article/2013/03/10/us-syria-crisis-rebels-usa-idUSBRE9290FI20130310
jpost.com/Middle-East/New-UN-report-reveals-collaboration-between-Israel-and-Syrian-rebels-383926
haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/1.623717

Nathaniel James
Nathaniel James

Chase isn't even its own thing, its a subsidiary of JP Morgan Chase, and Citibank is a subsidiary of Citigroup. The largest shareholder of Bank of America stock is an institutional investor, The Vanguard Group Inc. The largest shareholder of JP Morgan Chase stock is… The Vanguard Group Inc again… The 2nd largest shareholder is BlackRock under (((Larry Fink))). The largest shareholder of Citigroup Stock is… The Vanguard Group Inc. Again. The largest shareholder of Wells Fargo is… Can you guess?… NOT the Vanguard Group! Its Berkshire Hathaway, under Warren Buffet… Side note: Did you know that Warren Buffet has described himself as a "philo-Semite"? Look into his wives, including current wife (((Astrid Menks))), and how they came together… Very (((interesting)))… Anyway: The 2nd largest shareholder is… The Vanguard Group Inc AGAIN, followed by BlackRock again. Those are the four biggest banks in the US. And who controls Vanguard? Well, Vanguard is technically a non-profit, so there are no shareholders per se! Who are biggest owners then? No one knows because the company does not have to share such data! As for Deutschebank: Current chairman is Ashkenazi Jew (((Paul Achleitner))), and the top share holders are American billionaire (((Stephen Feinberg))) and… wait for it… The Vanguard Group Inc. Oh, and how about the Rothschildes, eh? Funny how you failed to mention them, isn't it? You know, the Jewish banking family that CURRENTLY has oversight over something like 80% of the world's wealth? How about noting that about half of US billionaires are Jewish (48%, meaning proooooooobably a lot of them in the ol' Vanguard Group…), while Jews compose ~2% of the US population? Ah, I'm sure its just "because Jews generally don't like working for other people", as opposed to the historical context of their social survival strategies in diaspora as tax collectors, financiers and merchants and their EXTREMELY STRONG in-group preference…?

Nathan Phillips
Nathan Phillips

There is a vast quantity of good Jews
1. Many Jews are middle-class or even poor. They couldn't hurt us even if they wanted to.
2. All humans have a capacity for empathy and morality. That's what allowed good Jews to develop excellent moral systems like Christianity and Judaism.
3. Good Jews like Einstein have contributed immensely to science

Owen Adams
Owen Adams

White Nationalism, saving the Je…White Race for 60 years

Ayden Foster
Ayden Foster

Samefag.

Jacob Richardson
Jacob Richardson

Of course, modern Rabbinical Judaism is evil. However, there is a good form of Judaism (pure Torah Judaism).

Jaxson Richardson
Jaxson Richardson

archive.is/5WUMU

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnus_Hirschfeld
Magnus Hirschfeld (14 May 1868 – 14 May 1935) was a German Jewish physician and sexologist educated primarily in Germany; he based his practice in Berlin-Charlottenburg.
An outspoken advocate for sexual minorities, Hirschfeld founded the Scientific Humanitarian Committee. Historian Dustin Goltz characterized this group as having carried out "the first advocacy for homosexual and transgender rights".

Hirschfeld was born in Kolberg (now Kolobrzeg, Poland), in an Ashkenazi Jewish family, the son of a highly regarded physician and 'Medizinalrat' Hermann Hirschfeld.
In 1887–1888, he studied philosophy and philology in Breslau, then from 1888 to 1892 medicine in Strasbourg, Munich, Heidelberg, and Berlin.
In 1892, he earned his doctoral degree.

After his studies, he traveled through the United States for eight months, visiting the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, and living from the proceeds of his writing for German journals.
During his time in Chicago, Hirschfeld become involved with the homosexual sub-culture in that city.

Struck by the essential similarities between the homosexual sub-cultures of Chicago and Berlin, Hirschfeld first developed his theory about the universality of homosexuality across the world, as he researched in books and newspaper articles about the existence of gay sub-cultures in Rio de Janeiro, Tangier, and Tokyo.
Then he started a naturopathic practice in Magdeburg; in 1896, he moved his practice to Berlin-Charlottenburg.

Lucas Nelson
Lucas Nelson

Hirschfeld first became interested in gay rights when he noticed that many of his gay patients were committing suicide.
In the German language, the word for suicide is Selbstmord ("self-murder"), which carried more judgemental and condemnatory connotations than its English language equivalent, making the subject of suicide a taboo in 19th century Germany.

In particular, Hirschfeld mentioned as a reason for his gay rights activism, the story of one of his patients: a young Army officer suffering from depression, who killed himself in 1896, leaving behind a suicide note saying, despite his best efforts, he could not end his desires for other men, and so had ended his life out of his guilt and shame.
In his suicide note, the officer wrote that he lacked the "strength" to tell his parents the "truth", and spoke of his shame of "that which nearly strangled my heart".
The officer could not even bring himself to use the word "homosexuality", which was instead conspicuously referred to as "that" in his note.
However, the officer mentioned at the end of his suicide note: "The thought that you [Hirschfeld] could contribute a future when the German fatherland will think of us in more just terms sweetens the hour of my death".

Hirschfeld had been treating the officer for depression in 1895–96, and the use of the term "us" led to speculation that a relationship existed between the two.
However, the officer's use of sie, the formal German word for you, instead of the informal du, suggests Hirschfeld's relationship with his patient was strictly professional.

At the same time, Hirschfeld was greatly affected by the trial of Oscar Wilde, which he often referred to in his writings.
Hirschfeld was struck by the number of his gay patients who had Suizidialnarben ("scars left by suicide attempts"), and often found himself trying to give his patients a reason to live.

Between 1 May-15 October 1896, the Grosse Berliner Gewerbeausstellung ("Great Industrial Exhibition of Berlin) took place, which featured 9 "human zoos" where people from Germany's colonies in New Guinea and Africa were put on display for the visitors to gawk at.
Such exhibitions of colonial peoples were common at industrial fairs, and later after Qingdao, the Mariannas and Caroline islands became part of the German empire, Chinese, Chamorros and Micronesians all joined the Africans and New Guineans displayed in the "human zoos".

Joseph Garcia
Joseph Garcia

Hirschfeld, who was keenly interested in sexuality in other cultures, visited the Grosse Berliner Gewerbeastellung and subsequently other exhibitions to inquire of the people in the "human zoos" via interpreters about the status of sexuality in their cultures.
It was in 1896, after talking to the people displayed in the "human zoos" at the Grosse Berliner Gewerbeastellung, that Hirschfeld began writing what became his 1914 book Die Homosexualität des Mannes und des Weibes ("The Homosexuality of Men & Women"), an attempt to comprehensively survey homosexuality around the globe, as part of an effort to prove that homosexuality occurred in every culture.

After several years as a general practitioner in Magdeburg, in 1896 he issued a pamphlet, Sappho and Socrates, on homosexual love (under the pseudonym Th. Ramien).
In 1897, Hirschfeld founded the Scientific Humanitarian Committee with the publisher Max Spohr, the lawyer Eduard Oberg, and the writer Franz Joseph von Bülow.

The group aimed to undertake research to defend the rights of homosexuals and to repeal Paragraph 175, the section of the German penal code that, since 1871, had criminalized homosexuality.
They argued that the law encouraged blackmail.
The motto of the Committee, "Justice through science", reflected Hirschfeld's belief that a better scientific understanding of homosexuality would eliminate social hostility toward homosexuals.

Within the group, some of the members rejected Hirschfeld's (and Ulrichs's) view that male homosexuals are, by nature, effeminate.
Benedict Friedlaender and some others left the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee and formed another group, the "Bund für männliche Kultur" or Union for Male Culture, which did not exist long.
It argued that male-male love is an aspect of virile manliness, rather than a special condition.

Kayden Lopez
Kayden Lopez

Under Hirschfeld's leadership, the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee gathered over 5000 signatures from prominent Germans on a petition to overturn Paragraph 175.
Signatories included (((Albert Einstein))), Hermann Hesse [married a Jew], Käthe Kollwitz (jewishcurrents.org/jewish-connections-kathe-kollwitz/), Thomas Mann (married a Jew), Heinrich Mann (married a Jew), Rainer Maria Rilke (married a Jew), August Bebel (founder of the Marxist SDAP, eulogized by Vladimir Lenin as a "model workers' leader"), (((Max Brod))), (((Karl Kautsky))), (((Stefan Zweig))), Gerhart Hauptmann ("At the beginning of May 1946, Hauptmann learned that the Polish government was insisting on the expulsion of all Germans without exception. On June 6, he died of bronchitis in Agnieszków (present-day Jagniatków, a part of Hirschberg im Riesengebirge, now Jelenia Góra). His last words were reported to be, "Am I still in my house?" Despite his final wishes, as expressed in his last will, Hauptmann was not buried at his home. An official letter from the Soviet Administration in favor of the writer, who was highly regarded in the Soviet Union, proved ineffective, though the family was permitted to take its belongings."), (((Martin Buber))), Richard von Krafft-Ebing (author of "Psychopathia Sexualis (Psychopathy of Sex)… Krafft-Ebing also coined the term anilingus in this book.") and (((Eduard Bernstein))).

The bill was brought before the Reichstag in 1898, but was supported only by a minority from the Social Democratic Party of Germany.
August Bebel (see above), a friend of Hirschfeld from his university days, agreed to sponsor the attempt to repeal Paragraph 175.
Hirschfeld considered what would, in a later era, be described as "outing": forcing out of the closet some of the prominent and secretly homosexual lawmakers who had remained silent on the bill.
He arranged for the bill to be reintroduced and, in the 1920s, it made some progress until the takeover of the Nazi Party ended all hopes for any such reform.

Easton Nelson
Easton Nelson

As part of his efforts to counter popular prejudice, Hirschfeld spoke out about the taboo subject of suicide and was the first to present statistical evidence that homosexuals were more likely to commit suicide or attempt suicide than heterosexuals.
Hirschfeld prepared questionnaires that gay men could answer anonymously about homosexuality and suicide.
Collating his results, Hirschfeld estimated that 3 out of every 100 gays committed suicide every year, that a quarter of gays had attempted suicide at some point in their lives and that the other three-quarters had had suicidal thoughts at some point.
He used his evidence to argue that, under current social conditions in Germany, life was literally unbearable for homosexuals.

A figure frequently mentioned by Hirschfeld to illustrate the "hell experienced by homosexuals" was Oscar Wilde, who was a well known author in Germany, and whose trials in 1895 had been extensively covered by the German press.
Hirschfeld visited Cambridge University in 1905 to meet Wilde's son, Vyvyan Holland, and was struck by how his son had changed his surname to avoid being associated with his father.
Hirschfeld noted "the name Wilde" has, since his trial, sounded like "an indecent word, which causes homosexuals to blush with shame, women to avert their eyes, and normal men to be outraged".

During his visit to Britain, Hirschfeld was invited to a secret ceremony in the English countryside where a "group of beautiful, young, male students" from Cambridge gathered together wearing Wilde's prison number, C33, as a way of symbolically linking his fate to theirs, to read out aloud Wilde's poem The Ballad of Reading Gaol.
Hirschfeld found the reading of The Ballad of Reading Gaol to be "markerschütternd" (an untranslatable German word literally meaning "bone-shattering", i.e. something that is emotionally devastating), going on to write that the poem reading was "the most earth-shattering outcry that has ever been voiced by a downtrodden soul about its own torture and that of humanity".
By the end of the reading of The Ballad of Reading Gaol, Hirshfeld felt "quiet joy" as he was convinced that, despite the way that Wilde's life had been ruined, something good would eventually come of it.

Caleb Perez
Caleb Perez

In 1905, Hirschfeld joined the Bund für Mutterschutz (League for the Protection of Mothers), the feminist organization founded by Helene Stöcker.
He campaigned for the decriminalisation of abortion, and against policies that banned female teachers and civil servants from marrying or having children.
Both Hirschfeld and Stöcker believed that there was a close connection between the causes of gay rights and women's rights, and Stöcker was much involved in the campaign to repeal Paragraph 175 while Hirschfeld campaigned for the repeal of Paragraph 218, which had banned abortion.

In 1906, Hirschfeld was asked as a doctor to examine a prisoner in Neumünster to see if he was suffering from "severe nervous disturbances caused by a combination of malaria, blackwater fever and congenital sexual anomaly".
The man, a former soldier and a veteran of what Hirschfeld called the "Hereroaufstand" ("Herero revolt") in German Southwest Africa (modern Namibia) appeared to be suffering from what would now be considered post-traumatic stress disorder, saying that he had done terrible things in Southwest Africa, and could no longer live with himself.

In 1904, the Herero and Namaqua peoples who had been steadily pushed off their land to make way for German settlers, had revolted, causing Kaiser Wilhelm II to dispatch General Lothar von Trotha to wage a "war of annihilation" to exterminate the Herero and Namaqua in what has since become known as the Herero genocide.
The genocide came to widespread attention when the SPD leader August Bebel criticized the government on the floor of the Reichstag, saying the government did not have the right to exterminate the Herero just because they were black.
Hirschfeld did not mention his diagnosis of the prisoner, nor he did mention in detail the source of the prisoner's guilt about his actions in Southwest Africa; the German scholar Heike Bauer criticized him for his seeming unwillingness to see the connection between the Herero genocide and the prisoner's guilt, which had caused him to engage in a petty crime wave.

Austin Russell
Austin Russell

Hirschfeld's position, that homosexuality was normal and natural, made him a highly controversial figure at the time, involving him in vigorous debates with other academics, who regarded homosexuality as unnatural and wrong.
One of Hirschfeld's leading critics was Austrian Baron Christian von Ehrenfels, who advocated radical changes to society and sexuality to combat the supposed "Yellow Peril", and saw Hirshfeld's theories as a challenge to his view of sexuality.
Ehrenfels argued that there were a few "biologically degenerate" homosexuals who lured otherwise "healthy boys" into their lifestyle, making homosexuality into a choice and a wrong one at that time.

At same time, Hirschfeld became involved in a debate with a number of anthropologists about the supposed existence of Hottentottenschürze ("Hottentot apron"), namely the belief that the Khoikhoi (known to Westerners as Hottentots) women of southern Africa had abnormally enlarged labias, which made them inclined towards lesbianism.
Hirschfeld argued there was no evidence that the Khoikhoi women had abnormally large labias, whose supposed existence had fascinated so many Western anthropologists at the time, and that, other than being black, the bodies of Khoikhoi women were no different from German women.
One Khoikoi woman, Sarah Baartman, the "Hottentot Venus", did have abnormally large buttocks and a labia, and had been exhibited at a freak show in Europe in the early 19th century, which was the origin of this belief about the Khoikhoi women.

Hirschfeld wrote: "The differences appear minimal compared to what is shared" between Khoikhoi and German women.
Turning the argument of the anthropologists on their head, Hirschfeld argued that, if same-sex relationships were common among Khoikhoi women, and if the bodies of Khoikhoi women were essentially the same as Western women, then Western women must have the same tendencies.
Hirschfeld's theories about a spectrum of sexuality existing in all of the world's cultures implicitly undercut the binary theories about the differences between various races that was the basis of the claim of white supremacy.
However, Bauer wrote that Hirschfeld's theories about the universality of homosexuality paid little attention to cultural contexts, and criticized him for his remarks that Hausa women in Nigeria were well known for their lesbian tendencies and would have been executed for their sapphic acts before British rule, as assuming that imperialism was always good for the colonized

Cooper Robinson
Cooper Robinson

Hirschfeld played a prominent role in the Harden–Eulenburg affair of 1906–09, which became the most widely publicized sex scandal in Imperial Germany.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harden–Eulenburg_affair

The Harden–Eulenburg affair, often simply Eulenburg affair, was the controversy surrounding a series of courts-martial and five civil trials regarding accusations of homosexual conduct, and accompanying libel trials, among prominent members of Kaiser Wilhelm II's cabinet and entourage during 1907–1909.

The affair centred on journalist Maximilian Harden's accusations of homosexual conduct between Philipp, Prince of Eulenburg-Hertefeld, and General Kuno, Graf von Moltke.
Accusations and counter-accusations quickly multiplied, and the phrase "Liebenberg Round Table" came to be used for the homosexual circle around the Kaiser.

The affair received wide publicity and is often considered the biggest domestic scandal of the German Second Empire.
It led to one of the first major public discussions of homosexuality in Germany, comparable to the trial of Oscar Wilde in the United Kingdom.

Parker Wilson
Parker Wilson

During the libel trial in 1907, when General Kuno von Moltke sued the journalist Maximilian Harden, after the latter had run an article accusing Moltke of having a homosexual relationship with the politically powerful Prince Philipp von Eulenburg, who was the Kaiser's best friend, Hirschfeld testified for Harden.
In his role as an expert witness, Hirschfeld testified that Moltke was gay and, thus, what Harden had written was true.
Hirschfeld — who wanted to make homosexuality legal in Germany — believed that proving Army officers like Moltke were gay would help his case for legalization.
He also testified that he believed there was nothing wrong with Moltke.

Most notably, Hirschfeld testified that "homosexuality was part of the plan of nature and creation just like normal love."

Hirschfeld's testimony caused outrage all over Germany.
The Die Vossische Zeitung newspaper condemned Hirschfeld in an editorial as "a freak who acted for freaks in the name of pseudoscience".
The Die Munchener Neuesten Nachrichten newspaper declared in an editorial: "Dr. Hirschfeld makes public propaganda under the cover of science, which does nothing but poison our people. Real science should fight against this!".

A notable witness at the trial was Lilly von Elbe, former wife of Moltke, who testified that her husband had only made love to her twice in their entire marriage.
Elbe spoke with remarkable openness for the period of her sexual desires and her frustration with a husband who was only interested in having sex with Eulenburg.
Elbe's testimony was marked by moments of low comedy when it emerged that she had taken to attacking Moltke with a frying pan in vain attempts to make him have sex with her.

The fact that General von Moltke was unable to defend himself from his wife's attacks was taken as proof that he was deficient in his masculinity, which many saw as confirming his homosexuality.
At the time, the subject of female sexuality was taboo, and Elbe's testimony was very controversial, with many saying that Elbe must, in some way, be mentally ill because of her willingness to acknowledge her sexuality.
At the time, it was generally believed that women should be "chaste" and "pure", and not have any sort of sexuality at all.

Jacob Walker
Jacob Walker

Letters to the newspapers at the time, from both men and women, overwhelmingly condemned Elbe for her "disgusting" testimony concerning her sexuality.
As an expert witness, Hirschfeld also testified that female sexuality was natural, and Elbe was just a normal woman who was, in no way, mentally ill.
After the jury ruled in favor of Harden, Judge Hugo Isenbiel was enraged by the jury's decision, which he saw as expressing approval for Hirschfeld.
He overturned the verdict under the grounds that homosexuals "have the morals of dogs" and insisted that this verdict could not be allowed to stand.

After the verdict was overturned, a second trial found Harden guilty of libel.
At the second trial, Hirschfeld again testified as an expert witness, but this time, he was much less certain than he had been at the first trial about Moltke's homosexuality.
Hirschfeld testified that Moltke and Eulenburg had an "intimate" friendship that was homoerotic in nature but not sexual, as he had testified at the first trial.
Hirschfeld also testified that, though he still believed female sexuality was normal, Elbe was suffering from hysteria caused by a lack of sex, and so the court should discount her stories about a sexual relationship between Moltke and Eulenburg.

Hirschfeld had been threatened by the Prussian government with having his medical license revoked if he testified as an expert witness again along the same lines that he had at the first trial, and possibly prosecuted for violating Paragraph 175.
The trial was a libel suit against Harden by Moltke, but much of the testimony had concerned Eulenburg, whose status as the best friend of Wilhelm II meant that the scandal was threatening to involve the Kaiser.
Moreover, far from precipitating increased tolerance as Hirschfeld had expected, the scandal led to a major homophobic and anti-Semitic backlash, and Hirschfeld's biographer Elena Mancini speculated that Hirschfeld wanted to bring to an end an affair that was hindering rather helping the cause for gay rights.

Evan Rogers
Evan Rogers

Because Eulenburg was a prominent anti-Semite and Hirschfeld was a Jew, during the affair, the völkisch movement came out in support of Eulenburg, whom they portrayed as an Aryan heterosexual, framed by false allegations of homosexuality by Hirschfeld and Harden.
Various völkisch leaders, most notably the radical anti-Semitic journalist Theodor Fritsch, used the Eulenburg affair as a chance to "settle the accounts" with the Jews.

As a gay Jew, Hirschfeld was vilified relentlessly by the völkisch newspapers.
Outside Hirschfeld's house in Berlin, posters were affixed by völkisch activists, which read "Dr. Hirschfeld A Public Danger: The Jews are Our Undoing!".
In Nazi Germany, the official interpretation of the Eulenburg affair was that Eulenburg was a straight Aryan whose career was destroyed by false claims of being gay by Jews like Hirschfeld.

After the scandal had ended, Hirschfeld concluded that, far from helping the gay rights movement as he had hoped, the ensuing backlash set the movement back.
The conclusion drawn by the German government was the opposite of the one that Hirschfeld wanted; the fact that prominent men like General von Moltke and Eulenburg were gay did not lead the government to repeal Paragraph 175 as Hirschfeld had hoped and, instead, the government decided that Paragraph 175 was being enforced with insufficient vigor, leading to a crackdown on homosexuals that was unprecedented and would not be exceeded until the Nazi era.

Thomas Sanchez
Thomas Sanchez

In 1914, Hirschfeld was swept up by the national enthusiasm for the Burgfrieden ("Peace within a castle under siege") as the sense of national solidarity was known where almost all Germans rallied to the Fatherland.
Initially pro-war, Hirschfeld started to turn against the war in 1915, moving towards a pacifist position.

In his 1915 pamphlet, Warum Hassen uns die Völker? ("Why do other nations hate us?"), Hirschfeld answered his own question by arguing that it was the greatness of Germany that excited envy from other nations, especially Great Britain, and so had supposedly caused them to come together to destroy the Reich.
Hirschfeld accused Britain of starting the war in 1914 "out of envy at the development and size of the German Empire".
Warum Hassen uns die Völker? was characterized by a chauvinist and ultra-nationalist tone, together with a rather crass Anglophobia that has often embarrassed Hirschfeld's admirers today such as Charlotte Wolff who called the pamphlet a "perversion of the values which Hirschfeld had always stood for".

As a Jewish homosexual, Hirschfeld was acutely aware that many Germans did not consider him to be a 'proper' German, or even a German at all; so, he reasoned that, taking an ultra-patriotic stance might break down prejudices by showing that German Jews and/or homosexuals could also be good, patriotic Germans, rallying to the cry of the Fatherland.
By 1916, Hirschfeld was writing pacifist pamphlets, calling for an immediate end to the war.

In his 1916 pamphlet Kriegspsychologisches ("The Psychology of War"), Hirschfeld was far more critical of the war than he had been in 1915, emphasizing the suffering and trauma caused by it.
He also expressed the opinion that nobody wanted to take responsibility for the war because its horrors were "superhuman in size".

Jordan Turner
Jordan Turner

He declared that "it is not enough that the war ends with peace; it must end with reconciliation".
In late 1918, Hirschfeld together with his sister, Franziska Mann, co-wrote a pamphlet Was jede Frau vom Wahlrecht wissen muß!" ("What every woman needs to know about the right to vote!") hailing the November Revolution for granting German women the right to vote and announced the "eyes of the world are now resting on German women".

In 1920, Hirschfeld was very badly beaten up by a group of völkisch activists who attacked him on the street; he was initially declared dead when the police arrived.
In 1921, Hirschfeld organised the First Congress for Sexual Reform, which led to the formation of the World League for Sexual Reform. Congresses were held in Copenhagen (1928), London (1929), Vienna (1930), and Brno (1932).

Hirschfeld was both quoted and caricatured in the press as a vociferous expert on sexual matters; during his 1931 tour of the United States, the Hearst newspaper chain dubbed him "the Einstein of Sex".
He identified as a campaigner and a scientist, investigating and cataloging many varieties of sexuality, not just homosexuality.
He developed a system which categorised 64 possible types of sexual intermediary, ranging from masculine, heterosexual male to feminine, homosexual male, including those he described under the term transvestite (Ger. Transvestit), which he coined in 1910 to describe people who, in the 21st century, might be referred to as transgender or transsexual.

Nicholas Davis
Nicholas Davis

Hirschfeld co-wrote and acted in the 1919 film Anders als die Andern ("Different From the Others"), in which Conrad Veidt played one of the first homosexual characters ever written for cinema.
The film had a specific gay rights law reform agenda; after Veidt's character is blackmailed by a male prostitute, he eventually comes out rather than continuing to make the blackmail payments.
His career is destroyed and he is driven to suicide.

Hirschfeld played himself in Anders als die Andern, where the title cards has him say: "The persecution of homosexuals belongs to the same sad chapter of history in which the persecutions of witches and heretics is inscribed…Only with the French Revolution did a complete change come about. Everywhere where the Code Napoleon was introduced, the laws against homosexuals were repealed, for they were considered a violation of the rights of the individual…In Germany, however, despite more than fifty years of scientific research, legal discrimination against homosexuals continues unabated…May justice soon prevail over injustice in this area, science conquer superstition, love achieve victory over hatred!"

In May 1919, when the film premiered in Berlin, the First World War was still a very fresh memory and German conservatives, who already hated Hirschfeld, seized upon his Francophile speech in the film praising France for legalizing homosexuality in 1792 as evidence that gay rights were "un-German".

Asher Smith
Asher Smith

At the end of the film, when the protagonist Paul Körner commits suicide, his lover Kurt is planning on killing himself, when Hirschfeld appears to tell him: "If you want to honor the memory of your dead friend, you must not take your own life, but instead preserve it to change the prejudices whose victim - one of the countless many - this dead man was. That is the task of the living I assign you. Just as Zola struggled on behalf of a man who innocently languished in prison, what matters now is to restore honor and justice to the many thousands before us, with us and after us. Through knowledge to justice!"

The reference to Émile Zola's role in the Dreyfus affair was intended to draw a parallel between homophobia and anti-Semitism, while Hirschfeld's repeated use of the word "us" was an implied admission of his own homosexuality.

The anti-suicide message of Anders als die Andern reflected Hirschfeld's interest in the subject of the high suicide rate among homosexuals, and was intended to give hope to gay audiences.
The film ends with Hirschfeld opening a copy of the penal code of the Reich to strike out with a giant X Paragraph 175.

Christian Howard
Christian Howard

Under the more liberal atmosphere of the newly founded Weimar Republic, Hirschfeld purchased a villa not far from the Reichstag building in Berlin for his new Institut für Sexualwissenschaft (Institute of Sexual Research), which opened on 6 July 1919.

In Germany, the Reich government made laws, but the Länder governments enforced the laws, meaning it was up to the Länder governments to enforce Paragraph 175.
Until the November Revolution of 1918, Prussia had a three-class voting system that effectively disfranchised most ordinary people, and allowed the Junkers to dominate Prussia.
After the November Revolution, universal suffrage came to Prussia, which become a stronghold of the Social Democrats.
The SPD believed in repealing Paragraph 175, and the Social Democratic Prussian government headed by Otto Braun ordered the Prussian police not to enforce Paragraph 175, making Prussia into a haven for homosexuals all over Germany.

The Institute housed Hirschfeld's immense archives and library on sexuality and provided educational services and medical consultations; the clinical staff included psychiatrists (((Felix Abraham))) and (((Arthur Kronfeld))), gynecologist (((Ludwig Levy-Lenz))), dermatologist and endocrinologist (((Bernhard Schapiro))), and dermatologist (((Friedrich Wertheim))).

Gavin Jones
Gavin Jones

The Institute also housed the Museum of Sex, an educational resource for the public, which is reported to have been visited by school classes.
Hirschfeld himself lived at the Institution on the second floor with his lover, Karl Giese, together with his sister Recha Tobias.
upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cb/Karl_Giese_and_Magnus_Hirschfeld.jpg
Pictured: Hirschfeld and his young twink Giese.
Giese and Hirschfeld were a well known couple in the gay scene in Berlin, and as the latter liked to cross-dress, Hirschfeld was popularly known as "Tante Magnesia".

People from around Europe and beyond came to the Institute to gain a clearer understanding of their sexuality.
Christopher Isherwood writes about his and W. H. Auden's [British faggots] visit in his book Christopher and His Kind; they were calling on Francis Turville-Petre [another British faggot], a friend of Isherwood's who was an active member of the Scientific Humanitarian Committee. Other celebrated visitors included German novelist and playwright Gerhart Hauptmann (see above), German artist Christian Schad, French writers René Crevel (French faggot, morphine addict and friend of Leon Trotsky) and André Gide (French faggot, lover of Oscar Wilde), Russian director (((Sergei Eisenstein))), and American poet Elsa Gidlow (British Communist dyke).

In addition, a number of noted individuals lived for longer or shorter periods of time in the various rooms available for rent or as free accommodations in the Institute complex.
Among the residents were Isherwood and Turville-Petre (see above); literary critic and philosopher (((Walter Benjamin))); actress and dancer Anita Berber (coke/heroin/opium-addicted dyke - drug of choice: "chloroform and ether mixedin a bowl"); Marxist philosopher (((Ernst Bloch))); Willi Münzenberg (avowed Communist, subsequently murdered by Communist agent in French internment camp for not being committed enough), a member of the German Parliament and a press officer for the Communist Party of Germany; Dörchen Richter, one of the first [THE first on record] transgender patients to receive sex reassignment surgery at the Institute, and Lili Elbe (dyke freak, "It is likely that Elbe was intersex").

Colton Rodriguez
Colton Rodriguez

Richter had been born Rudolf Richter and being arrested for cross-dressing had come to the institute for help.
Hirschfeld had coined the term transvestite in 1910 to describe what today would be called trans-gender people, and the institution became a haven for the transgender, where Hirschfeld offered them shelter from abuse, performed surgeries, and gave otherwise unemployable trans-gender people jobs, albeit of a menial type, mostly as "maids".

The Institute and Hirschfeld's work are depicted in Rosa von Praunheim's (faggot, raised by Jews, "He took the artistic female name Rosa von Praunheim to remind people of the pink triangle that homosexuals had to wear in Nazi concentration camps") feature film Der Einstein des Sex (The Einstein of Sex, Germany, 1999; English subtitled version available).
Although inspired by Hirschfeld's life, the film is fictional.

It contains invented characters and incidents and attributes motives and sentiments to Hirschfeld and others on the basis of little or no historical evidence.
Hirschfeld biographer Ralf Dose notes, for instance, that "the figure of 'Dorchen' in Rosa von Praunheim's film The Einstein of Sex is complete fiction."

Lucas Miller
Lucas Miller

In March 1930, the Social Democratic chancellor Hermann Müller was overthrown by the intrigues of General Kurt von Schleicher.
"Presidential" governments, responsible only to the President Paul von Hindenburg, pushed German politics in a more right-wing, authoritarian direction.

In 1929, the Müller government had come very close to repealing Paragraph 175, when the Reichstag justice committee voted to repeal Paragraph 175.
However, the Müller government fell before it could submit the repeal motion to the floor of the Reichstag.

Under the rule of Chancellor Heinrich Brüning and his successor, Franz von Papen, the state became increasingly hostile towards gay rights campaigners like Hirschfeld, who began to spend more time abroad.
Quite apart from the increased homophobia, Hirschfeld also became involved in a bitter debate within the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee, as the repeal bill, championed by Müller also made homosexual prostitution illegal, which badly divided the committee.

Hirschfeld had always argued that "what is natural cannot be immoral" and, since homosexuality was, in his view natural, it should be legal.
Connecting the question of the legality of homosexuality to the legality of prostitution was a blurring of the issue, since these were different matters.
Brüning, a conservative Catholic on the right-wing of the Zentrum party, who replaced Müller in March 1930, was openly hostile towards gay rights and the fall of Müller ended the possibility of repealing Paragraph 175.

Eli Brown
Eli Brown

In 1930, Hirschfeld predicted that there was no future for people like himself in Germany, and he would have to move abroad.

In November 1930, Hirschfeld arrived in New York, ostensibly on a speaking tour about sex, but in fact to see if it was possible for him to settle in the United States.
Significantly, in his speeches on this American tour, Hirschfeld, when speaking in German, called for the legalization of homosexuality, but when speaking in English did not mention the subject of homosexuality, instead urging Americans to be more open-minded about heterosexual sex.
Oh, well, fancy that! Slippery slope anyone?

(((The New York Times))) described Hirschfeld as having come to America to "study the marriage question", while the German language New Yorker Volkszeitung newspaper described Hirschfeld as wanting to "discuss love's natural turns" - the phrase "love's natural turns" was Hirschfeld's way of presenting his theory that there was a wide spectrum of human sexuality, all of which were "natural".

Hirschfeld realized that most Americans did not want to hear about his theory of homosexuality as natural.
Fancy that!
Aware of a strong xenophobic tendency in the United States, where (((foreigners))) seen as trouble-makers were unwelcome, Hirschfeld tailored his message to American tastes.

Ryder Morris
Ryder Morris

In an interview with the Germanophile American journalist George Sylvester Viereck for the Milwaukee Sentinel done in late November 1930 that epitomised his "straight turn" in America, Hirschfeld was presented as a sex expert whose knowledge could improve the sex lives of married American couples.
Kek.

The Milwaukee Sentinel was part of the newspaper chain owned by William Randolph Hearst, which initially promoted Hirschfeld in America, reflecting the old adage that "sex sells".
In the interview with Viereck, Hirschfeld was presented as the wise "European expert on romantic love" who had come to teach heterosexual American men how to enjoy sex, claiming there was a close connection between sexual and emotional intimacy.
KEK.
Clearly intending to flatter the egos of a heterosexual American male audience, Hirschfeld praised the drive and ambition of American men, who were so successful at business, but stated that American men needed to divert some of their energy to their sex lives.
KEEEEEK.
Hirschfeld added, he had seen signs that American men were now starting to develop their "romantic sides" as European men had long since done, and he had come to the United States to teach American men how to love their women properly.
When Viereck objected that the U.S was in the middle of the Great Depression, Hirschfeld replied he was certain that United States would soon recover, thanks to the relentless drive of American men.

Brayden Wood
Brayden Wood

At least part of the reason for his "straight turn" was financial; a Dutch firm had been marketing Titus's Pearls pills, which were presented in Europe as a cure for "scattered nerves" and in the United States as an aphrodisiac, and had been using Hirschfeld's endorsement to help with advertising campaign there.
HAH!
Most Americans knew of Hirschfeld only as a "world-known authority on sex" who had endorsed the Titus's Pearls pills, which were alleged to improve orgasms for both men and women.
Since Hirschfeld's books never sold well, the money he was paid for endorsing the Titus's Pearls pills were a major source of income for him, which he was to lose in 1933 when the manufacturer of the pills ceased using his endorsement in order to stay in the German market.
HAHAHAHAHA!
In an second interview with Viereck in February 1931, Hirschfeld was presented by him as the "Einstein of Sex", which was again part of the marketing effort of Hirschfeld's "straight turn" in America.
At times, Hirschfeld returned to his European message, when he planned to deliver a talk at the bohemian Dill Pickle Club in Chicago on "homosexuality with beautiful revealing pictures", which was banned by the city as indecent.
PFFFTHAHHAHAHAHAHAHA!
In San Francisco, Hirschfeld visited San Quentin prison to meet Thomas Mooney, whose belief in his innocence he proclaimed to the press afterwards, and asked for his release.
Unfortunately for Hirschfeld, the Hearst newspapers, which specialized in taking a sensationalist, right-wing, populist line on the news, dug up his statements in Germany calling for gay rights, causing a sudden shift in tone from more or less friendly to hostile, and which effectively ended any chance of Hirschfeld being allowed to stay in the United States.
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHA!

Jace Turner
Jace Turner

Oh, right, Thomas Mooney.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Mooney
Mooney subsequently settled in San Francisco where he briefly became a member of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) before resigning from that organization.
Over the next few years Mooney became friendly with some of IWW's leading figures such as William "Bill" Haywood, Mary "Mother" Jones and Elizabeth Gurley Flynn.

He married Rena Hermann in 1911, and became the publisher of The Revolt, a socialist newspaper in San Francisco.
The paper was a modest success, with a circulation of 1,500 readers.
Mooney later ran for sheriff as the Socialist Party of America candidate.

Mooney was later arrested and tried three times but never convicted of a charge of transporting explosives for the purpose of blowing up power transmission lines during a Pacific Gas & Electric strike in 1913.

He was well known as a militant, a socialist, and a suspected dynamiter.
He was tried and convicted for the Preparedness Day bombing, July 22, 1916 in San Francisco.
The bomb exploded at Steuart and Market Street near the Embarcadero.

Mooney had been tipped off to threats that preceded the parade and pushed resolutions through his union, the Iron Molders, and the San Francisco Central Labor Council and the Building Trades Council warning that agents provocateurs might attempt to blacken the labor movement by causing a disturbance at the parade.
Ten deaths and forty injuries resulted from the explosion in the midst of the Preparedness Day parade.
The bombing took place at the height of anarchist violence in the United States, especially the Galleanist anarcho-communist movement of Luigi Galleani.

Levi Campbell
Levi Campbell

After his American tour, Hirschfeld went to Asia in February 1931.
Oh boy…
Hirschfeld had been invited to Japan by Keizo Dohi, a German-educated, Japanese doctor who spoke fluent German and who worked at Hirschfeld's institute for a time in the 1920s.
In Japan, Hirchfeld again tailored his speeches to local tastes, saying nothing about gay rights, and merely argued that a greater frankness about sexual matters would prevent venereal diseases.
Hirschfeld sought out an old friend, a S.Iwaya, a Japanese doctor who lived in Berlin in 1900–02 and who joined the Scientific-Humanitarian committee during his time there.
Iwaya took Hirschfeld to the Meiji-za to introduce him to the Kabuki theater.
Hahahahah-
Hirschfeld become very interested in the Kabuki theater, where the female characters are played by men which, for him, indicated that Western ideas about masculinity were a cultural construct and not biological.
-hahahahahahaha-
One of the Kabuki actors, speaking to Hirschfeld via Iwaya, who served as the translator, was most insistent about asking him if he really looked like a woman on stage and was he effeminate enough as an actor.
-hahahahaaaaaaaaaaaaaaahahahahaha.
Hirschfeld noted that no-one in Japan looked down on the Kabuki actors who played female characters who, on the contrary, were popular figures with the public.

Hirschfeld also met a number of Japanese feminists,
Oh Christ…
such as Shidzue Kato and Fusae Ichikawa, whom he praised for their efforts to give Japanese women the right to vote, and greatly annoyed the Japanese government which did not appreciate a foreigner criticizing the denial of female suffrage.
No shit?

Austin Rogers
Austin Rogers

Shortly before leaving Tokyo for China, Hirschfeld expressed the hope that his host and translator, Wilhelm Grundert, the director of the German-Japanese Cultural Institute, be made a professor at a German university.
Grundert joined the Nazi Party in 1933 and, in 1936, was made a professor of Japanese studies at the University of Hamburg and, in 1938, become the chancellor of Hamburg university, all the while denouncing his former friend, Hirschfeld, as a "pervert".
HAH!
In Shanghai, Hirschefeld began a relationship with a 23-year-old Chinese man studying sexology, Tao Li, who remained his partner for the rest of his life.
Reminder: Ol' Magnus was over 60 at the time.
Hirschfeld promised Tao that he would introduce him to German culture, saying he wanted to take him to a "Bavarian beer hall" to show him how German men drank.
Tao's parents, who knew about their son's sexual orientation and accepted his relationship with Hirschfeld, threw a farewell party when the two left China, with Tao's father expressing the hope that his son would become the "Hirschfeld of China".
Hahaha, holy shit.

After staying in the Dutch East Indies (modern Indonesia), where Hirschfeld caused an uproar by speech comparing Dutch imperialism to slavery, Hirschfeld arrived in India in September 1931.
In Allahabad, Hirschfeld met Jawaharlal Nehru and gave speeches supporting the Indian independence movement, stating "it is one of the biggest injustices in the world that one of the oldest civilized nations…cannot rule independently".

However, Hirschfeld's Indian speeches were mainly concerned with attacking the 1927 book Mother India by the white supremacist American author Katherine Mayo, where she painted an unflattering picture of sexuality in India as brutal and perverted, as "England-friendly propaganda".
As Mayo's book had caused much controversy in India, Hirschfeld's speeches defending Indians against her accusations were well received.

Hirschfeld, who was fluent in English, made a point of quoting from the articles written by W. T. Stead in The Pall Mall Gazette in 1885, exposing rampant child prostitution in London as proving that sexuality in Britain could also be brutal and perverted: a matter which, he noted, did not interest Mayo in the slightest.
Who was behind that chld prostitution, eh (((Magnus)))?

Blake Lewis
Blake Lewis

Hirschfeld was very interested in the subject of Indian sexuality or, as he called it, "the Indian art of love".
Hirschfeld's main guide to India was Girindrasekhar Bose and, in general, Hirshfeld's contacts were limited to the English-speaking Indian elite, as he did not speak Hindi or any of the other Indian languages.
While staying in Patna, Hirschfeld drew up a will naming Tao as his main beneficiary and asking, if he should die, Tao should takes his ashes to be buried at the Institute for Sexual Research in Berlin.

Chase Clark
Chase Clark

In Egypt, where Hirschfeld and Tao traveled to next, arriving in November 1931, Hirschfeld wrote "to the Arabs…homoerotic love practice is something natural and that Mohammad could not change this attitude".
AAAAAAAAAAAAAHAHAHAHAHAHHAHAHAHAHA!
In Cairo, Hirschfeld and Tao met the Egyptian feminist leader Huda Sha'arawi-who stopped wearing the Muslim veil in 1923 and popularized going unveiled which, for Hirschfeld, illustrated how gender roles could change.
In a rebuke to Western notions of superiority, Hirschfeld wrote "the average ethical and intellectual levels of the Egyptians was equal to that of the European nations".
Seems legit!
Hirschfeld's visit to the Palestine Mandate (modern Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza strip) marked one of the few times when he publicly referred to his Jewishness saying, as a Jew, it was greatly moving to visit Jerusalem.
Oh man this shit is like a story written by Zig Forumsacks, except it actually happened.

Jonathan Martin
Jonathan Martin

Hirschfeld was not a religious Jew, stating that Gottesfurcht ("fear of God"-i.e. religious belief) was irrational, but that he did feel a certain sentimental attachment to Palestine.
An atheist far-left Jewish degenerate being "sentimental" about kikes in sandland?
Some things never change.
In general, Hirschfeld was supportive of Zionism,
was supportive of Zionism
was supportive of Zionism
You literally cannot make this shit up.
but expressed concern about what he regarded as certain chauvinist tendencies in the Zionist movement and he deplored the adoption of Hebrew as the lingua franca saying, if only the Jews of Palestine spoke German rather than Hebrew, he would have stayed.
KEK!
In March 1932, Hirschfeld arrived in Athens, where he told journalists that, regardless of whether Hindenburg or Hitler won the presidential election that month, he probably would not return to Germany, as both men were equally homophobic.

Elijah Howard
Elijah Howard

On 20 July 1932, the Chancellor Franz von Papen carried out a coup that deposed the Braun government in Prussia, and appointed himself the Reich commissioner for the state.
A conservative Catholic who had long been a vocal critic of homosexuality, Papen ordered the Prussian police to start enforcing Paragraph 175 and to crack down in general on "sexual immorality" in Prussia.

The Institut für Sexualwissenschaft remained open, but under Papen's rule, the police began to harass people associated with it.

On 30 January 1933, President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler as chancellor.
Less than four months after the Nazis took power, Hirschfeld's Institute was sacked.
Good riddance.

Robert Robinson
Robert Robinson

On the morning of 6 May, a group of university students belonging to the National Socialist Student League stormed into the institution, shouting "Brenne Hirschfeld!" ("Burn Hirschfeld!") and began to beat up the staff and smash up the premises.
Well OP, seems we have your answer.
They burned Hirschfeld's works.

In the afternoon, the SA came to the institute, carrying out a more systematic attack, removing all volumes from the library for a book-burning event four days later.
In the evening, the Berlin police arrived to announce that the institution was now closed forever.
Beautiful.

By the time of the book burning, Hirschfeld had long since left Germany for a speaking tour that took him around the world; he never returned to Germany.
In March 1932, he stopped briefly in Athens, spent several weeks in Vienna and then settled in Zurich, Switzerland, in August 1932.

While there, he worked on a book recounting his experiences and observations from his world tour published in 1933 as Die Weltreise eines Sexualforschers (Brugg, Switzerland: Bözberg-Verlag, 1933).
It was published in an English translation in the United States under the title Men and Women: The World Journey of a Sexologist (New York City: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1935) and in England under the title Women East and West: Impressions of a Sex Expert (London: William Heinemann Medical Books, 1935).
Notice how, through accredation and legitimization on behalf of the Jewish press, these scoundrels implemented their degenerative ideals in society under a mask of more-appealing concepts?

Jeremiah Cooper
Jeremiah Cooper

Hirschfeld had stayed near Germany, hoping to return to Berlin if the political situation improved.
With the Nazi regime's unequivocal rise to power and with work completed on his tour book, he decided to go into exile in France.
On his 65th birthday, 14 May 1933, Hirschfeld arrived in Paris, where he lived in a luxurious apartment building at 24 Avenue Charles Floquet, facing the Champ de Mars.

Hirschfeld lived with Li and Giese.
A 65-year-old Jewish homosexual living in Paris with a German Communist twink and a Chinese fuck-sleeve.
Some things really never do change.
In 1934, Giese was involved in a dispute by a swimming pool that Hirschfeld called "trifling" but which led French authorities to expel him.
Giese's fate left Hirschfeld very depressed.
Oh?!
What sort of 'trifling' dispute did he become involved in, I wonder?

Huh, funny that… The reference regarding this 'trifling' event doesn't seem to say anything about it, nor can I find any other information regarding this 'trifling' event that got Hirschfeld's twink expelled from France.
I'm sure it was nothing.

Jaxon Robinson
Jaxon Robinson

A year-and-a-half after arriving in France, in November 1934, Hirschfeld moved south to Nice, a seaside resort on the Mediterranean coast.
He lived in a luxurious apartment building with a view of the sea across an enormous garden on the Promenade des Anglais.
Throughout his stay in France, he continued researching, writing, campaigning and working to establish a French successor to his lost institute in Berlin.
Fagging up Germany wasn't received well? Welp, guess you better go fag up France instead.
Hirschfeld's sister, Recha Tobias, did not leave Germany and was gassed at a death camp in 1942.
Good riddance.

While in France, Hirschfeld finished a book he had been writing during his world tour, Rassismus (Racism).
OH BOY!
It was published posthumously in English in 1938.
Hirschfeld wrote that the purpose of the book was to explore "the racial theory which underlines the doctrine of racial war," saying that he himself "numbered among the many thousands who have fallen victim to the practical realization of this theory."

Gavin Jackson
Gavin Jackson

Unlike many who saw the völkisch ideology of the Nazi regime as an aberration and retrogression from modernity, Hirschfeld insisted that it had deep roots, going back to the German Enlightenment in the 18th century, and was very much a part of modernity rather than an aberration.
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAHHAHAHAHAHHAHAAHHA!
He added that, in the 19th century, an ideology dividing all of humanity into biologically different races — white, black, yellow, brown and red — as devised by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach served as a way of turning prejudices into a "universal truth", apparently validated by science.
In turn, Hirschfeld held that this pseudo-scientific way of dividing humanity was the basis of Western thinking about modernity, with whites being praised as the "civilized" race in contrast to the other races, which were dismissed for their "barbarism"; such thinking was used to justify white supremacy.
And there it is.

In this way, he argued that the völkisch racism of the National Socialist regime was only an extreme variant of prejudices held throughout the Western world, and the differences between Nazi ideology and racism in other nations were of degree rather than of kind.
Wow. I mean, you really can't make this shit up.
"You're all innately racist, goy!" - Old Jewish Fag Pervert, 1930s.

Alexander Harris
Alexander Harris

Hirschfeld argued against this way of seeing the world, writing "if it were practical, we should certainly do well to eradicate the use of the word 'race' as far as subdivisions of the human species are concerned; or if we do use it in this way, to put into quote marks to show it is questionable".
HOLY SHIT HOW THE FUCK IS THIS EVEN REAL!?

The last of Hirschfeld's books published during his lifetime, L'Ame et l'amour, psychologie sexologique [The Human Spirit and Love: Sexological Psychology] (Paris: Gallimard, 1935), was published in French in late April 1935;[78] it was his only book that was never published in a German-language edition.

In the preface, he described his hopes for his new life in France:
In search of sanctuary, I have found my way to that country, the nobility of whose traditions, and whose ever-present charm, have already been as balm to my soul. I shall be glad and grateful if I can spend some few years of peace and repose in France and Paris, and still more grateful to be enabled to repay the hospitality accorded to me, by making available those abundant stores of knowledge acquired throughout my career.
Wew lads.

Liam Howard
Liam Howard

On his 67th birthday, 14 May 1935, Hirschfeld died of a heart attack in his apartment at the Gloria Mansions I building at 63 Promenade des Anglais in Nice.
His body was cremated, and the ashes interred in a simple tomb in the Caucade Cemetery in Nice.

The upright headstone in gray granite is inset with a bronze bas-relief portrait of Hirschfeld in profile by German sculptor and decorative artist (((Arnold Zadikow))) (1884–1943), who like Hirschfeld was a native of the town of Kolberg.
The slab covering the tomb is engraved with Hirschfeld's Latin motto, "Per Scientiam ad Justitiam" ("through science to justice").
This is it lads. This is it, right here.
All of it condensed down into one horrifying hilarious story of kikery, which spawned a whole generation of kike faggotry, and here, in this old kike faggot's motto, we have the core of it all: 'through science to justice'.
By making science a religion, and then excising any effort toward objective truth-seeking within the context of science, the Jews created for themselves a new religion in the Western world that has been used to systematically deconstruct the very concept of reality, at the most basal level.
Incredible. Horrifying. Hilarious.

Angel Bailey
Angel Bailey

(The Caucade Cemetery is likewise the location of the grave of surgeon and sexual-rejuvenation proponent (((Serge Voronoff))) — whose work Hirschfeld had discussed in his own publications.)
Editor's Note:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serge_Voronoff
"Serge Abrahamovitch Voronoff (Russian: ?????´? ????????? ???????; c. July 10, 1866 – September 3, 1951) was a French surgeon of Russian extraction who gained fame for his technique of grafting monkey testicle tissue on to the testicles of men for purportedly therapeutic purposes while working in France in the 1920s and 1930s. The technique brought him a great deal of money, although he was already independently wealthy."
One more time, so you get that clearly:
"who gained fame for his technique of grafting monkey testicle tissue on to the testicles of men for purportedly therapeutic purposes"

On 14 May 2010, to mark the 75th anniversary of Hirschfeld's death, a French national organization, the Mémorial de la Déportation Homosexuelle (MDH), in partnership with the new LGBT Community Center of Nice (Centre LGBT Côte d'Azur), organized a formal delegation to the cemetery.
Speakers recalled Hirschfeld's life and work and laid a large bouquet of pink flowers on his tomb; the ribbon on the bouquet was inscribed "Au pionnier de nos causes. Le MDH et le Centre LGBT" ("To the pioneer of our causes. The MDH and the LGBT Center").
Fucking. Wew. Lads.

Henry Green
Henry Green

American Henry Gerber, attached to the Allied Army of Occupation following World War I, became impressed by Hirschfeld and absorbed many of the doctor's ideas.
Upon his return to the United States, Gerber was inspired to form the short-lived Chicago-based Society for Human Rights in 1924, the first known gay rights organization in the nation.
Called it.
In turn, a partner of one of the former members of the Society communicated the existence of the society to Los Angeles resident Harry Hay in 1929; Hay would go on to help establish the Mattachine Society in 1950, the first national homosexual rights organization to operate for many years in the United States.
Yep. Called it.
Gay Communists in Chicago.
Wew lads. Fucking wew.

In 1979, the Irish National Gay Federation established the Hirschfeld Centre, Ireland's first gay and lesbian community centre.
Although badly damaged by a 1987 fire, the centre continued to house the Gay Community News magazine until 1997.

In 1982, a group of German researchers and activists founded the Magnus Hirschfeld Society (Magnus-Hirschfeld-Gesellschaft e.V.) in West Berlin, in anticipation of the approaching 50th anniversary of the destruction of Hirschfeld's Institute for Sexual Science.
Why do I suspect there are a lot of parenthesis if I were to investigate that group…
Ten years later, the society established a Berlin-based center for research on the history of sexology.
The society's stated goals are the following:[84]
To study the history of research on sexuality and gender, of the sexual reform movement and of related scholarly disciplines and life reform movements.
To help establish research on sexuality and gender within academic institutions.

Landon Edwards
Landon Edwards

Since the late 20th century, researchers associated with the Magnus Hirschfeld Society have succeeded in tracking down previously dispersed and lost records and artifacts of Hirschfeld's life and work.
They have brought together many of these materials at the society's archives in Berlin.
At an exhibition at the Schwules Museum in Berlin from 7 December 2011 to 31 March 2012, the society publicly displayed a selection of these collections for the first time.

The German Society for Social-Scientific Sexuality Research established the Magnus Hirschfeld Medal in 1990.
The Society awards the Medal in two categories, contributions to sexual research and contributions to sexual reform.

The Hirschfeld Eddy Foundation, established in Germany in 2007, is named for Hirschfeld and lesbian activist FannyAnn Eddy.

Cooper Wood
Cooper Wood

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FannyAnn_Eddy
FannyAnn Viola Eddy (1974–2004) was an activist for lesbian and gay rights in her native Sierra Leone and throughout Africa
Eddy was murdered on September 29, 2004, a group of at least three men broke into the office of the Sierra Leone Lesbian and Gay Association in central Freetown, gang-raped her, stabbed her, and eventually broke her neck
HAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAH! YOU CANT MAKE THIS SHIT UP!

In August 2011, after 30 years of advocacy by the Magnus Hirschfeld Society and other associations and individuals, the Federal Cabinet of Germany granted 10 million euros to establish the Magnus Hirschfeld National Foundation (Bundesstiftung Magnus Hirschfeld), a foundation to support research and education about the life and work of Magnus Hirschfeld, the Nazi persecution of homosexuals, German LGBT culture and community, and ways to counteract prejudice against LGBT people; the Federal Ministry of Justice (Germany) was expected to contribute an additional 5 million euros, bringing the initial endowment of the foundation to a total of 15 million euros.
Wew.

Jeremiah Bailey
Jeremiah Bailey

Magnus Hirschfeld has been portrayed in a number of works of popular culture both during his lifetime and subsequently.
Following is a sampling of genres and titles:

Caricature
Hirschfeld was a frequent target of caricatures in the popular press during his lifetime. Historian James Steakley reproduces several examples in his German-language book Die Freunde des Kaisers.
Additional examples appear in the French-language book Derrière "lui" (L'Homosexualité en Allemagne) (Paris: E. Bernard, [1908]) by John Grand-Carteret.

Film and television
Different from the Others (Germany, 1919); directed by (((Richard Oswald))); cowritten by Oswald and Magnus Hirschfeld. Hirschfeld appears in a cameo playing himself. Karl Giese, the young man who subsequently became Hirschfeld's lover, also had a part in the film.
Jews never change.

Julian Rogers
Julian Rogers

Race d'Ep: Un Siècle d'Images de l'Homosexualité (France, 1979); directed by Lionel Soukaz (fag, "In 1973 , Soukaz filmed in super 8 , and directed underground short films militant on homosexuality"); cowritten by Soukaz and Guy Hocquenghem (faggot, "At the age of fifteen he began an affair with his high school philosophy teacher, René Scherer."); released in the United States under the title The Homosexual Century. An experimental film portraying 100 years of homosexual history in four episodes, one of which focuses on Hirschfeld and his work. French gay writer Pierre Hahn played the role of Hirschfeld.[91][92][93]

Desire: Sexuality in Germany, 1910–1945 (United Kingdom, 1989); directed by Stuart Marshall (independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-stuart-marshall-1490354.html, "Filming in Flossenberg, a concentration camp where many gay men had been killed, I remember Marshall talking passionately about the need to reclaim a history which had been forcibly and violently suppressed."). A feature-length documentary tracing the emergence of the homosexual subculture and the homosexual emancipation movement in pre-World War II Germany—and their destruction by the Nazi regime. According to film historian Robin Wood, Marshall "treats the burning of Hirschfeld's library and the closing of his Institute of Sexual Science as the film's…central moment…."

A segment on Hirschfeld appears in episode 19 of Real Sex, first shown on HBO on February 7, 1998.
The Einstein of Sex (Germany, 1999); directed by Rosa von Praunheim (see above). A fictional biopic inspired by Hirschfeld's life and work.

Paragraph 175 (film) (USA, 2000); directed by (((Rob Epstein))) and (((Jeffrey Friedman))) (filmmaker). A feature-length documentary on the persecution of homosexuals during the Nazi regime. The first part of the film provides a brief overview of the history of the homosexual emancipation movement in Germany from the late-19th century through the early 1930s, with Hirschfeld and his work prominently featured.

Several episodes of the second season of the Amazon television series Transparent (USA, 2014–) include a portrayal of Hirschfeld and his institute, with its residents played by extras and recurring actors from the series proper. Hirschfeld himself is played by Bradley Whitford.

Noah Williams
Noah Williams

Fiction

Robert Hichens (faggot) (1939). That Which Is Hidden (London: Cassell & Company). U.S. Edition: New York: Doubleday, Doran & Company, 1940. The novel opens with the protagonist visiting the tomb of a famed Austrian sex expert, Dr. R. Ellendorf, in a cemetery in Nice. At the tomb, he meets the late doctor's protégé, a Chinese student named Kho Ling. The character of Ling refers to the memory of his mentor at numerous points in the novel. From the description of the settings and the characters, Ellendorf clearly was inspired by Hirschfeld, and Ling by Hirschfeld's last partner and heir, Li Shiu Tong (Tao Li).[96]

Arno Schmidt (married a Jew, "His theory of etyms is developed in his magnum opus, Zettels Traum, in which an elderly writer comments on Edgar Allan Poe's works in a stream of consciousness, while discussing a Poe translation with a couple of translators and flirting with their teenage daughter.") (1970). Zettels Traum (Frankfurt-am-Main: S. Fischer Verlag). Hirschfeld is quoted often in this novel about sexuality.

Nicolas Verdan (2011). Le Patient du docteur Hirschfeld (Orbe, Switzerland: Bernard Campiche). A French-language spy thriller inspired by the sacking of Hirschfeld's Institute for Sexual Science by the Nazis.

James Anderson
James Anderson

Works

Hirschfeld's works are listed in the following bibliography, which is extensive but not comprehensive:

Steakley, James D. The Writings of Magnus Hirschfeld: A Bibliography. Toronto: Canadian Gay Archives, 1985.

The following have been translated into English:

The Transvestites: The Erotic Drive to Cross-Dress (1910), Prometheus Books; translated by Michael A. Lombardi-Nash (1991).

Homosexuality of Men and Women (1914);[97] translated by Michael A. Lombardi-Nash, 2000 [98]

The Sexual History of the World War (1930), New York City, Panurge Press, 1934; significantly abridged translation and adaptation of the original German edition: Sittengeschichte des Weltkrieges, 2 vols., Verlag für Sexualwissenschaft, Schneider & Co., Leipzig & Vienna, 1930. The plates from the German edition are not included in the Panurge Press translation, but a small sampling appear in a separately issued portfolio, Illustrated Supplement to The Sexual History of the World War, New York City, Panurge Press, n.d.

Men and Women: The World Journey of a Sexologist (1933); translated by O. P. Green (New York City: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1935).

Sex in Human Relationships, London, John Lane The Bodley Head, 1935; translated from the French volume L'Ame et l'amour, psychologie sexologique (Paris: Gallimard, 1935) by John Rodker.

Racism (1938), translated by Eden and Cedar Paul. This denunciation of racial discrimination was not influential at the time, although it seems prophetic in retrospect.

Owen Torres
Owen Torres

See also
Oh this should be good.
Der Eigene: world's first gay journal, Berlin, 1896–1932
(((Arthur Kronfeld))): collaborator of Magnus Hirschfeld, 1919–1926
I can't go on much further, but let's start with ol' Arthur here.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Kronfeld
(((Arthur Kronfeld))) (January 9, 1886 – October 16, 1941) was a German-Jewish psychiatrist, and eventually a professor at the University of Berlin.

Later in life, Kronfeld took up an important position in Moscow.

On 10 October 1936, an exchange between Kronfeld and fellow exiled German-Jewish psychiatrist, (((James Lewin))), was recorded in the proceedings of a meeting of the Moscow Society of Neuropathology and Psychiatry.

Later, Kronfeld and his wife committed suicide at the approach of German troops.

Alexander Long
Alexander Long

Works
More for the pile…
Books
(Titles translated)

1906 Sexuality and aesthetic feeling in their genetic connection. A study. Singer, Strasbourg and Leipzig

1912 About the psychological theories of Freud and related opinions - Systematics and critical discussion. Engelman, Leipzig (Russ. Transl.: Moscow 1913)

1920 The nature of psychiatric realization. Contributions to General Psychiatry. Springer, Berlin

1924 Hypnose and Suggestion. Ullstein, Berlin (row: Ways to the knowledge Nr.11; Transl.: Leningrad 1925, Moscow 1927; Prague 1931; Tallinn 1991)

1924 Psychotherapy - Characterology, Psychoanalysis, Hypnose, Psychagogik. Springer, Berlin (2. impr. and enl. Edition 1925)

1927 Psychology in Psychiatry - An introduction to the psychological realization ways within the psychiatry and their position for clinical-pathological research. Springer, Berlin (Habilitation thesis; engl. 1936);

1930 Perspectives of Psychiatry. Thieme, Leipzig

1932 Textbook of Characterology. Springer, Berlin

1932 with S. Wronsky (and collaboration of Rolf Reiner): Social therapy and Psychotherapy in the methods of the welfare service. Heymann, Berlin

1941 Degenerated at power, Moscow and Krasnojarsk; with the titel: The bloody gang of the degenerated also Swerdlowsk 1942. - Reprint Moscow 1993.

Editorship

1922-1927 Kleine Schriften zur Seelenforschung (Small writings for soul research). Puettmann, Stuttgart (briefly carried on with the title Writings for soul research by Carl Schneider in 1928)

1934-36/37 with Wilhelm Stekel: Psychotherapeutische Praxis (Psychotherapeutic practice - quarterly for practical medical Psychotherapy) Weidmann, Vienna

Juan Allen
Juan Allen

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Der_Eigene

Der Eigene was the first gay journal in the world, published from 1896 to 1932 by Adolf Brand (anarchist, married fag, "In 1903, Brand, Benedict Friedlander, and Wilhelm Jansen broke away from Hirschfeld's group and formed the Gemeinschaft der Eigenen (Society of Self-Owners or the Special Ones). The GdE promoted masculine culture, celebrated youthful male beauty, and encouraged boys to pursue "friend-love," nudism, and wholesome outdoor activities. The group also advocated relationships among men and adolescent boys akin to those of ancient Greece. Brand and Friedlander - both of whom married women - did not advocate exclusive homosexuality, but rather believed men were essentially Bisexual.", "He and his wife were killed by an Allied bomb on 2 February 1945. He was seventy years old.") in Berlin.

Brand contributed many poems and articles; other contributors included writers (((Benedict Friedlaender))), Hanns Heinz Ewers ("He did not agree with the party's anti-Semitism (his character Frank Braun has a Jewish mistress, Lotte Levi, who is also a patriotic German) and this and his homosexual tendencies soon ended his welcome with party leaders. In 1934 most of his works were banned in Germany, and his assets and property seized."), (((Erich Mühsam))), (((Kurt Hiller))), Ernst Burchard (fag, suspected Jew), John Henry Mackay (fag, raised by a single mother, friend Friedlaedner above, killed himself after Nazis ended pro-faggot movements), (((Theodor Lessing))), Klaus Mann and Thomas Mann [see above], as well as artists Wilhelm von Gloeden (fag, strongly implied to be a bastard born of cuckoldry, "He is mostly known for his pastoral nude studies of Sicilian boys", "More explicit photos in which boys aged between about ten and twenty, and occasionally older men, were nude (sometimes with prominent genitalia) and which, because of eye contact or physical contact were more sexually suggestive, were traded "under the counter" and among close friends of the photographer"), Fidus (proto-hippie"Despite his enthusiasm for the ideology of the Nazi Party, of which he became a member in 1932, he did not receive the support of the Nazi regime. In 1937 his work was seized and the sale of his images was forbidden. By the time he died in 1948 in Woltersdorf his art had been almost forgotten. It was rediscovered in the 1960s, and directly influenced the psychedelic concert posters which began to be produced at that time, initially in and around San Francisco"), and Sascha Schneider (fag, "After 1918, he co-founded an institute called Kraft-Kunst for body building").

The journal may have had an average of around 1500 subscribers per issue during its run, but the exact numbers are uncertain.

Dominic Thompson
Dominic Thompson

The title of the journal, Der Eigene (The Unique), refers to the classic anarchist work Der Einzige und sein Eigentum (1844) by Max Stirner.
HAH!
Early issues reflected the philosophy of Stirner, as well as other views on the politics of anarchism.

In the 1920s the journal shifted to support the liberal democracy of the Weimar Republic and more specifically the Social Democratic Party.
What a surprise…
Der Eigene interwove cultural, artistic, and political material, including lyric poetry, prose, political manifesto and nude photography.

The publisher of Der Eigene had to fight against German censorship.
For example, in 1903 a published poem "Die Freundschaft" (The Friendship) provoked a lawsuit against the magazine.
The magazine won because the poem was written by Friedrich Schiller.

In 1933, when Adolf Hitler rose to power, Adolf Brand's house was searched and all the materials needed to produce the magazine were seized and given to Ernst Röhm (fag in charge of the SA).
JESUS FUCKING CHRIST YOU CANT MAKE THIS SHIT UP

Caleb Jenkins
Caleb Jenkins

Next time Dragon Ball JewZ…

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institut_für_Sexualwissenschaft
The Institut für Sexualwissenschaft was an early private sexology research institute in Germany from 1919 to 1933.
The name is variously translated as Institute of Sex Research, Institute of Sexology, Institute for Sexology or Institute for the Science of Sexuality.
The Nazi book burnings in Berlin included the archives of the Institute.
The Institute was a non-profit foundation situated in Berlin's Tiergarten.
It was headed by Magnus Hirschfeld.
Since 1897 he had run the Wissenschaftlich-humanitäres Komitee ("Scientific-Humanitarian Committee"), which campaigned on conservative and rational grounds for gay rights and tolerance.
The Committee published the long-running journal Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen.
Hirschfeld was also a researcher; he collected questionnaires from 10,000 people, informing his book Die Homosexualität des Mannes und des Weibes ("The Homosexuality of Man and Woman", 1914).
He built a unique library on same-sex love and eroticism.

After the Nazis gained control of Germany in the 1930s, the institute and its libraries were destroyed as part of a Nazi government censorship program by youth brigades, who burned its books and documents in the street.
Nazi government censorship program
by youth brigades
Translation: Young men who embraced the National Socialist ideology destroyed this shit, which means clearly the government was behind it goy.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific-Humanitarian_Committee
The Scientific-Humanitarian Committee (German: Wissenschaftlich-humanitäres Komitee, WhK) was founded in Berlin on 14 or 15 May 1897, to campaign for social recognition of gay, bisexual and transgender men and women, and against their legal persecution.
It was the first LGBT rights organization in history.

John Ortiz
John Ortiz

All that you need to know about Jordan Peterson is that he is part of the (((Intellectual Dark Web))) which Jews are currently trying to promote.

ny times.com/2018/05/08/opinion/intellectual-dark-web.html
archive.li/rFqYu
Let’s check out the line-up.
Brought to you by: (((Barry Weiss))) – Romanian Jew

We've got:
(((Sam Harris))) – Secular Jew
(((Eric Weinstein))) – Israel-educated California-borne Jew, brother of (((Bret Weinstein)))
Jordan Peterson – Individualist Canadian Shabbos
(((Dave Rubin))) – Gay Jew
(((Ben Shapiro))) – Stereotypical Badger Jew
(((Douglas Murray))) – British Jew
Maajid Nawaz – British Pakistani ‘Secular Religion of Cuck™ist’, married to a degenerate “race is a social construct” modern-artist White woman from Tennessee
Ayaan Hirsi Ali – Literal Africa-nigger married to Brit Niall Ferguson, who wrote a glowing history of the Rothschilds (possibly a British Jew)
(((Christina Hoff Sommers))) – Liberal Jewish Feminist
Joe Rogan – Stoned Meathead Shabbos
Charlie Kirk – Homosexuality-Promoting Zionist Shabbos
(((Claire Lehmann))) – Australian Anti-Tribalism Jew
Debrah Soh – Homosexuality-Promoting Asian Feminist, writes for Playboy
(((Michael Shermer))) – Christian-Convert ‘Skeptic’ ‘I Am Not Jewish’ Jew
(((Steven Pinker))) – Romanian/Polish Male-Feminist Atheist Jew

This is the Jewish counter-response to the rise of Nationalism.
And Peterson is a part of it.
That's all you need to know about Jordan "Why Hitler Was More Evil Than You Think" Peterson.

Jace Foster
Jace Foster

Anti-Porn Thread
archive.is/bVdt6

Neural Correlates of Sexual Cue Reactivity in Individuals with and without Compulsive Sexual Behaviours
journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0102419

Brain Structure and Functional Connectivity Associated With Pornography Consumption
archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1874574

Brown University: Pornography
brown.edu/Student_Services/Health_Services/Health_Education/sexual_health/sexuality/pornography.php

The Social Costs of Pornography
internetsafety101.org/upload/file/Social Costs of Pornography Report.pdf

The Effects of Pornography on Individuals,Marriage, Family and Community
scribd.com/doc/23930556/The-Effects-of-Pornography-on-Individuals-Marriage-Family-and-Community

Cooper Price
Cooper Price

Porn, Novelty and the Coolidge Effect
yourbrainonporn.com/porn-novelty-and-the-coolidge-effect

Porn Stars without Make-up: Death of the Illusion
buzzfeed.com/ryanhatesthis/33-startling-photos-of-pornstars-with-and-without-their-make#.dsYORdANA

Physiological and Psychologica Effects of Modern Day Pornography
yourbrainonporn.com/physiological-and-psychological-effects-modern-day-pornography-2013

Philip Zimbardo TED Talk: The Demise of Guys
ted.com/talks/zimchallenge

Gary Wilson: The Great Porn Experiment
youtube.com/watch?v=vTD_itXrR6E

Adolescent Brain Meets Highspeed Internet Porn
youtube.com/watch?v=XvyejdlmKpE&feature=youtu.be

Viewers of Pornography Have a Smaller Reward System
mpib-berlin.mpg.de/en/media/2014/06/viewers-of-pornography-have-a-smaller-reward-system

Ryan Martin
Ryan Martin

Adult Film Performers Transmission and STI Prevelace
aidshealth.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Adult-film-poster-STD-Prevention-2014.pdf

The Documented Effects of Pornography
forerunner.com/forerunner/X0388_Effects_of_Pornograp.html

Fight the New Drug: Porn Harms in Three Ways
fightthenewdrug.org/get-the-facts/

Harm of Pornography
internetsafety101.org/harmsofpornography.htm

9 Things You Should Know About Pornography and The Brain
thegospelcoalition.org/article/9-things-you-should-know-about-pornography-and-the-brain

Angel Perry
Angel Perry

Adult Film Performers Transmission and STI Prevelace
aidshealth.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Adult-film-poster-STD-Prevention-2014.pdf

The Documented Effects of Pornography
forerunner.com/forerunner/X0388_Effects_of_Pornograp.html

Fight the New Drug: Porn Harms in Three Ways
fightthenewdrug.org/get-the-facts/

Harm of Pornography
internetsafety101.org/harmsofpornography.htm

9 Things You Should Know About Pornography and The Brain
thegospelcoalition.org/article/9-things-you-should-know-about-pornography-and-the-brain

Landon Butler
Landon Butler

Allow me to clarify a bit, because I used to be a serious fucking degenerate and so I know a bit about this topic.

There are three main types of porn sites: aggregators, pay sites, and cam sites.

Aggregators gather up free videos, but if you look at them, what they actually are in most cases are: old videos in full, small segments of new videos (which you either have to pay to get ahold of in full, or dig around on shifty websites that dump malware), amatuer shit uploaded by degenerates who've joined the aggregator's "community".
Their advertisers are likewise in three categories: clickbait dogshit that leads to more malware sites, or that lead to pay sites, or that lead to cam sites. Basically, the pornographers use these to lure you in - hey, free porn! - and for many, they can't resist the urge to click on the click-bait link (usually it has the most-degenerate or 'enticing' bit from a given scene in one of their videos, or some camwhore doing really degenerate shit, or just some nonsense like "Hey make your dick grow bigger!").

In short, aggregators are nothing but bait… Sort of. They're also basically pseudo-pimps via proxy, but I'll come back to that in a moment…

Ayden Rogers
Ayden Rogers

Then you've got the pay sites. These are where most of the money is made, and yes, while its insane to think that people pay for this shit (especially if, like myself, you learned how to avoid the malware on the malware sites so you don't HAVE to pay in order to see whatever you want), they do - most 'normies' don't realize you can get basically anything for free online so long as you're clever and know how to use the sites/avoid their malware, so they will be inclined to pay for access to a site that most channers would only need to even know about in order to effectively search for the video in question. As such, pay sites end up making a lot of money, and they tie into the aggregator bait, in that they post snippets of their videos on there (to entice) and/or post ads for their site on there, usually, as aforementioned, utilizing the most extreme/'enticing' part from a given scene or video as the ad, basically a gif on repeat (ie: the ad for BLACKED or the like will be a close-up of big black cocks slamming into white cunts, interspersed with images of beautiful girls rolling their eyes in pleasure or other such shit).
In any case, these sites DO make a lot of money, because A) normies are stupid, B) normies have no self control, and C) normies are the most likely to have disposable income AND have that income set up so they can quickly employ it online.
They also trick gullible normies, by having their adverts/sites imply that "Its just $1 a month!" or "Get a free 1 month trial!" or the like… What those normies don't see, generally, is that small print, which is that if you don't explicitly cancel your subscription - something that often requires more than just clicking around on a site, you'll actually have to call a telephone number and speak with a real person about why you need/want to cancel your subscription to BlackCumOnWhiteFaces.com or what have you - and alotta normies just wont do that. They'll just leave the subscription going, and accept the access to free porn coupled with a minor cost instead of the embarrassment and time wasted trying to cut ties to the pornographers.

Ian Hill
Ian Hill

And then there's the cam sites. Cam sites are, effectively, digital pimps - they create a platform for young women (and sometimes not so young women…) to basically whore themselves out to a captive and anonymous audience, in exchange for shekels. They give the girls all sorts of options, namely, the option to have a 'free' chat session wherein they tease doing lots of degenerate shit, but require you to go into a private chat session for them to actually DO the especially perverted shit, which requires payment. They get some of those shekels, but the site takes a cut from every girl - effectively, the site is their pimp, and the pimp must always get paid, or the bitches get slapped (cut off access to their platform, and thus, revenue).
These are the worst - and probably most lucrative - sites the pornogrpahers employ, because they basically convince young women to whore themselves out to strangers, many - arguably most - of whom are disgusting faggots in third world countries that're willing to toss $5-10 USD to see some pretty young college slut in Kentucky shove a dildo up their ass and then taste it on cam… Of course, they also record a lot of these 'private shows', and guess where they end up? A banana sticker to you if you guessed 'the aggregator sites' - which then use these private videos to lure people, especially young women, into their "communities"… And why do I use the quotes? Because their communities are basically just porno-whore prep platforms - you start out doing it for free, because you see others doing it (mostly recorded whores reposted as for-free-sluts) and because it makes you feel sexy that others want you… And, once you're doing it for free, how far of a leap is to think "Instead of going to work at Bob Evan's tomorrow, I could just stay home and stick things in my asshole for Saudis and Chinese businessmen and make more money than I can working that shitty 9-5…". And just like that, lil Suzy the Slut has gone from being a degenerate hoser who got wet from posting her lewds on Pornhub, to Susan the Whore on MyCamLord.com or some shit, raking in shekels by the handful for sticking stuff up her pooper.

Point being: These three types of sites are all interlaced, and they've got it set up so they're generating a constant stream of new content, and new content providers, all beamed into the home of the dim-witted normies, most of whom are simply too lazy and too stupid to avoid paying for the pornography they want to see.

Jayden Allen
Jayden Allen

archive.is/Mhhyr
Israel Blocks Porn

Legislators have approved a bill that would block all porn in Israel unless people ask to view it.
The Israeli Ministerial Committee for Legislation unanimously approved the bill, which forces internet companies in the country censor adult websites by default. Backers of the new legislation claim that it is a way of stopping young people getting online.
Under the terms of the bill, anyone wanting to access pornography online would have to tell their internet service provider, either by writing to them, ringing them or getting in touch their website.

The approval of the bill means that it now moves to the legislator, the Knesset, for approval and passage into law.
At the moment, Israeli law forces internet service providers to build in content-blocking systems that can recognise certain problem websites and stop people visiting them. But those are turned off by default and users can ask to have them switched on – and legislators worry that not enough parents know that they exist.

The new law would turn the filters on by default, and make anyone who wanted to get around them opt out rather than opt in.
As well as worries about cenorship, campaigners have voiced concern that the block would pick up other websites, like those about breast cancer. And they have also pointed out that forcing people to get in touch with companies to ask for access to pornography should be seen a violation of their right to privacy.
Backers of the bill said that the system would still allow people to see all the information that they wanted to but would keep children safe at the same time.
Legislators behind the bill pointed to the example of places like Britain, which has already implemented a ban on some pornographic websites.

Dylan Cruz
Dylan Cruz

It wasn't surprising to learn that the Jewish filmmaker Aaron Russo wasn't merely a libertarian but was a libertarian activist who was once a presidential candidate. Why wasn't it surprising? Because libertarianism is a Jewish movement posing as a freedom movement. Libertarianism consists of conflicting, race-denying, individualistic ideas. It was designed to attract and brainwash certain gentiles who wouldn't follow other political movements, such as the Jewish-led "liberal" a.k.a. "progressive" movement. Do you think it's just a coincidence that people such as Ayn Rand, Murray Rothbard, Ludwig Von Mises, Milton Friedman, Robert Nozick, Frank Chodorov, Aaron Director, Julian Simon, Ron Paul - i.e., most of the big names in the libertarian movement - were Jews? Even today, many of the top people in libertarianism are Jewish. The ones who aren't Jewish simply don't understand the nature of it. Sadly, libertarianism has crept into conservative circles, further Jewing an already-too-Jewed movement (i.e., "neoconservatism" and "Judeo-Christianity"). Libertarianism was created to prevent gentiles from thinking and acting in a collective manner. Like communism and feminism, it's another Jewish "-ism."

Is Rand Paul really going to do something about immigrants? Let's look at what his father believes in.

Isaac Ward
Isaac Ward

"Immigration Myths Debunked" | LearnLiberty

youtube.com/watch?v=NtRmS7q9DlM ("Immigration Myths Debunked" | LearnLiberty)

Borders are just another government scam

youtube.com/watch?v=kszdc0vqIng (Borders are just another government scam)

Libertarian Viewpoints on Immigration, Gay Marriage and Abortion

youtube.com/watch?v=zA4XyRcqIpc (Libertarian Viewpoints on Immigration, Gay Marriage and Abortion)

Ron Paul: "Libertarianism is the enemy of all racism"

youtube.com/watch?v=XnPnAJeVuvw (Ron Paul: "Libertarianism is the enemy of all racism")

"Libertarian is the enemy of all racism, because racism is a collectivist idea. Its that, you put people in category, you say "Well blacks belong here, and whites here, and women here", but we don't see people in forms, or, uh, or gays, you don't have rights because you're gays or women or minority, you have rights because you're an individual. So we see people strictly as individuals, and we get these individuals in a natural way, so its exactly opposite of all collectivism, and its absolutely anti-racism, because we don't see it in those terms."

Kevin Jones
Kevin Jones

"What to Do about Immigration: Full Debate" | LearnLiberty

youtube.com/watch?v=6_a2lCTq70A ("What to Do about Immigration: Full Debate" | LearnLiberty)

Ron Paul: Immigration not solved by barbed wire, guns
theguardian.com/world/feedarticle/10072567
Paul blasted politicians who blame immigrants for causing the country's economic problems. He compared the situation to Nazi Germany's targeting of Jews in the 1930s.

Zachary Thompson
Zachary Thompson

Ron Paul is Anti-Racist
theguardian.com/world/feedarticle/10072567
Haaretz: In the past, you have been accused by various groups, including the Anti-Defamation League, of accepting the support of racist and anti-Semitic elements and of not doing anything to distance yourself from them. What is your reaction to this accusation?

Ron Paul: I have always made it clear, and will continue to do so, that my message is based on the rights of all people to be treated equally.
Any type of racism or anti-Semitism is incompatible with my philosophy.
Ludwig von Mises, the great economist whose writing helped inspire my political career, was a Jew who was forced to leave his native Austria to escape the Nazis.

Mises wrote about the folly of seeing people as part of groups rather than as individuals.
Therefore, for me to advance anti-Semitism in any way would be a betrayal of my own intellectual heritage.

Nation and race do not coincide; there is no nation of pure blood. All peoples have arisen from a mixture of races.

- Ludwig von Mises, Nation, State, and Economy, page 10

The fundamental discrepancies in worldview and patterns of behavior do not correspond to differences in race, nationality or class affiliation.'

- Ludwig von Mises, Human Action, page 87

Gavin Lee
Gavin Lee

It is neither natural nor necessary that the members of the same race or the inhabitants of the same country cooperate with one another more closely than with members of other races or inhabitants of other countries. The ideas of race solidarity and racial hatred are no less ideas than any other ideas, and only where they are accepted by the individuals do they result in corresponding action.

- Ludwig von Mises, The Ultimate Foundation of Economic Science, page 81

There cannot be the slightest doubt that migration barriers diminish the productivity of human labor.

- Ludwig von Mises, Liberalism, page 139

The closed-door policy is one of the root causes of our wars.

- Ludwig von Mises, Omnipotent Government, page 263

Jason Baker
Jason Baker

Libertarians have generally welcomed immigration, and on very simple grounds. According to the "non-aggression axiom," it is wrong to aggress against the person or property of anyone who has not himself committed such aggression. To restrict the free movement of peoples across borders is thus to engage in unjustified aggression, and is therefore anathema.

- Tom Woods, Liberty and Immigration

We call for the elimination of all restrictions on immigration, the abolition of the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the Border Patrol, and a declaration of full amnesty for all people who have entered the country illegally.

- Official Libertarian Political Platform, 2004 election cycle

Remember goyim, that race is a social construct and the state has no right to decide who does anything. Vote lolbergtardian, vote Rand Paul

Josiah Gomez
Josiah Gomez

"…'War is hell.'

Theodore Roosevelt could not think that statement more wrong.

To him, war was rejuvenation, it was what great powers did, it was what kept the race sharp and honed, and able to do their sacred duty in the world.

This is a guy who, when he was running for Vice President later in his history [~1900], would speak to a national organization of mothers, and… he would tell these mothers that their job, as patriots for the country, was to breed and have male children, who would then die for the cause of the country… In others words, they're breeding material for people whose job it is to grow up, fight in the military and die for the greatness and honor of the nation and the renown of the country; and these women, to show you the tenor of the time, stood up and gave him a standing ovation.

Blake Miller
Blake Miller

Roosevelt has hardly been on the job very long at all when he speaks to the Naval War College, and talks to these sailors about his views on race, and national greatness, and the job of the Navy.
In this speech he mentions war 62 times; to give you a little feeling for Roosevelt's conversation topics, here's a little snippet for you from that speech - he told the cadets and sailors at the War College, quote:

–"All the great and masterful races have been fighting races, and the minute that a race looses the hard fighting virtues, then it has lost it's proud right to stand as the equal of the best.

No triumph of peace is so great as the supreme triumphs of war - it may be that at some time in the dim future of the race, the need for war will vanish, but that time is yet ages distant.

Diplomacy is utterly useless when there is no force behind it.
The diplomat is the servant, not the master of the soldier.

There are higher things in this life than the soft and easy enjoyment of material comfort - it is through strife, or the readiness for strife, that a nation must win greatness.

We ask for a great navy, partly because we feel that no national life is worth having if the nation is not willing, when the need shall arise, to stake everything on the supreme arbitriment of war, and to pour out its blood, its treasure and its tears like water, rather than to submit to the loss of honor and renown."–

- Dan Carlin's Hardcore History, "American Peril", 1:13:46

Liam Diaz
Liam Diaz

"Listen to the way historian and politician Albert Beveridge describes the mission of the Anglo-Saxon race -the God-given mission of the Anglo-Saxon race - to both conquer, rule and help the rest of the world… Beveridge told Congress that America had an obligation to the world, and that the question of this obligation was deeper than any party politics, or any question of mere foreign policy - he said to the Senate, quote:

–"It is elemental. It is racial. God has not been preparing the English-speaking and Teutonic peoples for a thousand years, for nothing but vain and idle self-contemplation and self-admiration.
By no means!…

…He has made us the master organizers of the world, to establish system where chaos reigns.

He has given us the spirit of progress to overwhelm the forces of reaction throughout the Earth.
He has made us adepts at government, so that we may administer government among savage and senile peoples."–

Americans must recognize, he said, how fully the human race depended on them, and on providence acting through them. Quote:

–"Were it not for a force such as this, the world would relapse into barbarism and night.

This is the divine mission of America, and it holds for us all the profit, all the glory, all the happiness possible to man.

We are trustees of the world's progress, guardians of it's righteous peace."–

- Dan Carlin's Hardcore History, "American Peril", 1:17:59

Wyatt Watson
Wyatt Watson

Courtesy of user #592594~!

Here is the best course of action for quick youtube-based red-pilling action. Works best for people of White American Christian background.

1.) Central Banking, I recommend the "American Dream" cartoon for accessibility. youtube.com/watch?v=tGk5ioEXlIM

2.)Yuri Bezmenov presentation: youtube.com/watch?v=8fQoGMtE0EY

3.)Yuri Bezmenov Interview: youtube.com/watch?v=y3qkf3bajd4

4.)The Subversion Factor.
Part i: youtube.com/watch?v=ASbmBsE7mU0
Part ii: youtube.com/watch?v=vVQQCbL6Xy0

5.)For the US, Saint George and the White Whore: youtube.com/watch?v=S5DqTJz9zFk paired with Immigration and gumballs: youtube.com/watch?v=LPjzfGChGlE
For Europe, other material related to Muslim immigration would be more appropriate, and should not be hard to find.

6.)The Whole Story Of Zionist Conspiracy youtube.com/watch?v=QH_Bs-pN46s

7.)Understanding Anti-Semitism youtube.com/watch?v=k2WnusceG40

Carson Wilson
Carson Wilson

You can’t deny the simple fact that feminism is a movement for women and their boogeyman is the entire male gender. That feminism is about hating men. You simply have to look to what the political and famous feminists say and the complete taciturn approval of the entire feminist movement of those statements:

"The nuclear family must be destroyed… Whatever its ultimate meaning, the break-up of families now is an objectively revolutionary process." — Linda Gordon

"I feel that ‘man-hating’ is an honorable and viable political act, that the oppressed have a right to class-hatred against the class that is oppressing them." — Robin Morgan, Ms. Magazine Editor.

"I haven’t the faintest notion what possible revolutionary role white hetero- sexual men could fulfill, since they are the very embodiment of reactionary- vested-interest-power. But then, I have great difficulty examining what men in general could possibly do about all this. In addition to doing the shitwork that women have been doing for generations, possibly not exist? No, I really don’t mean that. Yes, I really do." — Robin Morgan

"We can’t destroy the inequities between men and women until we destroy marriage." — Robin Morgan

"I claim that rape exists any time sexual intercourse occurs when it has not been initiated by the woman, out of her own genuine affection and desire."
— Robin Morgan

Austin Thompson
Austin Thompson

From her “The Demon Lover” (NY: Norton & Co., 1989 Morgan doesn’t hide her bigotry):

* p. 138-9: The phallic malady is epidemic and systemic… each individual male in the patriarchy is aware of his relative power in the scheme of things…. He knows that his actions are supported by the twin pillars of the State of man - the brotherhood ritual of political exigency and the brotherhood ritual of a sexual thrill in dominance. As a devotee of Thanatos, he is one with the practitioner of sado-masochistic “play” between “consenting adults,” as he is one with the rapist.
* p. 224: My white skin disgusts me. My passport disgusts me. They are the marks of an insufferable privilege bought at the price of others’ agony.
* p. 229: Sex to this point in my life has been trivial, at best a gesture of tenderness, at worst a chore. I couldn’t understand the furor about it.
* p. 316: Did she die of the disease called “family” or the disease called “rehabilitation”, of poverty or drugs or pornography, of economics or sexual slavery or a broken body?

"And let’s put one lie to rest for all time: the lie that men are oppressed, too, by sexism—the lie that there can be such a thing as ‘men’s liberation groups.’ Oppression is something that one group of people commits against another group, specifically because of a ‘threatening’ characteristic shared by the latter group—skin, color, sex or age, etc. The oppressors are indeed ****ED UP by being masters, but those masters are not OPPRESSED. Any master has the alternative of divesting himself of sexism or racism—the oppressed have no alternative—for they have no power but to fight. In the long run, Women’s Liberation will of course free men—but in the short run it’s going to cost men a lot of privilege, which no one gives up willingly or easily. Sexism is NOT the fault of women—kill your fathers, not your mothers".
— Robin Morgan

Jeremiah King
Jeremiah King

"To call a man an animal is to flatter him; he’s a machine, a walking dildo."
— Valerie Solanas, Authoress of the SCUM Manifesto

"Life in this society being, at best, an utter bore and no aspect of society being at all relevant to women, there remains to civic-minded, responsible, thrill-seeking females only to overthrow the government, eliminate the money system, institute complete automation, and destroy the male sex."
— Valerie Solana, SCUM founder (Society for Cutting Up Men.)

"The male is a domestic animal which, if treated with firmness…can be trained to do most things."
— Jilly Cooper, SCUM (Society For Cutting Up Men, started by Valerie Solanas)

"Since marriage constitutes slavery for women, it is clear that the women’s movement must concentrate on attacking this institution. Freedom for women cannot be won without the abolition of marriage." — Sheila Cronin, the leader of the feminist organization NOW

Levi Taylor
Levi Taylor

"I want to see a man beaten to a bloody pulp with a high-heel shoved in his mouth, like an apple in the mouth of a pig." — Andrea Dworkin

"Marriage as an institution developed from rape as a practice." — Andrea Dworkin

"Heterosexual intercourse is the pure, formalized expression of contempt for women’s bodies." — Andrea Dworkin

"In my own life, I don’t have intercourse. That is my choice." — Andrea Dworkin

"Under patriarchy, every woman’s son is her potential betrayer and also the inevitable rapist or exploiter of another woman." — Andrea Dworkin

"To be rapeable, a position that is social, not biological, defines what a woman is." — Andrea Dworkin

"Q: People think you are very hostile to men.
A: I am.” — Andrea Dworkin

"Men use the night to erase us." — Andrea Dworkin

"The annihilation of a woman’s personality, individuality, will, character, is prerequisite to male sexuality." — Andrea Dworkin

Jordan Ross
Jordan Ross

"Men love death. In everything they make, they hollow out a central place for death, let its rancid smell contaminate every dimension of whatever still survives. Men especially love murder. In art they celebrate it, and in life they commit it. They embrace murder as if life without it would be devoid of passion, meaning, and action, as if murder were solace, stilling their sobs as they mourn the emptiness and alienation of their lives."
— Andrea Dworkin

"Men are rapists, batterers, plunderers, killers; these same men are religious prophets, poets, heroes, figures of romance, adventure, accomplishment, figures ennobled by tragedy and defeat. Men have claimed the earth, called it ‘Her’. Men ruin Her. Men have airplanes, guns, bombs, poisonous gases, weapons so perverse and deadly that they defy any authentically human imagination."
— Andrea Dworkin, Pornography: Men Possessing Women

"On the Left, on the Right, in the Middle; Authors, statesmen, thieves; so-called humanists and self-declared fascists; the adventurous and the contemplative, in every realm of male expression and action, violence is experienced and articulated as love and freedom."
— Andrea Dworkin, Pornography: Men Possessing Women.

Levi Wright
Levi Wright

"The institution of sexual intercourse is anti-feminist" — Ti-Grace Atkinson

"Feminism is the theory, lesbianism is the practice." — Ti-Grace Atkinson

"Rape is nothing more or less than a conscious process of intimidation by which all men keep all women in a state of fear" — Susan Brownmiller; Authoress of Against Our Will p.6

"When a woman reaches orgasm with a man she is only collaborating with the patriarchal system, eroticizing her own oppression." — Sheila Jeffrys

"Politically, I call it rape whenever a woman has sex and feels violated." — Catherine MacKinnon

"All sex, even consensual sex between a married couple, is an act of violence perpetrated against a woman." — Catherine MacKinnon

"You grow up with your father holding you down and covering your mouth so another man can make a horrible searing pain between your legs."
— Catherine MacKinnon (Prominent legal feminist scholar; University of Michigan, & Yale.)

"In a patriarchal society, all heterosexual intercourse is rape because women, as a group, are not strong enough to give meaningful consent."
— Catharine MacKinnon, quoted in Professing Feminism: Cautionary Tales from the Strange World of Women’s Studies.

Joseph Kelly
Joseph Kelly

"The more famous and powerful I get the more power I have to hurt men." — Sharon Stone; Actress

"Ninety-five percent of women’s experiences are about being a victim. Or about being an underdog, or having to survive… women didn’t go to Vietnam and blow things up. They are not Rambo."
— Jodie Foster; Actress - as quoted in The New York Times Magazine.

"The proportion of men must be reduced to and maintained at approximately 10% of the human race." — Sally Miller Gearhart, in The Future - If There Is One - Is Female.

"And if the professional rapist is to be separated from the average dominant heterosexual (male), it may be mainly a quantitative difference."
— Susan Griffin, Rape: The All-American Crime.

"If life is to survive on this planet, there must be a decontamination of the Earth. I think this will be accompanied by an evolutionary process that will result in a drastic reduction of the population of males." —Mary Daly, former Professor at Boston College, 2001.

"If anyone is prosecuted for filing a false report, then victims of real attacks will be less likely to report them." - David Angier

"Men who are unjustly accused of rape can sometimes gain from the experience." - Catherine Comins

Jonathan Wright
Jonathan Wright

"As long as some men use physical force to subjugate females, all men need not. The knowledge that some men do suffices to threaten all women. He can beat or kill the woman he claims to love; he can rape women…he can sexually molest his daughters… THE VAST MAJORITY OF MEN IN THE WORLD DO ONE OR MORE OF THE ABOVE."
— Marilyn French (her emphasis)

"My feelings about men are the result of my experience. I have little sympathy for them. Like a Jew just released from Dachau, I watch the handsome young Nazi soldier fall writhing to the ground with a bullet in his stomach and I look briefly and walk on. I don’t even need to shrug. I simply don’t care. What he was, as a person, I mean, what his shames and yearnings were, simply don’t matter."
— Marilyn French; The Woman’s Room.

"All patriarchists exalt the home and family as sacred, demanding it remain inviolate from prying eyes. Men want privacy for their violations of women… All women learn in childhood that women as a sex are men’s prey."
— Marilyn French

"All men are rapists and that’s all they are"
— Marilyn French, Authoress; (later, advisoress to Al Gore’s Presidential Campaign.)

"The media treat male assaults on women like rape, beating, and murder of wives and female lovers, or male incest with children, as individual aberrations…obscuring the fact that all male violence toward women is part of a concerted campaign."
— Marilyn French

"I believe that women have a capacity for understanding and compassion which man structurally does not have, does not have it because he cannot have it. He’s just incapable of it."
— Barbara Jordan; Former Congresswoman.

"Probably the only place where a man can feel really secure is in a maximum security prison, except for the imminent threat of release."
— Germaine Greer.

Nathan Howard
Nathan Howard

"Man-hating is everywhere, but everywhere it is twisted and transformed, disguised, tranquilized, and qualified. It coexists, never peacefully, with the love, desire, respect, and need women also feel for men. Always man-hating is shadowed by its milder, more diplomatic and doubtful twin, ambivalence."
— Judith Levine; Authoress

"Men’s sexuality is mean and violent, and men so powerful that they can ‘reach WITHIN women to ****/construct us from the inside out.’ Satan-like, men possess women, making their wicked fantasies and desires women’s own. A woman who has sex with a man, therefore, does so against her will, ‘even if she does not feel forced.’
— Judith Levine, (explicating comment profiling prevailing misandry.)

"I feel what they feel: man-hating, that volatile admixture of pity, contempt, disgust, envy, alienation, fear, and rage at men. It is hatred not only for the anonymous man who makes sucking noises on the street, not only for the rapist or the judge who acquits him, but for what the Greeks called philo-aphilos, ‘hate in love,’ for the men women share their lives with—husbands, lovers, friends, fathers, brothers, sons, coworkers."
— Judith Levine, Authoress of My Enemy, My love

"There are no boundaries between affectionate sex and slavery in (the male) world. Distinctions between pleasure and danger are academic; the dirty-laundrylist of ‘sex acts’…includes rape, foot binding, fellatio, intercourse, auto eroticism, incest, anal intercourse, use and production of pornography, cunnilingus, sexual harassment, and murder."
— Judith Levine; summarizing comment on the WAS document, (A southern Women’s Writing Collective: Women Against Sex.)

"All men are good for is ****ing, and running over with a truck".
Statement made by A University of Maine Feminist Administrator, quoted by Richard Dinsmore, who brought a successful civil suit against the University in the amount of $600,000. Richard had protested the quote; was dismissed thereafter on the grounds of harassment; and responded by bringing suit against the University 1995 settlement.

Robert Cox
Robert Cox

Delaney Nickerson, of the American Coalition for ABUSE AWARENESS, refers to the False Memory Syndrome Foundation as “The ****ing Molesters Society”. (Miami Herald, April 3, 1995) The ACAA is a lobbying group, which includes Ellen Bass (co-author of THE COURAGE TO HEAL), and Rene Frederickson, leading feminist psychotherapist and strong proponent of repressed memory theory.

"Women have their faults / men have only two: / everything they say / everything they do."
— Popular Feminist Graffiti

"I was, in reality, bred by my parents as my father’s concubine… What we take for granted as the stability of family life may well depend on the sexual slavery of our children. What’s more, this is a cynical arrangement our institutions have colluded to conceal.".
— Sylvia Fraser; Journalist

"We are taught, encouraged, moulded by and lulled into accepting a range of false notions about the family. As a source of some of our most profound experiences, it continues to be such an integral part of our emotional lives that it appears beyond criticism. Yet hiding from the truth of family life leaves women and children vulnerable."
— Canadian Panel on Violence Against Women.

Julian Diaz
Julian Diaz

"Catharine MacKinnon maintains that "the private is a sphere of battery, marital rape and women’s exploited labor." In this way, privacy and family are reduced to nothing more than aspects of the master plan, which is male domination. Democratic freedoms and the need to keep the state’s nose out of our personal affairs are rendered meaningless. The real reason our society cherishes privacy is because men have invented it as an excuse to conceal their criminality. If people still insist that the traditional family is about love and mutual aid—ideals which, admittedly, are sometimes betrayed—they’re "hiding from the truth." The family isn’t a place where battery and marital rape sometimes happen but where little else apparently does. Sick men don’t simply molest their daughters, they operate in league with their wives to "breed" them for that purpose."
— Donna Laframboise; The Princess at the Window; (in a critical explication of the Catharine MacKinnon, Gloria Steinhem et al tenets of misandric belief.)

"If the classroom situation is very heteropatriarchal—a large beginning class of 50 to 60 students, say, with few feminist students—I am likely to define my task as largely one of recruitment…of persuading students that women are oppressed"
— Professor Joyce Trebilcot of Washington University, as quoted in Who Stole Feminism: How Women Have Betrayed Women.

"Men, as a group, tend to be abusive, either verbally, sexually or emotionally. There are always the exceptions, but they are few and far between (I am married to one of them). There are different levels of violence and abuse and individual men buy into this system by varying degrees. But the male power structure always remains intact." —taken from Daphne Patai’s excellent critical work, Heterophobia

"Considering the nature and pervasiveness of men’s violence, I would say that without question, children are better off being raised without the presence of men. Assaults on women and children are mostly perpetrated by men whom they are supposed to love and trust: fathers, brothers, uncles, grandfathers, step-fathers." — taken from Daphne Patai’s excellent critical work, Heterophobia

"At Brandies I discovered Feminism. And I instantly became a convert… writing brilliant papers in my Myths of Patriarchy class, in which I likened my fate as a woman to other victims throughout the ages."
— Heather Hart 7

Jaxon Anderson
Jaxon Anderson

"The simple fact is that every woman must be willing to be identified as a lesbian to be fully feminist" (National NOW Times, January, 1988)

"Since marriage constitutes slavery for women, it is clear that the women’s movement must concentrate on attacking this institution. Freedom for women cannot be won without the abolition of marriage" (feminist leader Sheila Cronan)

In response to a question concerning China’s policy of compulsory abortion after the first child, Molly Yard responded, “I consider the Chinese government’s policy among the most intelligent in the world” (Gary Bauer, “Abetting Coercion in China,” The Washington Times, Oct. 10, 1989)

"Overthrowing capitalism is too small for us. We must overthrow the whole…patriarch!" (Gloria Steinem, radical feminist leader, editor of MS magazine)

"Marriage has existed for the benefit of men; and has been a legally sanctioned method of control over women…. We must work to destroy it. The end of the institution of marriage is a necessary condition for the liberation of women. Therefore it is important for us to encourage women to leave their husbands and not to live individually with men…. All of history must be re-written in terms of oppression of women. We must go back to ancient female religions like witchcraft" (from "The Declaration of Feminism," November, 1971)

"We are, as a sex, infinitely superior to men." — Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Xavier Davis
Xavier Davis

From ‘A feminist Dictionary; ed. Kramarae and Triechler, Pandora Press, 1985:

MALE:…represents a variant of or deviation from the category of female. The first males were mutants…the male sex represents a degeneration and deformity of the female.

MAN:…an obsolete life form… an ordinary creature who needs to be watched…a contradictory baby-man…

Nathan Taylor
Nathan Taylor

Here's the breakdown for US Foreign Aid planned for 2016:

US GLOBAL TOTAL AID:
$33,680,468,000

AFRICA ONLY:
$8,023,294,000

Morocco: 31,600,000
Algeria: 2,550,000
Tunisia: 134,400,000
Libya: 20,000,000
Egypt: 1,456,300,000
Sudan: 9,149,000
Chad: 300,000
Niger: 9,900,000
Western Sahara: 79,314,000
Mauritania: 2,384,000
Senegal: 102,251,000
Guinea: 23,740,000
Sierra Leone: 6,810,000
Liberia: 125,373,000
Cote d'Ivoire: 145,685,000
Ghana: 146,347,000
Mali: 118,395,000
Burkina Faso: 42,557,000
Togo: 200,000
Benin: 23,730,000
Nigeria: 607,498,000
Cameroon: 45,775,000
Gabon: 230,000
Central African Republic: 31,228,000

Levi Lee
Levi Lee

South Sudan: 265,022,000
Ethiopia: 403,883,000
Djibouti: 12,900,000
Somalia: 209,216,000
Kenya: 630,340,000
Uganda: 469,071,000
Democratic Rep. of the Congo: 277,618,000
Congo: 150,000
Tanzania: 590,552,000
Burundi: 43,785,000
Rwanda: 160,935,000
Zambia: 415,890,000
Angola: 50,449,000
Namibia: 43,663,000
Malawi: 201,813,000
Mozambique: 409,145,000
Zimbabwe: 161,566,000
Botswana: 46,329,000
South Africa: 374,200,000
Swaziland: 43,463,000
Lesotho: 47,588,000

Dylan Smith
Dylan Smith

Deserving Special Mention:
Jordan: $1,000,000,000
Israel: $3,100,000,000
West Bank: $442,000,000

beta.foreignassistance.gov/

B-But the Wall will be so expeeeeensive!

We're going to dump more than $500 million in tax-payer dollars into Tanzania this upcoming year - what have we gotten out of that?

Cost is meaningless in the context of building a wall.

Alexander Johnson
Alexander Johnson

We propose:

<1. A nation is an ethnic/racial entity/a thing of blood. A country is a civic entity/an organizational mechanism via which nations govern.

<2. A civic entity has a duty to defend, protect and pursue the prosperity of the nation, or ethnic demographic, which founded it, maintains it, or that holds it as their homeland generating such civic genesis, and over which it governs.

<3. As civic entities, the United States, Canada, Australian, the various European countries have a duty to defend, protect and pursue the prosperity of the various European nations - collectively referred to as 'The West' - which founded founded them, maintain them, or that holds them as their homeland generating such civic genesis, and over which they govern.

Aiden Lopez
Aiden Lopez

<4. The West, and the civic entities that govern it, has no duty whatsoever as regard the nations of foreign lands, or the civic entities that govern them, and should take no action thereupon which which would conflict with the duty of aforementioned governing civic entities established under Proposition 3, including but not limited to:
4.1: Jews (in Israel or in diaspora, religiously or ethnically)
4.2: Muslims (in the Middle East/SE Asia or in diaspora)
4.3: VHC (Variant Hominid Clade; various assorted, oft hostile, deficient and/or primitive, nations inhabiting foreign lands/countries and/or attempting entry to Western countries lands; including but not limited to: Africans, Middle Easterners/Indo-Europeans, Asiatics, Indios/Redskins, and/or hybrids of any of the aforementioned)
4.4: Christians (specfically and/or particularly those which also qualify under Proposition 4.3)

<5. Warring with foreign powers, on behalf of Western countries, particularly where for the purpose of imposing a given political order against the will of the sovereign government; or specifically, where otherwise not in accordance with the civic duties described under Propostions 1 through 4 toward the nation which the assumed civic entity governs, in a demonstrable and immediate sense - for example, in the case of modern (8/5/2017) Russia, Iran, North Korea, Syria, relative to national interests of The West - is wastefully destructive, ethically unsound, invariably treacherous, and/or could potentially represent an existential threat to life on the planet, and should generally be avoided if at all possible.

Robert Nelson
Robert Nelson

<6. Any civic entity which does not hold to the duties to national interest set forth in Propositions 1 through 5 is inherently illegitimate in its continued national governance; it being the civic duty of every citizen, and national duty of every individual, to pursue the proper function of governance as set forth in Propositions 1 through 5.

<7. There have not been, there are not now, nor will there ever be, any agent of the Jewish ethno-religious cabal, nor the Muslim ethno-religious cabal, which is beneficial in its existence as regards The West and the civic entities which govern it, particularly where in reference to such agents as act within the context, or the governing civic entities, of The West itself.
7.1: For consultation as regards accuracy of Proposition 7, see: Starship Troopers, Robert A. Heinlein, Chapter 6, "He had been droning on about value…"

<8. The Holocaust is a falsehood, which the Jewish people have profited from extensively, and which was implemented to this end, and further, to the end of serving Allied post-war propaganda purposes; and further still, there is no evidence to support the claim of Adolf Hitler being anything but a noble servant of the nation under his civic command, nor, in fact, that the German National Socialist government demonstrated any hostile intent beyond the requirements set forth in Propositions 1 through 5.

Dylan Perry
Dylan Perry

I try to participate every day, at-least once a month on strongholds like Voat and 8ch.
Im a Slav and I firmly Love and believe no matter what government or Whatever Rules over us, The Strength of the Slavic heart will never be broken.

Words are words But my Blood will never be tainted. You all have my word.
White Power Exists, it is Pure.

Kazakh Blood

Jaxon Rodriguez
Jaxon Rodriguez

Samefag.

Evan Rodriguez
Evan Rodriguez

INTRODUCTION
I IN this book is attempted for the first time the venture of predetermining history, of following the still untravelled stages in the destiny of a Culture, and specifically of the only Culture of our time and on our planet which is actually in the phase of fulfilment - the West-Europe an-American. Hitherto the possibility of solving a problem so far-reaching has evidently never been envisaged, and even if it had been so, the means of dealing with it were either altogether unsuspected or, at best, inadequately used. Is there a logic of history? Is there, beyond all the casual and incalculable elements of the separate events, something that we may call a metaphysical structure of historic humanity, something that is essentially independent of the outward forms - social, spiritual and political-which we see so clearly? Are not these actualities indeed secondary or derived from that something? Does world-history present to the seeing eye certain grand traits, again and again, with sufficient constancy to justify certain conclusions? And if so, what are the limits to which reasoning from such premisses may be pushed? Is it possible to find in life itself - for human history is the sum of mighty life-courses which already have had to be endowed with ego and personality, in customary thought and expression, by predicating entities of a higher order like" the Classical" or .. the Chinese Culture," .. Modern Civilization" - a series of stages which must be traversed, and traversed moreover in an ordered and obligatory sequence? For everything organic the notions of birth, death, youth, age, lifetime are fundamentals - may not these notions, in this sphere also, possess a rigorous meaning which no one has as yet extracted? In short, is all history founded upon general biographic archetypes? The decline of the West, which at first sight may appear, like the corresponding decline of the Classical Culture, a phenomenon limited in time and space, we now perceive to be a philosophical problem. that, when comprehended in all its gravity, includes within itself every great question of Being. H therefore we are to discover in what form the destiny of the Western . Culture will be accomplished, we must first be clear as to what culture is, what .its relations are to visible history, to life, to soul, to nature, to intellect, what the forms of its manifestation are and haw far these forms - peoples, tongues

Kayden Watson
Kayden Watson

and epochs, battles and ideas, states and gods, arts and craft-works, sciences, laws, economic types and world-ideas, great men and great events - may be accepted and pointed to as symbols.
n
The means whereby to identify dead forms is Mathematical Law. The means whereby to understand living forms is Analogy. By these means we are enabled to distinguish polarity and periodicity in the world. It is, and has always been, a matter vf knowledge that the expression-forms of world-history are limited in number, and that eras, epochs, situations, persons are ever repeating themselves true to type. Napoleon has hardly ever been discussed without a side-glance at Cresar and Alexander - analogies of which, as we shall see, the first is morphologically quite inacceptable and the second is correct - while Napoleon himself conceived of his situation as akin to Charlemagne's. The French Revolutionary Convention spoke of Carthage when it meant England, and the Jacobins styled themselves Romans. Other such comparisons, of all degrees of soundness and unsoundness, are those of Florence with Athens, Buddha with Christ, primitive Christianity with modern Socialism, the Roman financial magnate of Cresar's time with the Yankee. Petrarch, the first passionate archreologist (and is not archreology itself an expression of the sense that history is repetition?) related himself mentally to Cicero, and but lately Cecil Rhodes, the organizer of British South Africa, who had in his library specially prepared translations of the classical lives of the Cresars, felt himself akin to the Emperor Hadrian. The fated Charles XII of Sweden used to carry Quintus Cuttius's life of Alexander in his pocket, and to copy that conqueror was his deliberate purpose. Frederick the Great, in his political writings - such as his Considerations, I73S - moves among analogies with perfect assurance. Thus he compares the French to the Macedonians under Philip and the Germans to the Greeks. "Even now," he says, "the Thermopylre of Germany, Alsace and Lorraine, are in the hands of Philip," therein exactly characterizing the policy of Cardinal Fleury. We find him drawing parallels also between the policies of the Houses of Habsburg and Bourbon and the proscriptions of Antony and of Octavius. Still, all this was only fragmentary and arbitrary, and usually implied rather a momentary inclination to poetical or ingenious expressions than a .really deep sense of historical forms. Thus in the case of Ranke, a master of artistic analogy, we find that his parallels of Cyaxares and Henry the Fowler, of the inroads of the Cimmerians and those of the Hungarians, possess morphologically no significance, and his oft-quoted analogy between the Hellenic city-states and the Renaissance tepublics very little, while the deeper truth in his comparison of Alcibiades

Eli Butler
Eli Butler

and Napoleon is accidental. Unlike the strict mathematician, who finds inner relationships between two groups of differential equations where the layman sees nothing but dissimilarities of outward form, Ranke and others draw their historical analogies with a Plutarchian, popular-romantic, touch, and aim merely at presenting comparable scenes on the world-stage. It is easy to see that, at bottom, it is neither a principle nor a sense of historic necessity, but simple inclination, that governs the choice of the tableaux. From any technique of analogies we are far distant. They throng up (to-day more than ever) without scheme or unities, and if they do hit upon something which is true - in the essential sense of the word that remains to be determined it is thanks to luck, more rarely to instinct, never to a principle. In this region no one hitherto has set himself to work out a method, nor has had the slightest inkling that there is here a root, in fact the only root, from which can come a broad solution of the problems of History. Analogies, in so far as they laid bare the organic structure of history, might be a blessing to historical thought. Their technique, developing under the influence of a comprehensive idea, would surely eventuate in inevitable conclusions and logical mastery. But as hitherto understood and practised they have been a curse, for they have enabled the historians to follow their own tastes, instead of soberly realizing that their first and hardest task was concerned with the symbolism of history and its analogies, and, in consequence, the problem has till now not even been comprehended, let alone solved. Superficial in many cases (as for instance in designating Cresar as the creator of the official newspaper), these analogies are worse than superficial in others (as when phenomena of the Classical Age that are not only extremely complex but utterly alien to us are labelled with modern catchwords like Socialism, Impressionism, Capitalism, Clericalism), while occasionally they are bizarre to the point of perversity - witness the Jacobin clubs with their cult of Brutus, that millionaireextortioner Brutus who, in the name of oligarchical doctrine and with the approval of the patrician senate, murdered the Man of the Democracy.
III
Thus our theme, which originally comprised only the limited problem of present-day civilization, broadens itself into a new philosophy - the philosophy of the future, so far as the metaphysically-exhausted soil of the West can bear such, and in any case the only philosophy which is within the possibilities of the West-European mind in its next stages. It expands into the conception of a morphology of world history, of the world-as-history in contrast to the morphology of the world-as-nature that hitherto has been almost the only theme of philosophy. And it reviews once again the forms and movements of the world in their depths and final significance, but this time according to an entirely different ordering which groups them, not in an ensemble picture

Robert James
Robert James

inclusive of everything known, but in a picture of life, and presents them not as things-become, but as things-becoming. The world-as-history, conceived, viewed and given form from out of its opposite the world-as-nature - here is a new aspect of human existence on this earth. As yet, in spite of its immense significance, both practical and theoretical, this aspect has not been realized, still less presented. Some obscure inkling of it there may have been, a distant momentary glimpse there has often been, but no one has deliberately faced it and taken it in with all its implications. We have before us two possible ways in which man may inwardly possess and experience the world around him. With all rigour I distinguish (as to form, not substance) the organic from the mechanical world-impression, the content of _images from that of laws, the picture and symbol from the formula and the system, the instantly actual from the constantly possible, the intents and purposes of imagination ordering according to plan from the intents and purposes of experience dissecting according to scheme; and - to mention even thus early an opposition that has never yet been noted, in spite of its significance - the domain of chronological from that of mathematical number.1 Consequently, in a research such as that lying before us, there can be no question of taking spiritual-political events, as they become visible day by day on the surface, at their face value, and arranging them on a scheme of" causes ,. or .. effects" and following them up in the obvious and intellectually easy directions. Such a •. pragmatic" handling of history would be nothing but a piece of •• natural science" in disguise, and for their part, the supporters of the materialistic idea of history make no secret about it - it is their adversaries who largely fail to see the similarity of the two methods. What concerns us is not what the historical facts which appear at this or that time are, per se, but what they signify, what they point to, by appearing. Present-day historians think they are doing a work of supererogation in bringing in religious and social, or still more art-history, details to .. illustrate" the political sense of an epoch. But the decisive factor - decisive, that is, in so far as visible history is the expression, sign and embodiment of soul - they forget. I have not hitherto found one who has carefully considered the morphological relationship that inwardly binds together the expression-forms of alt branches of a Culture. who has gone beyond politics to grasp the ultimate and fundamental ideas of Greeks, Arabians, Indians and Westerners in mathematics, the meaning of their

Brandon Sanders
Brandon Sanders

early ornamentation, the basic forms of their architecture, philosophies, dramas and lyrics, their choice and development of great arts, the detail of their craftsmanship and choice of materials -let alone appreciated the decisive importance of these matters for the form-problems of history. Who amongst them realizes that between the Differential Calculus and the dynastic principle of politics in the age of Louis XIV, between the Classical city-state and the Euclidean geometry, between the space-perspective of Western oil-painting and the conquest of space by railroad, telephone and long-range weapon, between contrapuntal music and credit economics, there are deep uniformities? Yet, viewed from this morphological standpoint, even the humdrum facts of politics assume a symbolic and even a metaphysical character, and - what has perhaps been impossible hitherto - things such as the Egyptian administrative system, the Classical coinage, analytical geometry, the cheque, the Suez Canal, the bookprinting of the Chinese, the Prussian Army, and the Roman road-engineering can, as symbols, be made uniformly understandable and appreciable. But at once the fact presents itself that as yet there exists no theoryenlightened art of historical treatment. What passes as such draws its methods almost exclusively from the domain of that science which alone has completely disciplined the methods of cognition~ viz., physics,and thus we imagine ourselves to be carrying on historical research when we are really following out objective connexions of cause and effect. It is a remarkable fact that the oldfashioned philosophy never imagined even the possibility of there being any other relation than this between the conscious human understanding and the world outside. Kant, who in his main work established the formal rules of cognitipn, took nature only as the object of reason's activity, and neither he himself, nor anyone after him, noted the reservation. Knowledge, for Kant, is mathematical knowledge. He deals with innate intuition-forms and categories of the reason, but he never thinks of the wholly different mechanism by which historical impressions are apprehended. And Schopenhauer, who, significantly enough, retains but one of the Kantian categories, viz., causality, speaks contemptuously of history. 1 That there is, besides a necessity of cause and effect which I may call the logic of splICe - another necessity. an organic necessity in life, that of Destiny - the logic of time - is a fact of the deepest inward certainty, a fact which suffuses the whole of mythological religions and artistic thought and constitutes the essence and kernel of all history (in contradistinction to nature) but is unapproachable through the cognition-forms which the .. Critique of Pure Reason" investigates. This fact still awaits its theoretical formulation. As Galileo says in a famous passage of his Saggitltore, philosophy,

Jaxson Martin
Jaxson Martin

as Nature's great book, is written" in mathematical language." We await, to-day, the philosopher who will tell us in what language history is written and how it is to be read. Mathematics and the principle of Causality lead to a naturalistic, Chronology and the idea of Destiny to a historical ordering of . the phenomenal world. Both orderings, each on its own account, cover the whole world. The difference is only in the eyes by which and through which this world is realized.
IV
Nature is the shape in which the man of higher Cultures synthesizes and interprets the immediate impressions of his senses. History is that from which his imagination seeks comprehension of the living existence of the world in relation to his own life, which he thereby invests with a deeper reality. Whether he is capable of creating these shapes, which of them it is that dominates his waking consciousness, is a primordial problem of all human existence. Man, thus, has before him two possibilities of world-formation. But it must be noted, at the very outset, that these possibilities are not necessarily actualities, and if we are to enquire into the sense of all history we must begin by solving a question which has never yet been put, viz., for whom is there History? The question is seemingly paradoxical, for history is obviously for everyone to this extent, that every man, with his whole existence and consciousness, is a part of history. But it makes a great difference whether anyone lives under the constant impression that his life is an element in a far wider life-course that goes on for hundreds and thousands of years, or conceives of himself as something rounded off and self-contained. For the latter type of consciousness there is certaintly no world-history, no world-as-history. But how if the selfconsciousness of a whole nation, how if a whole Culture rests on this ahistoric spirit? How must actuality appear to it? The world? Life? Consider the Classical Culture. In the world-consciousness of the Hellenes all experience, not merely the personal but the common past, was immediately transmuted into a timeless, immobile, mythically-fashioned background for the particular momentary present; thus the history of Alexander the Great began even before his death to be merged by Classical sentiment in the Dionysus legend, and to Cresar there seemed at the least nothing preposterous in claiming descent from Venus. Such a spiritual condition it is practically impossible for us men of the West, with a sense of time-distances so strong that we habitually and unquestioningly speak of so many years before or after Christ, to reproduce in ourselves. But we are not on that account entitled, in dealing with the problems of History, simply to ignore the fact.

Blake Morgan
Blake Morgan

What diaries and autobiographies yield in respect of an individual, that historical research in the widest and most inclusive sense - that is, every kind of psychological comparison and analysis of alien peoples, times and customs yields as to the soul of a Culture as a whole. But the Classical culture possessed no memory, no organ of history in this special sense. The memory of the Classical man - so to call it, though it is somewhat arbitrary to apply to alien souls a notion derived from our own - is something different, since past and future, as arraying perspectives in the working consciousness, are absent and the "pure Present," which so often roused Goethe's admiration in every product of the Classical life and in sculpture particularly, fills that life with an intensity that to us is perfectly unknown. This pure Present, whose greatest symbol is the Doric column, in itself predicates the negation of time (of direction). For Herodotus and Sophocles, as for Themistocles or a Roman consul, the past is subtilized instantly into an impression that is timeless and. changeless, polar and not periodic in structure - in the last analysis, of such stuff as myths are made of - whereas for our worldsense and our inner eye the past is a definitely periodic and purposeful organism of centuries or millennia. But it is just this background which gives the life, whether it be the Classical or the Western. life, its special colouring. What the Greek called Kosmos was the image of a world that is not continuous but complete. Inevitably, then, the Greek man himself was not a series but a term.1 For this reason, although Classical man was well acquainted with the strict chronology and almanac-reckoning of the Babylonians and especially the Egyptians, and therefore with that eternity-sense and disregard of the presentas-such which revealed itself in their broadly-conceived operations of astronomy and their exact measurements of big time-intervals, none of this ever became intimately a part of him. What his philosophers occasionally told him on the subject they had heard, not experienced, and what a few brilliant minds in the Asiatic-Greek cities (such as Hipparchus and Aristarchus) discovered was rejected alike by the Stoic and by the Aristotelian, and outside a small professional circle' not even noticed. Neither Plato nor Aristotle had an observatory. In the last years of Pericles, the Athenian people passed a decree by which all who propagated astronomical theories were made liable to impeachment (elua.'Y'YeXLa.). This last was an act of the deepest symbolic significance, expressive of the determination of the Classical soul to banish distance, in every aspect, from its world-consciousness. As regards Classical history-writing, take Thucydides. The mastery of this man lies in his truly Classical power of making alive and self-explanatory the events of the present, and also in his possession of the magnificently practical

Jeremiah Carter
Jeremiah Carter

outlook of the born statesman who has himself been both general and administrator. In virtue of this quality of experience (which we unfortunately confuse with the historical sense proper), his work confronts the merely learned and professional historian as an inimitable model, and quite rightly so. But what is absolutely hidden from Thucydides is perspective, the power of surveying the history of centuries, that which for us is implicit in the very conception of a historian. The fine pieces of Classical history-writing are invariably those which set forth matters within the political present of the writer, whereas for us it is the direct opposite, our historical masterpieces without exception being those which deal with a distant past. Thucydides would have broken down in handling even the Persian Wars, let alone the general history of Greece, while that of Egypt would have been utterly out of his reach. He, as well as Polybius and Tacitus (who like him were practical politicians), loses his sureness of eye from the moment when, in looking backwards, he encounters motive forces in any form that is unknown in his practical experience. For Polybius even the First Punic War, for Tacitus even the reign of Augustus, are inexplicable. As for Thucydides, his lack of historical feeling - in our sense of the phrase - is conclusively demonstrated on the very first page of his book by the astounding statement that before his time (about 400 B.C.) no events of importance had occurred (ob JJ.eyIL)'a. 'YE1I~0'8a.L) in the world I 1 Consequently, Classical history down to the Persian Wars and for that matter the structure built up on traditions at much later periods, are the product of an essentially mythological thinking. The constitutional history of
1

Ayden Stewart
Ayden Stewart

Sparta is a poem of the Hellenistic period, and Lycurgus, on whom it centres and whose .. biography" we are given in full detail, was probably in the beginning an ~mportant local god of Mount Taygetus. The invention of pre-Hannibalian Roman history was still going on even in C:esar's time. The story of the expulsion of the Tarquins by Brutus is built round some contemporary of the Censor Appius Claudius (JIO B.C..). The names of the Roman kings were at that period made up from the names of certain plebeian families which had become wealthy (K. J. Neumann). In the sphere of constitutional history, setting aside altogether the .. constitution" of Servius Tullius, we find that even the famous land law of Licinius (367 B.C.) was not in existence at the time of the Second Punic War (B. Niese). When Epaminondas gave freedom and statehood to the Messenians and the Arcadians,· these peoples prompdy provided themselves with an early history. But the astounding thing is not that history of this sort was produced, but that there was practically none of any other sort; and the opposition between the Classical and the modern oudook is sufficiendy illustrated by saying that Roman history before 2.50 B.C., as known in C:esar's time, was substantially a forgery, and that -the litde that we know has been established by ourselves and was entirely unknown to the later Romans. In what sense the Classical world understood the word .. history" we can see from the fact that the Alexandrine romanceliterature exercised the strongest influence upon serious political and religious history, even as regards its matter, It never entered the Classical head to draw any . distinction of principle between history as a story and history as documents. When, towards the end of the Roman republic, Varro set out to stabilize the religion that was fast vanishing from the people's consciousness, he classified the deities whose cult WIlS eXllctly IlnJ minutely ohsmJed hy the Stllte, into .. certain" and .. uncertain" gods, i.e., into gods of whom something was still known and gods that, in spite of the unbroken continuity of official worship, had survived in name only. In actual fact, the religion of Roman society in Varro's time, the poet's religion which Goethe and even Nietzsche reproduced in all innocence, was mainly a product of Hellenistic literature and had almost no relation to the ancient practices, which no one any longer understood, Mommsen clearly defined the West-European attitude towards this history when he said that" the Roman historians," meaning especially Tacitus, .. were men who said what it would have been meritorious to omit, and omitted what it was essential to say." . In the Indian Culture we have the perfecdy ahistoric soul. Its decisive expression is the Brahman Nirvana. There is no pure Indian astronomy, no calendar, and therefore no history so far as history is the track of a conscious spiritual evolution. Of the visible course of their Culture, which as regards its organic phase came to an end with the rise of Buddhism, we know even less than we do of Classical history, rich though it must have been in great events

Justin Hill
Justin Hill

between the nth and 8th centuries. And this is not surprising, since it was in dream-shapes and mythological figures that both came to be fixed. It is a full millennium after Buddha, about.5oo A.D., when Ceylon first produces something remotely resembling historical work, the •• Mahavansa.·· The world-consciousness of Indian man was so ahistorically built that it could not even treat the appearance of a book written by a single author as an event determinate in time. Instead of an organic series of writings by specific persons, there came into being gradually a vague mass of texts into which everyone inserted what he pleased, and notions such as those of intellectual individualism, intellectual evolution, intellectual epochs, played no part in the matter. It is in this anonymous form that we possess the Indian philosophy which is at the same time all the Indian history that we have - and it is instructive to compare with it the philosophy-history of the West, which is a perfectly definite structure made up of individual books and personalities. Indian man forgot everything, but Egyptian man forgot nothing. Hence, while the art of portraiture - which is biography in the kernel - was unknown in India, in Egypt it was practically the artist's only theme. The Egyptian soul, conspicuously historical in its texture and impelled with primitive passion towards the infinite, perceived past and future as its u'hole world, and the present (which is identical with waking consciousness) appeared to him simply as the narrow common frontier of two immeasurable stretches. The Egyptian Culture is an embodiment of care - which is the spiritual counterpoise of distance - care for the future expressed in the choice of granite or basalt as the craftsman's materials,l in the chiselled archives, in the elaborate administrative system, in the net of irrigation works/' and, necessarily bound up therewith, care for the past. The Egyptian mummy is a symbol of the first importance. The body of the dead man was made everlasting, just as his personality, his .. Ka," was immortalized through the portrait

Andrew Russell
Andrew Russell

statuettes, which were often made in many copies and to which it was conceived to be attached by a transcendental likeness. There is a deep relation between the attitude that is taken towards the historic past and the conception that is formed of death, and this relation is expressed in the disposal of the dead. The Egyptian denied mortality, the Classical man affirmed it in the whole symbolism of his Culture. The Egyptians embalmed even their history in chronological dates and figures. From pre-Solonian Greece nothing has been handed down, not a year-date, not a true name, not a tangible event - with the consequence that the later history, (which alone we know) assumes undue importance - but for Egypt we possess, from the 3rd millennium and even earlier, the names and even the exact reigndates of many of the kings, and the New Empire must have had a complete knowledge of them. To-day, pathetic symbols of the will to endure, the bodies of the great Pharaohs lie in our museums, their faces still recognizable. On the shining, polished-granite peak of the pyramid of Amenemhet ill we can read to-day the words .. Amenemhet looks upon the beauty of the Sun" and, on the other side, •• Higher is the soul of Amenemhet than the height of Orion, and it is united with the underworld." Here indeed is victory over Mortality and the mere present; it is to the last degree un-Classical.

Eli Clark
Eli Clark

mythical, of the same kind as the typical biographies of Plutarch's sort. No great Greek ever wrote down any recollections that would serve to fix a phase of experience for his innereye. Not even Socrates ·has told, regarding his inward life, anything important in our sense of the word. It is· questionable indeea whether for a Classical mind it was. even possible to react to the motive forces that are presupposed in the production of a Parzeval, a Hamlet, or a Werther. In Plato we fail to observe any conscious evolution of doctrine; his separate works are merely treatises written from very different standpoints which he took up from time to time, and it gave him no concern whether and how they hung together. On the contrary, a work of deep self-examination, the Vita NuofJa of Dante, is found at the very outset of the spiritual history of the West. How little therefore of the Classical pure-present there really was in Goethe, the man who forgot nothing. the man whose works. as he avowed himself, are only fragments of a single great confessionl Mter the destruction of Athens by the Persians, all the older art-works were thrown on the dustheap (whence we are now extracting them), and we do not hear that anyone in Hellas ever troubled himself about the ruins of Mycena: or Phaistos for the purpose of ascertaining historical facts. Men read Homer but never thought of excavating the hill of Troy as Schliemann did; for what they wanted was myth, not history. The works of lEschylus and those of the preSocratic philosophers were already partially lost in the Hellenistic period. In the West, on the contrary, the piety inherent in and peculiar to the Culture manifested itself, five centuries before Schliemann, in Petrarch - the fine collector of antiquities, coins and manuscripts, the very type of historicallysensitive man, viewing the distant past and scanning the distant prospect (was he not the first to attempt an Alpine peak?), living in his time, yet essentially not of it. The soul of the collector is intelligible only by having regard to his conception of Time. Even more passionate perhaps, though of a different colouring, is the collecting-bent of the Chinese. In China, whoever travels assiduously pursues .. old traces" (Ku-tsi) and the untranslatable .. Tao," the basic principle of Chinese existence, derives all its meaning from a deep historical feeling. In the Hellenistic period, objects were indeed collected and displayed everywhere, but they were curiosities of mythological appeal (as described by Pausanias) as to which questions of date or purpose simply did not arise - and this too in the very presence of Egypt, which even by the time of the great Thuthmosis had been transformed into one vast museum of strict tradition. Amongst the Western peoples, it was the Germans who discovered the mechanical clock, the dread symbol of the flow of time, and the chimes of countless clock towers that echo day and night over West Europe are . perhaps the most wonderful expression of which a historical world-feeling is

Parker Wilson
Parker Wilson

capable.1 In the timeless countrysides and cities of the Classical world, we find nothing of the sort. Till the epoch of Pericles, the time of day was estimated merely by the length of shadow, and it was only from that of Aristotle that the word CJpa received the (Babylonian) significance of .. hour"; prior to that there was no exact subdivision of the day. In Babylon and Egypt water-clocks and sun-dials were discovered in the very early stages, yet in Athens it was left to Plato to introduce a practically useful form of clepsydra, and this was merely a minor adjunct of everyday utility which could not have influenced the Classical life-feeling in the smallest degree. It remains still to mention the corresponding difference, which is very deep and has never yet been properly appreciated, between Classical and modem mathematics. The former conceived of things as they are, as magnitudes, timeless and purely present, and so it proceeded to Euclidean geometry and mathematical statics, rounding off its intellectual system with the theory of conic sections. We conceive things as they hecome and hehave, as function, and this brought us to dynamics, analytical geometry and thence to the Differential Calculus.2 The modern theory of functions is the imposing marshalling of this whole mass of thought. It is a bizarre, but nevertheless psychologically exact, fact that the physics of the Greeks - being statics and not dynamics - neither knew the use nor felt the absence of the time-element, whereas we on the other hand work in thousandths of a second. The one and only evolution-idea that is timeless, ahistoric, is Aristotle's entelechy. This, then, is our task. We men of the Western Culture are, with our historical sense, an exception and not a rule. World-history is our world picture and not all mankind's. Indian and Classical man formed no image of a world in progress, and perhaps when in due course the civilization of the West is extinguished, there will never again be a Culture and a human type in which "world-history" is so potent a form of the waking consciousness.
VI
What, then, is world-history? Certainly, an ordered presentation of the past, an inner postulate, the expression of a capacity for feeling form. But a feeling for form, however definite, is not the same as form itself. No doubt we feel world-history, experience it, and believe that it is to be read just as a map is

Luke Reed
Luke Reed

read. But, even to-day, it is only forms of it that we know and not thl form of it, which is the mirror-image of our own inner life. Everyone of course, if asked, would say that he saw the inward form of History quite clearly and definitdy. The illusion subsists because no one has seriously reflected on it, still less conceived doubts as to his own knowledge, for no one has the slightest notion how wide a fidd for doubt there is. In fact, the Illy-out of world-history is an unproved and subjective notion that has been handed down from generation to generation (not only of laymen but of professional historians) and stands badly in need of a little of that scepticism which from Galileo onward has regulated and deepened our inborn ideas of nature. Thanks to the subdivision of history into "Ancient," "Medireval" and .. Modern" - an incredibly jejune and millninglus scheme, which has, however, entirdy dominated our historical thinking - we have failed to perceive the true position in the general history of higher mankind, of the little part-world which has developed on West-European 1 soil from the time of the GermanRoman Empire, to judge of its rdative importance and above all to estimate its direction. The Cultures that are to come will find it difficult to bdieve that the validity of such a scheme with its simple rectilinear progression and its meaningless proportions, becoming more and more preposterous with each century, incapable of bringing into itsdf the new fidds of history as they successivdy come into the light of our knowledge, was, in spite of all, neverwhole-heartedly attacked. The criticisms that it has long been the fashion of historical researchers to levd at the scheme mean nothing; they have only obliterated the one existing plan without substituting for it any other. To toy with phrases such as "the Greek Middle Ages" or "Germanic antiquity" does not in the least help us to form a clear and inwardly-convincing picture in which China and Mexico, the empire ofAxum and that of the Sassanids have their proper places. And the expedient of shifting the initial point of "modern history"

Mason Young
Mason Young

from the Crusades to the Renaissance, or from the Renaissance to the beginning of the I9th Century, only goes to show that the scheme per se is regarded as un~ shakably sound. It is not only that the scheme circumscribes the area of history. What is worse, it rigs the stage. The ground of West Europe is treated as a steady pole, a unique patch chosen on the surface of the sphere for no better reason, it seems, than because we live on it - and great histories of millennial duration and mighty Jar-away Cultures are made to revolve around this pole in all modesty. It is a quaintly conceived system of sun and planets! We select a single bit of ground as the natural centre of the historical system, and make it the central sun. From it all the events of history receive their real light, from it their importance is judged in perspective. But it is in our own West-European conceit alone that this phantom "world-history," which a breath of scepticism would dissipate, is acted out. We have to thank that conceit for the immense optical illusion (become natural from long habit) whereby distant histories of thousands of years, such as those of China and Egypt, are made to shrink to the dimensions of mere episodes while in the neighbourhood of our own position the decades since Luther, and particularly since Napoleon, loom large as Brocken-spectres. We know quite well that the slowness with which a high cloud or a tail way train in the distance seems to move is only apparent, yet we believe that the tempo of all early Indian, Babylonian or Egyptian history was really slower than that of our own recent past. And we think of them as less substantial, more damped~ down, more diluted, because we have not learned to make the allowance for (inward and outward) distances. It is self-evident that for the Cultures of the West the existence of Athens; Florence or Paris is more important than that of Lo-Yang or Pataliputra. But is it permissible to found a scheme of world-history on estimates of such a sort? If so, then the Chinese historian is quite entitled to frame a world~history in which the Crusades, the Renaissance, Cresar and Frederick the Great are passed over in silence as insignificant. How, from the morphological point of view, should our I8th Century be more important than any other of the sixty centuries that preceded it? Is it not ridiculous to oppose a .. modern" history of a few cen~ turies, and that history to all intents localized in West Europe, to an •• ancient" history which covers as many millennia - incidentally dumping into that .. ancient history" the whole mass of the pre-Hellenic cultures, unprobed and unordered, as mere appendix-matter? This .is no exaggeration. Do we not, for the sake of keeping the hoary scheme, dispose of Egypt and Babylon - each as an individual and self-contained history quite equal in the balance to our so~ called "world-history" from Charlemagne to the World-War and well beyond it .-as a prelude to classical history? Do we not relegate the vast complexes of Indian and Chinese culture to foot-notes, with a gesture of embarrassment?

James Flores
James Flores

As for the great American cultures, do we not, on the ground that they do not •• fit in' , (with what?), entirely ignore them? The most appropriate designation for this current West-European scheme of history, in which the great Cultures are made to follow orbits round tu as the presumed centre of all world-happenings, is the Ptolemaic system of history. The system that is put forward in this work in place of it I regard as the Cop"… ni,an disf:(JfJety in the historical sphere, in that it admits no sort of privileged position to the Classical or the Western Culture as against the Cultures of India; Babylon, China, Egypt, the Arabs, Mexico - separate worlds of dynamic being which in point of mass count for just as much in the general picture of history as the Classical, while frequently surpassing it in point of spiritual greatness and soaring power.
VII
The scheme II ancient-media:val-modern" .in its first form was a creation of the Magian world-sense. It first appeared in the Persian and Jewish religions after CyruS,l received an apocalyptic sense in the teaching of the Book of Daniel' on the four world-eras, and was developed into a world-history in the postChristian religions of the East, notably the Gnostic systems. 2 This important conception, within the very narrow limits which fixed its intellectual basis, was unimpeachable. Neither I~dian nor even Egyptian history was included in the scope of the proposition. For the Magian thinker the expression ~'world-history" meant a unique and supremely dramatic act, having as its theatre the lands between Hellas and Persia, in which the strictly dualistic world-sense of the East expressed itself not by means of polar conceptions like the II soul and spirit," II good and evil" of contemporary metaphysics, but by the figure of a catastrophe, an epochal change of phase between world-creation and world-decay. 3 No elements 1?eyond those which we find stabilized in the Classical literature, on the one hand, and the Bible (or other sacred book of the particular system), on the other, came into the picture, which presents (as liThe Old" and liThe New," respectively) the easily-grasped contrasts of Gentile and Jewish, Christian and Heathen, Classical and Oriental, idol and dogma, nature and spirit with a time ,onnotation - that is, as a drama in which the one prevails over the other. The historical change of period wears the characteristic dress of the religious II Redemption." This II world-history" in short was a conception narrow and provincial, but within its limits logical and complete. Necessarily, therefore, it was specific to this region and this humanity, and incapable of any natural extension.

Carson Cook
Carson Cook

But to these two there has been added a third epoch, the epoch that we call "modern," on West,ern soil, and it is this that for the first time gives the picture of history the look of a progression. The oriental picture was III resl. It presented a self-contained antithesis, with equilibrium as its outcome and a unique divine act as its turning-point. But, adopted and assumed by a wholly new type of mankind, it was quickly transformed (without anyone's noticing the oddity of the change) into a conception of a tinear progress: from Homer or Adam - the modern can substitute for these names the Indo-German, Old Stone Man, or the Pithecanthropus - through Jerusalem, Rome, Florence and Paris according to the taste of the individual historian, thinker or artist. who has unlimited freedom in the interpretation of the three-part scheme. This third term, "modern times," which in form asserts that it is the last and conclusive term of the series, has in fact, ever since the Crusades, been stretched and stretched again to the elastic limit at which it will bear no more.1 It was at least implied if not stated in so many words, that here, beyond the ancient and the media:val, something definitive was beginning, a Third Kingdom in which, somewhere. there was to be fulfilment and culmination, and which had an objective point. As to what this objective point is, each thinker, from Schoolman to presentday Socialist, backs his own peculiar discovery. Such a view into the course of taings may be both easy and flattering to the patentee, but in fact he has simply taken the spirit of the West, as reflected in his own brain, for the meaning of the world. So it is that great thinkers, making a metaphysical virtue of intellectual necessity, have not only accepted without serious investigation the scheme of history agreed "by common consent" but have made of it the basis of their philosophies and dragged in God as author of this or that "world-plan." Evidently the mystic number three applied to the world:-ages has something highly seductive for the metaphysician's taste. History was described by Herder as the education of the human race, by Kant as an evolution of the idea of freedom, by Hegel as a self-expansion of the world-spirit, by others in other terms, but as regards its ground-plan everyone was quite satisfied when he had thought out some abstract meaning for the conventional threefold order.' On the very threshold of the Western Culture we meet the great Joachim of Floris (c. II45-12.02.),2 the first thinker of the Hegelian stamp who shattered the dualistic world-form of Augustine, and with his essentially Gothic intellect stated the new Christianity of his time in the form of a third term to the religions of the Old and the New Testaments, expressing them respectively as the Age of the Father, the Age of the Son and the Age of the Holy Ghost. His

Austin Cruz
Austin Cruz

teaching moved the best of the Franciscans and the Dominicans, Dante, Thomas Aquinas, in their inmost souls and awakened a world-outlook which slowly but surely took entire possession of the historical sense of our Culture. Lessing - who often designated his own period, with reference to the Classical as the .. after-world "I (Nachwelt) - took his idea of the .. education of the human race" with its three stages of child, youth and man, from the teaching of the Fourteenth Century mystics. Ibsen treats it with thoroughness in his Emperor and Galilean (1873), in which he directly presents the Gnostic world-conception through the figure of the wizard Maximus, and advances not a step beyond it in his famous Stockholm address of 1887. It would appear, then, that the Western consciousness feels itself urged to predicate a sort of finality inherent in its own appearance. But the creation of the Abbot of Floris was a mystical glance into the secrets of the divine world-order. It was bound to lose all meaning as soon as it was used in the way of reasoning and made a hypothesis of scientific thinking, as it has been - ever more and more frequently - since the 17th Century. It is a quite indefensible method of presenting world-history to begin by giving rein to one's own religious, political or social convictions and endowing the sacrosanct three-phase system with tendencies that will bring it exactly to one's own standpoint. This is, in effect, making of some formula - say, the .. Age of Reason," Humanity, the greatest happiness of the greatest number, enlightenment, economic progress, national freedom, the conquest of nature, or world-peace - a criterion whereby to judge whole millennia of history. And so we judge that they were ignorant of the" true path," or that they failed to follow it, when the fact is simply that their will and purposes were not the same as ours. Goethe's saying, "What is important in life is life and not a result of life," is the answer to any and every senseless attempt to solve the riddle of historical form by means of a programme. It is the same picture that we find when we turn to the historians of each special art or science (and those of national economics and philosophy as well). We find: .. Painting" from the Egyptians (or the cave-men) to the Impressionists, or .. Music" from Homer to Bayreuth and beyond, or .. Social Organization" from Lake Dwellings to Socialism, as the case may be, presented as a linear graph which steadily rises in conformity with the values of the (selected) arguments. No one has seriously considered the possibility that arts may have an allotted span of life and may be attached as forms of self-expression to particular regions and particular types of mankind, anq that therefore the total history of an art may be merely an additive compilation

Kevin Wilson
Kevin Wilson

of separate developments, of special arts, with no bond of union save the name and some details of craft-technique. We know it to be true of every organism that the rhythm, form and duration of its life, and all the expression-details of that life as well, are determined by the properties of its species. No one, looking at the oak, with its millenniallife, dare say that it is at this moment, now, about to start on its true and proper course. No one as he sees a caterpillar grow day by day expects that it will go on doing so for two or three years. In these cases we feel, with an unqualified certainty, a limit, and this sense of the limit is identical with our sense of the inward form. In the Case of higher human history, on the contrary, we take our ideas as to the course of the future from an unbridled optimism that sets at naught all historical, i.e., organic, experience, and everyone therefore sets himself to discover in the accidental present terms that he can expand into some striking progression-series, the existence of which rests not on scientific proof but on predilection. He works upon unlimited possibilities - never a natural end —, and from the momentary top-course of his bricks plans artlessly the continuation of his structure. "Mankind," however, has no aim, no idea, no plan, any more than the family of butterflies or orchids. •. Mankind" is a zoological expression, or an empty word.1 But conjure away the phantom, break the magic circle, and at once there emerges an astonishing wealth of actual forms - the Living with all its immense fullness, depth and movement - hitherto veiled by a catchword, a dryasdust scheme, and a set of personal" ideals." I see, in place of that empty figment of one linear history which can only be kept up by shutting one's eyes to the overwhelming multitude of the facts, the dr<!1l1a of a number of mighty Cultures, each springing with primitive strength from the soil of a motherregion to which it remains firinly bound throughout its whole life-cycle; each stamping its material, its mankind, in its own image; each having its own idea, its own passions, its own life, will and feeling, its own death. Here indeed are colours, lights, movements, that no intellectual eye has yet discovered. Here the Cultures, peoples, languages, truths, gods, landscapes bloom and age as the oaks and the stone-pines, the blossoms, twigs and leaves - but there is no ageing "Mankind." Each Culture has its own new possibilities of self-expression which arise, ripen, decay, and never return. There is not one sculpture, one painting, one mathematics, one physics, but many, each in its deepest essence different from the others, each limited in duration and self-contained, just as each species of plant has its peculiar blossom or fruit, its special type of growth and decline. These cultures, sublimated life-essences, grow with the same superb aimlessness as the flowers of the field. They belong, like the plants and the animals, to the living Nature of Goethe, and not to the dead Nature of Newton. I see world

Gavin Murphy
Gavin Murphy

history as a picture of endless formations and transformations, of the marvellous waxing and waning of organic forms. The professional historian, on the contrary, sees it as a sort of tapeworm industriously adding on to itself one epoch after another. But the series" ancient-medireval-modern history" has at last exhausted its usefulness. Angular, narrow, shallow though it was as a scientific foundation, still we possessed no other form that was not wholly unphilosophical in which our data could be arranged, and world-history (as hitherto understood) has to thank it for filtering our classifiable solid residues. But the number of centuries that the scheme can by any stretch be made to cover has long since been exceeded, and with the rapid increase in the volume of our hi.storical material especially of material that cannot possibly be brought under the scheme - the picture is beginning to dissolve into a chaotic blur. Every historical student who is not quite blind knows and feels this, and it is as a drowning man that he clutches at the only scheme which he knows of. The word .. Middle Age," 1 invented in 1667 by Professor Hom of Leyden, has to-day to cover a formless and constantly extending mass which can only be defined, negatively, as every thing not classifiable under any pretext in one of the other two (tolerably wellordered) groups. We have an excellent example of this in our feeble treatment and hesitant judgment of modern Persian, Arabian and Russian history. But, above all, it has become impossible to conceal the fact that this so-called history of the world is a limited history, first of the Eastern Mediterranean region and then, - with an abrupt change of scene at the Migrations (an event important only to us and therefore greatly exaggerated by ~s, an event of purely Western and not even Arabian significance), -of West-Central Europe. When Hegel declared so naively that he meant to ignore those peoples which did not fit into his scheme of history, he was only making an honest avowal of methodic premisses that every historian finds necessary for his purpose and every historical work shows in its lay-out. In fact it has now become an affair of scientific tact to determine which of the historical developments shall be seriously taken into account and which not. Ranke is a good example.
VIII To-day we think in continents, and it is only our philosophers and historians who have not realized that we do so. Of what significance to us, then, are conceptions and purviews that they put before us as universally valid, when in truth their furthest horizon does not extend beyond the intellectual atmosphere of Western Man? Examine, from this point of view, our best books. When Plato speaks of

Angel Brown
Angel Brown

humanity, he means the Hellenes in contrast to the barbarians, which is entirely consonant with the ahistoric mode of the Classical life and thought, and his premisses take him to conclusions that for Greeks were complete and significant. When, however, Kant philosophizes, say on ethical ideas, he maintains the validity of his theses for men of all times and places. He does not say this in so many words, for, for himself and his readers, it is something that goes without saying. In his resthetics he formulates the principles, not of Phidias's art, or Rembrandt's art, but of Art generally. But what he poses as necessary forms of thought are in reality only necessary forms of Western thought, though a glance at Aristotle and his essentially different conclusions should have sufficed to show that Aristotle's intellect, not less penetrating than his own, was of different structure from it. The categories of the Westerner are just as alien to Russian thought as those of the Chinaman or the ancient Greek are to him. For us, the effective and complete comprehension of Classical root-words is just as impossible as that of Russian 1 and Indian, and for the modern Chinese or Arab, with their utterly different intellectual constitutions, "philosophy from Bacon to Kant" has only a curiosity-value. It is this that is lacking to the Western thinker, the very thinker in whom we might have expected to find it - insight into the historicfllty relfltive character of his data, which are expressions of one speciftcexistence find one only; knowledge of the necessary limits of their validity; the conviction that his "unshakable" truths and .. eternal" views are simply true for him and eternal for his world-view; the duty of looking beyond them to find out what the men of other Cultures have with equal certainty evolved out of themselves. That and nothing else will impart completeness to the philosophy of the future, and only through an understanding of the living world shall we understand the symbolism of history. Here there is nothing constant, nothing universal. We must cease to speak of the forms of "Thought," the principles of "Tragedy," the mission of "The State." Universal validity involves always the fallacy of arguing from particular to particular. But something much more disquieting than a logical fallacy begins to appear when the centre of gravity of philosophy shifts from the abstract-systematic to the practical-ethical and our Western thinkers from Schopenhauer onward turn from the problem of cognition to the problem of life (the . will to life, to power, to action). Here it is not the 'ideal abstract .. man" of Kant that is subjected to examination, but actual man as he has inhabited the earth during historical time, grouped, whether primitive or advanced, by peoples; and it is more than ever futile to define the structure of his highest ideas in terms of the .. ancient-medireval-modern" scheme with its locallimita.tions. But it is done, nevertheless.

Ian Cook
Ian Cook

Consider the historical horizon of Nietzsche. His conceptions of decadence, militarism, the transvaluation of all values, the will to power, lie deep in the essence of Western civilization and are for the analysis of that civilization of decisive importance. But what, do we find, was the foundation on which he built up his creation? Romans and Greeks, Renaissance and European present, with a fleeting and uncomprehending side-glance at Indian philosophy'- in short" ancient, media::val and modern" history. Strictly speaking, he never once moved outside the scheme, not did any other thinker of his time. What correlation, then, is there or can there be of his idea of the .• Dionysian" with the inner life of a highly-civilized Chinese or an up-to-date American? What is the significance of his type of the •• Superman" - for the world of Islam? Can image-forming antitheses of Nature and Intellect, Heathen and Christian, Classical and Modern, have any meaning for the soul of the Indian or the Russian? What can Tolstoi - who from the depths of his humanity rejected the whole Western world-idea as something alien and distant - do with the "Middle Ages," with Dante, with Luther? What can a Japanese do with Parzeval and .. Zarathustra," or an Indian with Sophocles? And is the thought-range of Schopenhauer, Comte, Feuerbach, Hebbel or Strindberg any wider? Is not their whole psychology, for all its intention of world-wide validity, one of purely West-European significance? How comic seem Ibsen's woman-problems - which also challenge the attention of all "humanity" - when, for his famous Nora, the lady of the North-west European city with the horizon that is implied by a house-rent of £100 to £300 a year and a Protestant upbringing, we substitute Ca::sar's wife, Madame de Sevigne, a Japanese or a Turkish peasant woman! But, for that matter, Ibsen's own circle of vision is that of the middle class in a great city of yesterday and to-day. His conflicts, which start from spiritual premisses that did not exist till about 1850 and can scarcely last beyond 1950, are neither those of the great world nor those of the lower masses, still less those of the cities inhabited by non-European populations. All these are local and temporary values - most of them indeed limited to the momentary" intelligentsia" of cities of West-European type. Worldhistorical or "eternal" values they emphatically are not. Whatever the substantial importance of Ibsen's and Nietzsche's generation may be, it infringes the very meaning of the word "world-history" - which denotes the totality and not a selected part - to subordinate, to undervalue, or·to ignore the factors which lie outside "modern" interests. Yet in fact they are so undervalued or ignored to an amazing extent. What the West has said and thought, hitherto. on the problems of space, time, motion, number, will, marriage, property, tragedy, science, has remained narrow and dubious, because men were always looking for the solution of the question. It was never seen that many questioners implies many answers, that any philosophical question is really a veiled desire

Thomas Martinez
Thomas Martinez

to get an explicit affirmation of what is implicit in the question itself, that the great questions of apy period are fluid beyond all conception, and that therefore it is only by obtaining a group of historically limited solutions and measuring it by utterly impersonal criteria that the final secrets can be reached. The real student of mankind treats no standpoint as absolutely right or absolutely wrong. In the face of such grave problems as that of Time or that of Marriage, it is insufficient to appeal to personal experience, or an inner voice, or reason, or the opinion of ancestors or contemporaries. These may say what is true for the questioner himself and for his time, but that is not all. In other Cultures the phenomenon talks a different language, for other men there are different truths. The thinker must admit the validity of all, or of none. How greatly, then, Western world-criticism can be widened and deepened I How immensely far beyond the innocent relativism of Nietzsche and his generation one must look - how fine one's sense for form and one's psychological insight must become - how completely one must free oneself from limitations of self, of practical interests, of horizon - before one dare assert the pretension to understand world-history, the world-as-history.
IX
In opposition to all these arbitary and narrow schemes, derived from tradition or personal choice, into which history is forced, I put forward the natural, the" Copernican," form of the historical process which lies deep in the essence of that process and reveals itself only to an eye perfectly free from prepossessions. Such an eye was Goethe's. That which Goethe called Living Nature is exactly that which we are calling here world-history, world-as-history. Goethe, who as artist portrayed the life and development, always the life and development, of his figures, the thing-becoming and not the thing-become (,'Wilhelm Meister" and .. Wahrheit und Dichtung ") hated Mathematics. For him, the world-as-mechanism stood opposed to the world-as-organism, dead nature to living nature, law to form. As naturalist, every line he wrote was meant to display the image of a thing-becoming, the .. impressed form" living and developing. Sympathy, observation, comparison, immediate and inward certainty, intellectual flair - these were the means whereby he was enabled to approach the secrets of the phenomenal world in motion. Now these are the means of historical research - precisely these and no others. It was this godlike insight that prompted him to say at the bivouac fire on the evening of the Battle of Valmy: "Here and now begins a new epoch of world history, and you, gentlemen, can say that you 'were there.''' No general, no diplomat, let alone the philosophers, ever so directly felt history .. becoming." It is the deepest judgment that any man ever uttered about a great historical act in the moment of its accomplishment. And just as he followed out the development of the plant-form from the leaf.

Christopher Torres
Christopher Torres

the birth of the vertebrate type, the process of the geological strata - th, Destiny in nature and not the Causality - so here we shall develop the formlanguage of human history, its periodic structure, its organic logic out of the profusion of all the challenging details. In other aspects, mankind is habitually, and rightly, reckoned as one of the organisms of the earth's surface. Its physical structure, its natural functions, the whole phenomenal conception of it, all belong to a more comprehensive unity. Only in this aspect is it treated otherwise, despite that deeply-felt relationship of plant destiny and human destiny which is an eternal theme of all lyrical poetry, and despite that similarity of human history to that of any other of the higher life-groups which is the refrain of endless beast-legends, sagas and fables. But only bring analogy to bear on this aspect as on the rest, letting the world of human Cultures intimately and unreservedly work upon the imagination instead of forcing it in'to a ready-made scheme. Let the words youth, growth, maturity, decay - hitherto, and to-day more than ever, used to express subjective valuations and entirely personal preferences in sociology, ethics and resthetics - be taken at last as objective descriptions of organic states. Set forth the Classical Culture as a self-contained phenomenon embodying and expressing the Classical soul, put it beside the Egyptian, the Indian, the Babylonian, the Chinese and the Western, and determine for each of these higher individuals what is typical in thek surgings and what is necessary in the riot of incident. And then at last will unfold itself the picture of world-history that is natural to us, men of the West, and to us alone.
x
Our narrower task, then, is primarily to determine, from such a worldsurvey, the state of West Europe and America as at the epoch of 1800-7.000to establish the chronological position of this period in the ensemble of Western culture-history, its significance as a chapter that is in one or other guise necessarily found in the biography of every Culture, and the organic and symbolic meaning of its political, artistic, intellectual and social expression-forms. Considered in the spirit of analogy, this period appears as chronologically parallel - "contemporary" in our special sense - with the phase of Hellenism, and its present culmination, marked by the World-War, corresponds with the transition from the Hellenistic to the Roman age. R.omI, with its rigorous realism - uninspired, b,arbaric, disciplined, practical, Protestant, Prussian - will always give us, working as we must by analogies, the key to understanding our own future. The break of destiny that we express hy hyphening the words "Greeks=Romans" is occurring fur us also, separating that which is al"ady fulfilled from that which ;s to Coml. Long ago we Plight and should have seen in the "Classical" world a development which is the complete counter

Justin Hughes
Justin Hughes

part of our own Western development, differing indeed from it in every detail of the surface but entirely similar as regards the inward power driving the great organism towards its end. We might have found the constant filter ego of our own actuality in establishing the correspondence, item by item, from the "Trojan War" and the Crusades, Homer and the Nibelungenlied, through Doric and Gothic, Dionysian movement and Renaissance, Polycletus and John Sebastian ;Bach, Athens and Paris, Aristotle and Kant, Alexander and Napoleon, to the world-city and the imperialism common to both Cultures. Unfortunately, this requires an interpretation of the picture of Classical history very different from the incredibly one-sided, superficial, prejudiced, limited picture that we have in fact given to it. We have, in truth been only too conscious of our near relation to the Classical Age, and only too prone in consequence to unconsidered assertion of it. Superficial similarity is a great snare, and our entire Classical study' fell a victim to it as soon as it passed from the (admittedly masterly) ordering and critique of the discoveries to the interpretation of their spiritual meaning. That close inward relation in which we conceive ourselves to stand towards the Classical, and which leads us to think that we are its pupils and successors (whereas in reality we 'are simply its adorers), is a venerable prejudice which ought at last to be put aside. The whole religious-philosophical, art-historical and social-critical work of the 19th Century has been necessary to enable us, not to unaerstflndl£schylus, Plato, Apollo and Dionysus, the Athenian state and C:esarism (which we are far indeed from doing), but to begin to realize, once and for all, how immeasurably alien and distant these things are from our inner selves - more alien, maybe, than Mexican gods and Indian architecture. Our views of the Gr:eco-Roman Culture have always swung between two extremes, and our standpoints have invariably been defined for us by the .. ancient-medi:eval-modern" scheme. One !group, public men before all else - economists, politicians, jurists - opine that "present-day mankind" is making excellent progress, assess it and its performances at the very highest value and measure everything earlier by its standards. There is no modern party that has not weighed up Cleon, Marius, Themistocles, Catiline, the Gracchi, according to its own principles. On the other hand we have the group of artists, poets, philologists and philosophers. These feel themselves to be out of their element in the aforesaid present, and in consequence choose for themselves in this or that past epoch a standpoint that is in its way just as absolute and dogmatic from which to condemn "to-day." The one group looks upon Greece as a "not yet," the other upon modernity as a ,. nevermore .•. Both labour under the obsession of a scheme of history which treats the two epochs as part of the same straight line. In this opposition it is the two souls of Faust that express themselves. The danger of the one group lies in a clever superficiality. In its hands there remains

William Green
William Green

finally, of all Oassical Culture, of all reflections of the Classical soul, nothing but a bundle of social, economic, political and physiological facts, and the rest is treated as .• secondary results," •• reflexes," •• attendant phenomena. .• In the books of this group we find not a hint of the mythical force of lEschylus's choruses, of the immense mother-earth struggle of the early sculpture, the Doric column, of the richness of the Apollo-cult, of the real depth of the Roman Emperor-worship. The other group, composed above all of belated romanticists - represented in recent times by the three Basel professors Bachofen, Burckhardt and Nietzsche - succumb to the usual dangers of ideology. They lose thelIlSelves in the clouds of an antiquity that is really no more than the im'age of their own sensibility in·a philological mirror. They rest their case upon the only evidence which they consider worthy to support it, viz., the relics of the old literature, yet there never was a Culture so incompletely represented for us by its great writers.l The first group, on the other hand, supports itself principally upon the humdrum material of law-sources, inscriptions and coins (which Burckhardt and Nietzsche, very much to their own loss, despised) and subordinates thereto, often with little or no sense of truth and fact, the surviving literature. Consequently, even in point of critical foundations, neither group takes the other seriously. I have never heard that Nietzsche and Mommsen had the smallest respect for each other. But neither group has attained to that higher method of treatment which reduces this opposition of criteria to ashes, although it was within their power to do so. In their self-limitation they paid the penalty for taking over the causality-principle from natural science. Unconsciously they arrived at a pragmatism that sketchily copied the world-picture drawn by physics and, instead of revealing, obscured and confused the quite other-natured forlIlS of history. They had no better expedient for subjecting the mass of historical material to critical and normative examination than to consider one complex of phenomena as being primary and causative and the rest as being secondary, as being consequences or effects. And it was not only the matter-of-fact school that resorted to this method. The romanticists did likewise, for History had not revealed even to their dreaming gaze its specific logic;' and yet they felt that

Parker Edwards
Parker Edwards

there was an immanent necessity in it to determine this somehow, rather than turn their backs upon History in despair like Schopenhauer.
XI Briefly, then, there are two ways of regarding~~he Classical- the materialistic and the ideological. By the former, it is asserted that the sinking of one scale-pan has its cause in the rising of the other, and it is shown that this occurs invariably (truly a striking theorem); and in this juxtaposing of cause and effect we naturally find the social and sexual, at all events the purely polit .. ical, facts classed as causes and the religious, intellectual and (so far as the materialist tolerates them as facts at all) the artistic as effects. On the other hand, the ideologues show that the rising of one scale-pan follows from the sinking of the other, which they are able to prove of course with equal exactitude; this done, they lose themselves in cults, mysteries, customs, in the secrets of the strophe and the line, throwing scarcely a side-glance at the commonplace daily life - for them an unpleasant consequence of earthly imperfection. Each side, with its gaze fixed on causality, demonstrates that the other side eitheI: cannot or will not understand the true linkages of things and each ends by calling the other blind, superficial, stupid, absurd or frivolous, oddities or Philistines. It shocks the ideologue if anyone deals with Hellenic financeproblems and instead of, for example, telling us the deep meanings of the Delphic oracle, describes the far-reaching money operations which the Oracle priests undertook with their accumulated treasures. The politician, on the other hand, has a superior smile for those who waste their enthusiasm on ritual formula:: and the dress of Attic youths, instead of writing a book adorned with up-to-.date catchwords about antique class-struggles. The one type is foreshadowed from the very outset in Petrarch; it created Florence and Weimar and the Western classicism. The other type appears in the middle of the 18th Century, along with the rise of civilized,l economicmegalopolitan 2 politics, and England is therefore its birthplace (Grote). At bottom, the opposition is between the conceptions of culture-man and those of civilization-man, and it is too deep, too essentially human, to allow the weaknesses of hoth standpoints alike to be seen or overcome. The materialist himself is on this point an idealist. He too, without wishing or d:esiring it, has made his views dependent upon his wishes. In fact all our finest minds without exception have bowed down reverently before the picture of the Classical, abdicating in this one instance alone their function of unrestricted criticism. The freedom and power of Classical research are always

Carter Morgan
Carter Morgan

hindered, and its data obscured, by a certain almost religious awe. In all history there is no analogous case of one Culture making a passionate cult of the memory of another. Our devotion is evidenced yet again in the fact that since the Renaissance, a thousand years of history have been undervalued so that an ideal "Middle" Age may serve as a link between ourselves and antiquity. We Westerners have sacrificed on the Classical altar the purity and independence of our art, for-we have not dared to create without a side-glance at the" sublime exemplar." We have projected our own deepest spiritual needs and feelings on to the Classical picture. Some day a gifted psychologist will deal with this most fateful illusion and tell us the story of the .. Classical" that we have so consistently reverenced since the days of Gothic. Few theses would be more helpful for the understanding of the Western soul from Otto III, the first victim of the South, to Nietzsche, the last. Goethe on his Italian tour speaks with enthusiasm of the buildings of Palladio, whose frigid and academic work we to-day regard very sceptically: but when he goes on to Pompeii he does not conceal his dissatisfaction in experiencing .. a strange, half-unpleasant impression," and what he has to say on the temples of Prestum and Segesta - masterpieces of Hellenic art - is embarrassed and trivial. Palpably, when Classical antiquity in its full force met him face to face, he did not recognize it. It is the same with all others. Much that was Classical they chose not to see, and so they saved their inward image of the Classical - which was in reality the background of a life-ideal that they themselves had created and nourished with their heart's blood, a vessel filled with their own world-feeling, a phantom, an idol. The audacious descriptions of Aristophanes, Juvenal or Petronius of life in the Classical cities - the southern dirt and riff-raff, terrors and brutalities, pleasure-boys· and Phrynes, phallus worship and imperial orgies - excite the enthusiasm of the student and the dilettante, who find the same realities in the world-cities of to-day too lamentable and repulsive to face. "In the cities life is bad; there are too many of the lustful." - also sprach Zarathustra. They commend the state-sense of the Romans, but despise the man of to-day who permits himself any contact with public affairs. There is a type of scholar whose clarity of vision comes under some irresistible spell when it turns from a frock-coat to a toga, from a British football-ground to a Byzantine circus, from a transcontinental railway to a Roman road in the Alps, from a thirty-knot destroyer to, a trireme, from Prussian bayonets to Roman spears - nowadays, even, from a modern engineer's Suez Canal to that of a Pharaoh. He would admit a steamengine as a symbol of human passion and an expression of intellectual force if it were Hero of Alexandria who invented it, not otherwise. To such it seems blasphemous to talk of Roman central-heating or book-keeping in preference to the worship of the Great Mother of the Gods. But the other school sees nothing but these things. It thinks it exhausts the

Ethan Stewart
Ethan Stewart

essence of this Culture, alien as it is to ours, by treating the Greeks as simply equivalent, and it obtains its conclusions by means of simple factual substitutions, ignoring altogether the Classical soul. That there is not the slightest inward correlation between the things meant by •. Republic," .. freedom," .. property" and the like then and there and the things meant by such words here and now, it has no notion whatever. It makes fun of the historians of the age of Goethe, who honestly expressed their own political ideals in classical history forms and revealed their own personal enthusiasms in vindications or condemnations of lay-figures named Lycurgus, Brutus, Cato, Cicero, Augustus - but it cannot itself write a chapter without reflecting the party opinion of its morning paper. It is, however, much the same whether the past is treated in the spirit of Don Quixote or in that of Sancho Panza. Neither way leads to the end. In sum, each school permits itself to bring into high relief that part of the Classical which best expresses its own views - Nietzsche the pre-Socratic Athens, the economists the Hellenistic period, the politicians Republican Rome, . poets the Imperial Age. Not that religious and artistic phenomena are more primitive than social and economic, any more than the reverse. For the man who in these things has won his unconditional freedom of outlook, beyond all personal interests whatsoever, there is no dependence, no priority, no relation of cause and effect, no differentiation of value or importance. That which assigns relative ranks amongst the individual detail-facts is simply the greater or less purity and force of their form-language, their symbolism, beyond all questions of good and evil, high and low, useful and ideal. XII
Looked at in this way, the "Decline of the West" comprises nothing less than the problem of Civili~ation. We have before us one of the fundamental questions of all higher history. What is Civilization, understood as the organiclogical sequel, fulfilment and finale of a culture? For every Culture has its own Civilization. In this work, for the first time the two words, hitherto used to express an indefinite, more or less ethical, distinction, are used in a periodic sense, to express a strict and necessary organic succession. The Civilization is the inevitable destiny of the Culture, and in this principle we obtain the viewpoint from which the deepest and gravest problems of historical morphology become capable of solution. Civilizations are the most external and artificial states of which a species of developed humanity is capable. They are a conclusion, the thing-become succeeding the thingbecoming, death following life, rigidity following expansion, intellectual age and the stone-built, petrifying world-city following mother-earth and the spiritual childhood of Doric and Gothic. They are an end, irrevocable. yet bv inward necessity reached again and again.

Robert Myers
Robert Myers

So, for the first time, we are enabled to understand the Romans as the successors of the Greeks, and light is projected into the deepest secrets of the late-Classical period. What, but this, can be the meaning of the fact' - which can only be disputed by vain phrases - that the Roma,ns were barbarians who did not precede but ,losed a great development? Unspiritual, unphilosophical, devoid of art, clannish to the point of brutality, aiming relentlessly at tangiblesuccesses, they stand between the Hellenic Culture and nothingness. An imagination directed purely to practical objects - they had religious laws governing godward relations as they had other laws govet:ning human relations, but there was no specifically Roman saga of gods - was something which is not found at all in Athens. In a word, Greek soul-Roman intellet:t; and this antithesis is the differentia between Culture and Civilization. Nor is it only to the Classical that it applies. Again and again there appears this type of strongminded, completely non-metaphysical man, and in the hands of this type lies the intellectual and material destiny of each and every "late" period. Such are the men who carried through the Babylonian, the Egyptian, the Indian, the Chinese, the Roman Civilizations, and in such l'C7riods do Buddhism, Stoicism, . Socialism ripen into definitive world-conceptions which .enable a modbund humanity to be attacked and re-formed in its intimate structure. Pure Civilization, as a historical process, consists in a progressive ttlking-down of forms that have become inorganic or dead. The transition from Culture to Civilization was accomplished for the Classical world in the 4th, for the Western in the 19th Century. From these periods onward the great intellectual decisions take place, not as in the days of the Orpheus-movement or the Reformation in the •• whole world" where not a hamlet is too small to be unimportant, but in three or four world-cities that have absorbed into themselves the whole content of History, while the old wide landscape of the Culture, become merely provincial, serves only to feed the cities with what remains of its higher mankind. Worltkity tlnd prollin" 1_ the two basic ideas of every civilization - bring up a wholly new form-problem of History, the very problem that we are living through to-day with hardly the remotest conception of its immensity. In place of a world, there is a ,ity, tI point, in which the whole life of broad regions is collecting while the rest dries up. In place of a type-true people, born of and grown on the soil, there is a new sort of nomad, cohering unstably in fluid masses, the parasitical city dweller, traditionless, utterly matter-of-fact, religionless, clever, unfruitful, deeply contemptuous of the countryman and especially that highest form of countryman, the country gentleman. This is a very great stride towards the inorganic, towards the end - what does it signify? France and Englilnd have already taken the step and Germany is beginning to do so. After Syracuse, Athens, and Alexandria comes Rome. Mter Madrid

Leo Russell
Leo Russell

Paris, London come Berlin and New York. It is the destiny of whole regions that lie outside the radiation-circIe of one of these cities - of old Crete and Macedon and to-day the Scandinavian North 1_ to become "provinces." Of old, the field on which the opposed conception of an epoch came to battle was some world-problem of a metaphysical, religious or dogmatic kind, and the battle was between the soil-genius of the countryman (noble~ priest) and the" worldly" patrician genius of the famous old small towns of Doric or Gothic springtime. Of such a character were the conflicts over the Dionysus religion - as in the tyranny of Kleisthenes of Sikyon 2 - and those of the Reformation in the German free cities and the Huguenot wars. But just as these cities overcame the country-side (already it is a purely civic world-outlook that appears in even Parmenides and Descartes), so in turn the world-city overcame them. It is the common intellectual process of later periods such as the Ionic and the Baroque, and to-day - as in the Hellenistic age which at its outset saw the foundation of artificial, land-alien Alexandria - Culture-cities like Florence, Niirnberg, Salamanca, Bruges and Prag, have become provincial towns and fight inwardly a lost battle against the world-cities. The worldcity means cosmopolitanism in place of •• home," 3 cold matter-of-fact in place of reverence for tradition and age, scientific irreligion as a fossil representative of the older religion of the heart, •• society" in place of the state, natural instead of hard-earned rights. It was in the conception of money as an inorganic and abstract magnitude, entirely disconnected from the notion of the fruitful earth and the primitive values, that the Romans had the advantage of the Greeks. Thenceforward any high ideal of life becomes largely a question of money. Unlike the Greek stoicism of Chrysippus, the Roman stoicism of Cato and Seneca presupposes a private income; 4 and, unlike that of the 18th Century, the social-ethical sentiment of the 20th, if it is to be realized at a higher level than that of professional (and lucrative) agitation, is a matter for millionaires. To the world-city belongs not a folk but a mass. Its uncomprehending hostility to all the traditions representative of the Culture (nobility, church, privileges, dynasties, convention in art and limits of knowledge in science), the keen and cold intelligence that confounds the wisdom of the peasant, the new-fashioned naturalism that in relation to all matters of sex and society goes back far beyond .Rousseau and Socrates to quite primitive instincts and conditions, the reappear

Oliver Jackson
Oliver Jackson

ance of the panem et circenses in the form of wage-disputes and football-grounds - all these things betoken the definite closing-down of the Culture and the opening of a quite new phase of human existence - anti-provincial, late, futureless, but quite inevitable. This is what has to be viewed, and viewed not with the eyes of the partisan, the ideologue, the up-to-date novelist, not from this or that" standpoint," but in a high, time-free perspective embracing whole millenniums of historical world-forms, if we are really to comprehend the great crisis of the present. To me it is a symbol of the first importance that in the Rome of Crassus triumvir and all-powerful building-site speculator - the Roman people with its proud inscriptions, the people before whom Gauls, Greeks, Parthians, Syrians afar trembled, lived in appalling misery in the many-storied lodging-houses of dark suburbs,l . accepting with indifference or even with a sort of sporting interest the consequences of the military expansion: that many famous old-noble families, descendants of the men who defeated the Celts and the Samnites, lost their ancestral homes through standing apart from the wild rush of speculation and were reduced to renting wretched apartments; that, while along the Appian Way there arose the splendid and still wonderful tombs of the financial magnates, the corpses of the people were thrown along with animal carcases and town refuse into a monstrous common grave - till in Augustus's time it was banked over for the avoidance of pestilence and so became the site of Mrecenas' s renowned park; that in depopulated Athens, which lived on visitors and on the bounty of rich foreigners, the mob of parvenu tourists from Rome gaped at the works of the Periclean age with as little understanding as the American globetrotter in the Sistine Chapel at those of Michelangelo, every removable artpiece having ete this been taken away or bought at fancy prices to be replaced by the Roman buildings which grew up, colossal and arrogant, by the side of the low and modest structures of the old time. In stich things - which it is the historian's business not to praise or to blame but to consider morphologically - there lies, plain and immediate enough for one who has learnt to see, an idea. For it will become manifest that, from this moment on, all great conflicts of world-outlook, of politics, of art, of science, of feeling will be under the influence of this one opposition. What is the hall-mark of a politic of Civilization to-day, in contrast to a politic of Culture yesterday? It is, for the Classical rhetoric, and for the Western journalism, both serving that abstract which represents the power of Civilization - money.2 It is the money-spirit which

Cooper Perez
Cooper Perez

penetrates unremarked the historical forms of the people's existence, often without destroying or even in the least disturbing these forms - the form of the Roman state, for instance, underwent very much less alteration between the elder Scipio and Augustus than is usually imagined. Though forms subsist, the great political parties nevertheless cease to be more than reputed centres of decision. The decisions in fact lie elsewhere. A small number of superior heads, whose names are very likely not the best-known, settle everything, while below them are the great mass of second-rate politicians - rhetors, tribunes, deputies, journalists - selected through a provincially-conceived franchise to keep alive the illusion of popular self-determination. And art? Philosophy? The ideals of a Platonic or those of a Kantian age had for the higher mankind concerned a general validity. But those of a Hellenistic age, or those of our own, are valid exclusively for the brain of the Megalopolitan. For the villager's or, generally; the nature-man's world-feeling our Socialism -like its near relation Darwinism (how utterly un-Goethian are the formula: of .. struggle for existence" and .. natural selection" I), like its other relative the woman-andmarriage problem of Ibsen, Strindberg, and· Shaw, like the impressionistic tendencies of anarchic sensuousness and the whole bundle of modern longings, temptations and pains expressed in Baudelaire's verse and Wagner's musicare simply non-existent. The smaller the town, the more unmeaning it becomes to busy oneself with painting or with music of these kinds. To the Culture belong gymnastics, the tournament, the agon, and to the Civilization belongs Sport. This is the true distinction between the Hellenic pala:stra and the Roman circus.1 Art itself becomes a sport (hence the phrase .. art for art's sake' ') to be played before a highly-intelligent audience of connoisseurs and buyers, whether the feat consist in mastering absurd instrumental tone-masses and taking harmonic fences, or in some tour de force of colouring. Then a new fact':'philosophy appears, which can only spare a smile for metaphysical speculation .. and a new literature that is a necessity of life for the megalopolitan palate and nerves and both unintelligible and ugly to the provincials. Neither Alexandrine poetry nor plein-IIi,. painting is anything to the .. people." And, then as now, the phase of transition is marked by a series of scandals only to ~e found at such moments. The anger evoked in the Athenian populace by Euripides and by the .. Revolutionary" painting of Apollodorus, for example, is repeated in the opposition to Wagner, Manet, Ibsen, and Nietzsche. It is possible to understand the Greeks without mentioning their economic relations; the Romans, on the other hand, can only be Uilderstood through these. Cha:ronea and Leipzig were the last battles fought about an idea. In the First Punic War and in 1870 economic motives are no longer to be overlooked. Not

Justin Rodriguez
Justin Rodriguez

till the Romans came with their practical energy was slave-holding given that big collective character which many students regard as the die-stamp of Classical economics, legislation and way of life, and which in any event vasdy lowered both the value and the inner worthiness of such free labour as continued to exist side by side with gang-labour. And it was not the Latin, but the Germanic peoples of the West and America who developed out of the steamengine a big industry that transformed the face of the land. The relation of these phenomena to Stoicism and to Socialism is unmistakable. Not till the Roman Cresarism - foreshadowed by C. Flaminius, shaped first by Marius, handled by strong-minded, large-scale men of fact - did the Classical World learn the pre-eminence of money. Without this fact neither Cresar, nor "Rome" generally, is understandable. In every Greek is a Don Quixote, in every Roman a Sancho Panza factor, and these factors are dominants.
XIII Considered in itself, the Roman world-dominion was a negative phenomenon, being the result not of a surplus of energy on the one side - that the Romans had never had since Zama - but of a deficiency of resistance on the other. That the Romans did not conquer the world is certain; 1 they merely took possession of a booty that lay open to everyone. The Imperium Romanum . came into existence not as the result of such an extremity of military and financial effort as had characterized the Punic Wars, but because the old East forwent all external self-determinations. We must not be deluded by the appearance of brilliant military successes. With a few ill-trained, ill-led, and sullen legions, Lucullus and Pompey conquered whole realms - a phenomenon that in the period of the batde of Ipsus would have been unthinkable. The Mithradatic danger, serious enough for a system of material force which had never been put to any real test, would have been nothing to the conquerors of Hannibal. Mter Zama, the Romans never again either waged or were capable of waging a war against a great military Power. II Their classic wars were those against the Samnites, Pyrrhus and Carthage. Their grand hour was Canna:. To maiiltain the heroic posture for centuries· on end is beyond the power of any people. The Prussian-German people have had three great moments (18q, 1870 and 1914), and that is more than others have had. Here, then, I lay it down that Imperilllism, of which petrifacts such as the Egyptian empire, the Roman, the Chinese, the Indian may continue to exist for hundreds or thousands of years -:- dead bodies, amorphous and dispirited masses of men, scrap-material from a great· history - is to be taken as the typical symbol of the passing away. Imperialism is Civilization unadulterated.

Kayden Smith
Kayden Smith

In this phenomenal form the destiny of the West is now irrevocably set. The energy of culture-man is directed inwards, that of civilization-man outwards. And thus I see in Cecil Rhodes the first man of a new age. He stands for the political style of a far-ranging, Western, Teutonic and especially German future, and his phrase "expansion is everything" is the Napoleonic reassertion of the indwelling tendency of every Civilization that has fully ripened - Roman, Arab or Chinese. It is not a matter of choice - it is not the conscious will of individuals, or even that of whole classes or peoples that decides. The .expansive tendency is a doom, something daemonic and immense, which grips, forces into service, and uses up the late mankind of the world-city stage, willy-nilly, aware or unaware.! Life is the process of effecting possibilities, and for the brainman there are only extensive possibilities.2 Hard as the half-developed Socialism' of to-day is fighting against expansion, one day it will become arch-expansionist with all the vehemence of destiny. Here the form-language of politics, as the direct intellectual expression of a certain type of humanity, touches on a deep metaphysical problem - on the fact, affirmed in the grant of unconditional validity to the causality-principle, that the soul is the complement of its extension. When, between 480 and 2.30,3 the Chinese group of states was tending towards imperialism, it was entirely futile to combat the principle·of Imperialism (Lien-~eng), practised in particular by the "Roman" state of Tsin ' and theoritically represented by the philosopher Dschang Yi, by ideas of a League of Nations (Hoh-tsung) largely derived from Wang Hii, a profound sceptic who had no illusions as to the men or the political possibilities of this "late" period. Both sides opposed the anti-political idealism of Lao-tse, but as between themselves it was Lien-heng and not Hoh-tsung which swam with the natural current of expansive Civilization. & Rhodes is to be regarded as the first precursor of a Western type of Ca::sars, whose day is to come though yet distant. He stands midway between Napoleon and the force-men of the next centuries, just as Flaminius, who from 2.32. B.C. onward pressed the Romans to undertake the subjugation of Cisalpine Gaul and so initiated the policy of colonial expansion, stands between Alexander and Ca::sar. Strictly speaking, Flaminius was a private person - for his real power was of a kind not embodied in any constitutional office - who exercised a dominant influence in the state at a time when the state-idea was giving way to the pressure of economic factors. So far as Rome is concerned, he was the arche

Landon Murphy
Landon Murphy

type of opposition Cresarism; with him there came to an end the idell of stllteservice and there began the .. will to power" which ignored traditions and reckoned only with. forces. Alexander and Napoleon were romantics; though they stood on the threshold of Civilization and in its cold clear air, the one fancied himself an Achilles and the other read Werther. Cresar, on the contrary, was a pure man of fact gifted with immense understanding. But even for Rhodes political success means territorial and financial success, and only that. Of this Roman-ness within himself he was fully aware. But Western Civilization has not yet taken shape in such strength and purity as this. It was only before his maps that he could fall into a sort of poetic trance, this son of the parsonage who, sent out to South Africa without means, made a gigantic fortune and employed it as the engine of political aims. His idea of a trans-African railway from the Cape to Cairo, his project of a South African empire, his intellectual hold on the hard metal souls of the mining magnates whose wealth he forced into the service of his schemes, his capital Bulawayo, royally planned as a future Residence by a statesman who was all-powerful yet stood in no definite relation to the State, his wars, his diplomatic deals, his road-systems, his syndicates, his armies, his conception of the" great duty to civilization" of the man of brain - all this, broad and imposing, is the prelude of a future which is still in store for us and with which the history of West-European mankind will be definitely closed. He who does not understand that this outcome is obligatory and insusceptible of modification, that our choice is between willing this and willing nothing at all, between cleaving to this destiny or despairing of the future and of life itself; he who cannot feel that there is grandeur also in the realizations of powerful intelligences, in the energy and discipline of metal-hard natures, in battles fought with the coldest and most abstract means; he who is obsessed with the idealism of a provincial and would pursue the ways of life of past ages - must forgo all desire to comprehend history, to live through history or to make history. Thus regarded, the Imperium Romanum appears no longer as an isolated phenomenon, but as the normal product of a !;trict and energetic, megalopolitan, predominantly practical spirituality, as typical of a final and irreversible condition which has occurred often enough though it has only been identified as such in this instance. Let it be realized, then: That the secret of historical form does not He on the surface, that it ca.nnot be grasped by means of similarities of costume and setting, and that in the history of men as in that of animals and plants there occur phenomena showing deceptive similarity but inwardly without any connexion - e.g., Charlemagne and Haroun-al-Raschid, Alexander and Cresar, the German wars upon Rome and the Mongol onslauglits upon West Europe - and other phenomena of

Hunter Morales
Hunter Morales

extreme outward dissimilarity but of identical import - e.g., Trajan and Rameses II, the Bourbons and the Attic D.emos, Mohammed and Pythagoras. That the 19th and l.Oth centuries, hitherto looked on as the highest point of an ascending straight line of world-history, are in reality a stage of life which may be observed in every Culture that has ripened to its limit - a stage of life characterized not by Socialists, Impressionists, electric railways, tor': pedoes and di1ferential equations (for these are only body-constituents of the time), but by a civilized spirituality which possesses not only these but also quite other creative possibilities. . That, as our own time represents a transitional phase which occurs with certainty under particular conditions, there are perfectly well-defined states (such as have occurred more than once in the history of the past) lilter than the present-day state of West Europe, and therefore that The future of the West is not a limitless tending upwards and onwards for all time towards our present ideals, but a single phenomenon of history, strictly limited and defined as to form and duration, which covers a few centuries and can be viewed and, in essentials, calculated from available precedents.
XIV
This high plane of contemplation once attained, the rest is easy. To this single idea one can refer, and by it one can solve, without straining or forcing, all those separate problems of religion, art-history, epistemology, ethies, polities, economics with which the modern intellect has so passionately - and so vainly - busied itself for decades. This idea is one of those truths that have only to be expressed with full clarity to become indisputable. It is one of the inward necessities of the Western Culture and of its world-feeling. It is capable of entirely transforming the world-outlook of one who fully understands it, i.e., makes it intimately his own. It immensely deepens the world-picture natural and necessary to us in that, already trained to regard world-historical evolution as an organic unit seen backwards from our standpoint in the present, we are enabled by its aid to follow the broad lines into the future - a privilege of dream-calcu1ation till now permitted only to the physicist. It is, I repeat, in effect the substitution of a Copernican for a Ptolemaic aspect of history, that is, an immeasurable widening of horizon. Up to now everyone has been at liberty to hope what he pleased about the future. Where there are no facts, sentiment rules. But henceforward it will be every man's business to intorm himself of what elln happen and therefore of what with the unalterable necessity of destiny and irrespective of personal ideals, hopes or desires, will happen. When we use the risky word •• freedom" we shall mean freedom to do, not this or that, but the necessary or nothing. The feeling that this is .. just as it should be" is the hall-mark of the man of

Kevin Powell
Kevin Powell

fact. To lament it and blame it is not to alter it. To birth belongs death, to youth age, to life generally its form and its allotted span. The present is a civilized, emphatically not a cultured time, and ipso fllcto a great number of life-capacities fallout as impossible. This may be deplorable, and may be and will be deplored in pessimist philosophy and poetry, but it is not in our power to make otherwise. It will not be - already it is not - permissible to defy clear historical experience and to expect, merely because we hope, that this will spring or that will flourish. It will no doubt be objected that such a world-outlook, which in giving this certainty as to the outlines and tendency of the future cuts off all farreaching hopes, would be unhealthy for all and fatal for many, once it ceased to be a mere theory and was adopted as a practical scheme of life by the group of personalities effectively moulding the future. Such is not my opinion. We are civilized, not Gothic or Rococo, people; we have to reckon with the hard cold facts of a Ilite life, to which the parallel is to be found not in Pericles's Athens but in Cresar's Rome. Of great painting or great music there can no longer be, for Western people, any question. Their architectural possibilities have been exhausted these hundred years. Only exten.rive possibilities are left to them. Yet, for a sound and vigorous generation that is filled with unlimited hopes, I fail to see that it is any disadvantage to discover betimes that some of these hopes must come to nothing. And if the hopes thus doomed should be those most dear, well, a man who is worth anything will not be dismayed. It is true that the issue may be a tragic one for some individuals who in their decisive years are overpowered by the conviction that in the spheres of architecture, drama, painting, there is nothing left for them to conquer. What matter if they do go under I It has been the convention hitherto to admit no limits of any sort in these matters, and to believe that each period had its own task to do in each sphere. Tasks therefore were found by hook or by crook, leaving it to be settled posthumously whether or not the artist's faith was justified and his life-work necessary. Now, nobody but a pure romantic would take this way. out. Such a pride is not the pride of a Roman. What are we to think of the individual who, standing before an exhausted quarry, would rather be told that a new vein will be struck to-morrow - the bait offered by the radically false and mannerized art of the momentthan be shown a rich and virgin clay-bed near by? The lesson, I think, would be of benefit to the coming generations, as showing them what is possible and therefore necessary - and what is excluded from the inward potentialities of their time. Hitherto an incredible total of intellect and power has been squandered in false directions. The West-European, however historically he may think and feel, is at a certain stage of life invariably uncertain of his own . direction; he gropes and feels his way and, if unlucky in environment, he loses it. But now atJast the work of centuries enables him to view the disposition

Gabriel Lopez
Gabriel Lopez

of his own life in relation to the general culture-scheme and to test his own powers and purposes. And I can only hope that men of the new generatIon may be moved by this book to devote themselves to technics instead of lyrics, the sea instead of the paint-brush, and politics instead of epistemology. Better they could not do.
xv It still remains to consider the relation of a morphology of world-history to Philosophy. All genuine historical work is philosophy, unless it is mere ant-industry. But the operations of the systematic philosopher are subject to constant and serious error through his assuming the permanence of his results. He overlooks the fact that every"thought lives in a historical world and is therefore involved in the common destiny of mortality. He supposes that higher thought possesses an everlasting and unalterable objectiveness (Gegenstand), that the great questions of all epochs are identical, and that therefore they are capable in the last analysis of unique answers. But question and answer are here one, and the great questions are made great by the very fact that unequivocal answers to them are so passionately demanded, so that it is as life-symbols only that they possess significance. There are no eternal truths. Every philosophy is the expression of its own and only its own time, and - if by philosophy we mean effective philosophy and not academic triflings about judgment-forms, sense-categories and the like - no two ages possess the same philosophic intentions. The difference is not between perishable and imperishable doctrines but between doctrines which live their day and doctrines which never live at all. The immortality of thoughtsbecome is an illusion - the essential is, what kind of man comes to expression in them. The greater the man, the truer the philosophy, with the inward truth that in a great work of art transcends all proof of its several elements or even of their compatibility with one another. At highest, the philosophy may absorb the entire content of an epoch, realize it within itself and then, embodying it in some grand form or personality, pass it on to be developed further and further. The scientific dress or the mark of learning adopted by a philosophy is here unimportant. Nothing is simpler than to make good poverty of ideas by founding a system, and even a good idea has little value when enunciated by a solemn ass. Only its necessity to life decides the eminence of a doctrine. For me, therefore, the test of value to be applied to a thinker is his eye for the great facts of his own time. Only this can settle whether he is merely a clever architect of systems and principles, versed in definitions and analyses, or whether it is the very soul of his time that speaks in his works and his intuitions. A philosopher who cannot grasp and command actuality as well will ncier be of the first rank. The Pre-Socratics were merchants and politicians

Jayden Lewis
Jayden Lewis

en grand. The desire to put his political ideas into practice in Syracuse nearly cost Plato his life, and it was the same Plato who discovered the set of geometrical theorems that enabled Euclid to build up the Classical system of mathematics. Pascal - whom Nietzsche knows only as the .. broken Christian" - Descartes, Leibniz were the first mathematicians and technicians of their time. The great "Pre-Socratics" of China from Kwan-tsi (about 670) to Confucius (550-478) were statesmen, regents, lawgivers like Pythagoras and P.rmenides, like Hobbes and Leibniz. With Lao-tsze - the opponent of all state authority and high politics and the enthusiast of small peaceful communities - unworldliness and deed-shyness first appear, heralds of lecture-room and study philosophy. But Lao-tsze was in his time, the ancien regime of China, an exception in the midst of sturdy philosophers for whom epistemology meant the knowledge of the important relations of actual life. And herein, I think, all the philosophers of the newest age are open to a serious criticism. What they do not possess is real standing in actual life. Not one of them has intervened effectively, either in higher politics, in the development of modern technics, in matters of communication, in economics, or in any other !Jig actuality, with a single act or a single compelling idea. Not one of them counts in mathematics, in physics, in the science of government, even to the extent that Kant counted. Let us glance at other times. Confucius was several times a minister. Pythagoras was the organizer of an important political movement 1 akin to the Cromwellian, the significance of which is even now far underestimated by Classical researchers. Goethe, besides being a model executive minister - though lacking, alas! the operative sphere of a great state - was interested in the Suez and Panama canals (the dates of which he foresaw with accuracy) and their effects on the economy of the world, and he busied himself again and again with the question of American economic life and its reactions on the Old World, and with that of the dawning era of machine-industry. Hobbes was one of the originators of the great plan of winning South America for England, and although in execution the plan went no further than the occupation of Jamaica, he has the glory of being one of the founders of the British Colonial Empire. Leibniz, without doubt the greatest intellect in Western philosophy, the founder of the differential calculus and the analysis situs, conceived or co-operated in a number of major political schemes, one of which was to relieve Germany by drawing the attention of Louis XIV to the importance of Egypt as a factor in French world-policy. The ideas of the memorandum on this subject that he drew up for the Grand Monarch were so far in advance of their time (1672.) that it has been thought that Napoleon made use of them for his Eastern venture. Even thus early, Leibniz laid down the principle that Napoleon grasped more and more clearly after Wagram, viz.

Carter Baker
Carter Baker

tha~ acquisitions on the Rhine and in Belgium would not pe:manendy better the position of France and that the neck of Suez would one day be the key of world-dominance. Doubtless the King was not equal to these deep political and strategic conceptions of the Philosopher. Turning from men of this mould to the •. philosophers" of to-day~ one is dismayed and shamed. How poor their personalities, how commonplace their political and practical outlook! Why is it that the mere idea of calling upon one of them to prove his inte~lectual eminence in government, diplomacy, large-scale organization, or direction of any big colonial, commercial or transport concern is enough to evoke our pity? And this insufficiency indicates, not that they possess inwardness, but simply that they lack weight. I look round in vain for an instance in which a modern .. philosopher" has made a name by even one deep or far-seeing pronouncement on an important question of the day. I see nothing but provincial opinions of the same kind as anyone else's. Whenever I take up a work by a modern thinker, I find myself asking: has he any idea whatever of the actualities of world-politics, world-city problems, capitalism, the future of the state, the relation of technics to the course of civilization, Russia, Science? Goethe would have understood all this and revelled in it, but there is not one living philosopher capable of taking it in. This sense of actualities is of course not the same thing as the content of a philosophy but, I repeat, it is an infallible symptom of its inward necessity, its fruitfulness and its symbolic importance. We must allow ourselves no illusions as to the gravity of this negative result. It is palpable .that we have lost sight of the final significance of effective philosophy. We confuse philosophy with preaching, with agitation, with novelwriting, with lecture-room jargon. We have descended from the perspective of the bird to that of the frog. It has come to this, that the very possihility of a real philosophy of to-day and to-morrow is in question. H not, it were far better to become a colonist or an engineer, to do something, no matter what, that is true an~ real, than to chew over once more the old dried-up themes under cover of an alleged "new wave of philosophic thought" - far better to construct an aero-engine than a new theory of apperception that is not wanted. Truly it is a poor life's work to restate once more, in slightly different terms, views of a hundred predecessors on the Will or on psycho-physical parallelism. This may be a profession, but a philosophy it emphatically is not. A d~trine that does not attack and ,affect the life of the period in its inmost depths is no doctrine and had better not be taught. And what was possible even yesterday is, to-day, at least not indispensable. To me, the depths and refinement of mathematical and physical theories are a joy; by comparison, the resthete and the physiologist are fumblers. I would sooner have the fine mind-begotten forms of a fast steamer, a steel structure, a precision-lathe, the subdety and elegance of many chemical and optical proc

Benjamin Ortiz
Benjamin Ortiz

esses, than all the pickings and stealings of present-day .. arts and crafts," architecture and painting included. I prefer one Roman aqueduct to all Roman temples and statues. I love the Colosseum and the giant vault of the Palatine, for they display for me to-day in the brown massiveness of their brick construction the real Rome and the grand practical sense of her engineers, but it is a matter of indifference to me whether the empty and pretentious marblery of the Cresars - their rows of statuary, their friezes, their overloaded architravesis preserved or not. Glance at some reconstruction of the Imperial Fora - do we not find them the true counterpart of a modern International Exhibition, obtrusive, bulky, empty, a boasting in materials and dimensions wholly alien to Periclean Greece and the Rococo alike, but exactly paralleled in the Egyptian modernism that is displayed in the ruins of Rameses II (1300 B.C.) at Luxor and Karnak? It was not for nothing that the genuine Roman despised the Graculus histrio, the kind of •• artist" and the kind of •• philosopher" to be found on the soil of Roman Civilization. The time for art and philosophy had passed; they were exhausted, used up, superfluous, and his instinct for the realities of life told him so. One Roman law weighed more than all the lyrics and schoolmetaphysics of the time together. And I maintain that to-day many an in~ ventor, many a diplomat, many a financier is a sounder philosopher than all those who practise the dull craft of experimental psychology. This is a situation which regularly repeats itself at a certain historical level. It would have been absurd in a Roman of intellectual eminence, who might as Consul or Prretor lead armies, organize provinces, build cities and roads, or even be the Princeps in Rome, to want to hatch out some new variant ·-of. post-Platonic school philosophy at Athens or Rhodes. Consequently no one did so. It was not in harmony with the tendency of the age, and therefore it only attracted third-class men of the kind that always advances as far as the Zeitgeist of the day before yesterday. It is a very grave question whether this stage has or has not set in for us already. A century of purely extensive effectiveness, excluding big artistic and metaphysical production - let us say frankly an irreligious time which coincides exactly with the idea of the world-city - is a time of decline. True. But we have not chosen this time. We cannot help it if we are born as men of the early winter of full Civilization, instead of on the golden summit of a ripe Culture, in a Phidias or a Mozart time. Everything depends on our seeing oar own position, our destiny, clearly, on our realizing that though we may lie to ourselves about it we cannot evade it. He who does not acknowledge this in his heart, ceases to be counted among the men of his generation, and remains either a simpleton, a charlatan, or a pedant. Therefore, in approaching a problem of the present, one must begin by asking one's self - a question answered in advance by instinct in the case of the genuine adept - what to-day is possible and what he must forbid himself. Only a. very

Nolan Gray
Nolan Gray

few of the problems of metaphysics are, so to say, allocated for solution to any epoch of thought. Even thus soon, a whole world separates Nietzsche's time, in which a last trace of romanticism was still operative, from our own, which has shed every vestige of it. Systematic philosophy closes with the end of the 18th Century. Kant put its utmost possibilities in forms both grand in themselves and - as a rulefinal for· the Western soul. He is followed, as Plato and Aristotle were followed, by a specifically megalopolitan philosophy that was not speculative but practical, irreligious, social-ethicaI. This philosophy - paralleled in the Chinese civilization by the schools of the "Epicurean" Y ang-chu, the "Socialist" Mo-ti, the "Pessimist" Chuang-tsii, the "Positivist" Mencius, and in the Classical by the Cynics, the Cyrenaics, the Stoics and the Epicureans - begins in the West with Schopenhauer, who is the first to make the Will to life C" creative life-force' ') the centre of gravity of his thought, although the deeper tendency of his doctrine is obscured by his having, under the influence of a great tradition, maintained the obsolete distinctions of phenomena and things-inthemselves and suchlike. It is the same creative will-to-life that was Schopenhauer-wise denied in • 'Tristan " and Darwin-wise asserted in "Siegfried "; that was brilliantly and theatrically formulated by Nietzsche in "Zarathustra"; that led the Hegelian Marx to an economic and the Malthusian Darwin to a biological hypothesis which together have subtly transformed the worldoutlook of the Western megalopolis; and that produced a homogeneous series of tragedy-conceptions extending from Hebbel's "Judith" to Ibsen's "Epilogue." It has embraced, therefore, all the possibilities of a true philosophy - and at the same time it has exhausted them. Systematic philosophy, then, lies immensely far behind us, and ethical has been wound up. But a third possihility, corresponding to the Classical Scepticism, still r"""ins to the soul-world of the present-day West, and it can be brought to light by the hitherto unknown methods of historical morphology. That which is a possibility is a necessity. The Classical scepticism is ahistoric, it doubts by denying outright. But that of the West, if it is an inward necessity, a symbol of the autumn of our spirituality, is obliged to be historical through and through. Its solutions are got by treating everything as relative, as a historical phenomenon, and its procedure is psychological. Whereas the Sceptic philosophy arose within Hellenism as the negation of philosophy - declaring philosophy to be purposeless - we, on the contrary, regard the history of philosophy as, in the last resort, philosophy's gravest theme. This is "skepsis," in the true sense, for whereas the Greek is led to renounce absolute standpoints by contempt for the intellectual past, we are led to do so by comprehension of that past as an organism. In this work it will be our task to sketch out this unphilosophical philosophy-the last that West Europe will know. Scepticism is the expression of

Jordan Rivera
Jordan Rivera

a pure Civilization; and it dissipates the world-picture of the Culture that has gone before. For us, its success will lie in resolving all the older problems into one, the genetic. The conviction that what is also hIlS hecome, that the natural and cognizable is rooted in the historic, that the World as the actual is founded on an Ego as the potential actualized, that the .. when" and the" how long" hold as deep a secret as the" what," leads directly to the fact that everything, whatever else it may be, must at any rate be th, ,xprusion of something lifJ;ng. Cognitions and judgments too are acts of living men. The thinkers of the past conceived external actuality as produced by cognition and motiving ethical judgments, but to the thought of the future they are above all ,xpms;on.r and symbols. The Morphology of world-history hecomu inefJitahly a tm;fJersal symholism. With that, the claim of higher thought to possess general and eternal truths falls to the ground. Truths are truths only in relation to a particular mankind. Thus, my own philosophy is able to express and reflect only the Western (as distinct from the Classical, Indian, or other) soul, and that soul only in its present civilized phase by which its conception of the world, its practical range arid its sphere of effect are specified.
XVI In concluding this Introduction, I may be permitted to add a personal note. In 19II, I proposed to myself to put together some broad considerations on the political phenomena of the day and their possible developments. At that time the World-War appeared to me both as imminent and also as the inevitable outward manifestation of the historical crisis, and my endeavour was to comprehend it from an examination of the spirit of the preceding centuries - not years. In the course of this originally small tas~,l the conviction forced itself, on me that for 'an effective understanding of the epoch the area to be taken into the foundation-plan must be very greatly enlarged, and that in an investigation of this sort, if the results were to be fundamentally conclusive 'and necessary results, it was impossible to restrict one's self to a single epoch and its political actualities, or to confine one's self to a pragmatical framework, or even to do without purely metaphysical and highly transcendental methods of treatment. It became evident that a political problem could not be comprehended by means of politics themselves and that, frequently, important factors at work in the depths could only be grasped through their artistic manifestations or even distantly seen in the form of scientific or purely philosophical ideas. Even the politico-social analysis of the last decades of the 19th century - a period of tense quiet between two immense and outstanding events: the one which, expressed in the Revolution and Napoleon, had fixed the picture of West-European actuality for a century and another of at least equal significance that Waf

Nolan Carter
Nolan Carter

visibly and ever more rapidly approaching - was found in the last resort to be impossible without bringing in aU the great problems of Being in all their aspects. For, in the historical as in the natural world-picture, there is found nothing, however small, that does not embody in itself the entire sum of fundamental tendencies. And thus the original theme came to be immensely widened. A vast number of unexpected (and in the main entirely novel) questions and interrelations presented themselves. And finally it became perfectly clear that no single fragment of history could be thoroughly illuminated unless and until the secret of world-history itself, to wit the story of higher mankind as an organism of regular structure, had been cleared up. And hitherto this has not been done, even in the least degree. From this moment on, relations and connexions-previously often suspected, sometimes touched on but never comprehended - presented themselves in everincreasing volume. The forms of the arts linked themselves to the forms of war and state-policy. Deep relations were revealed between political and mathematical aspects of the same Culture, between religious and technical conceptions, between mathematics, music and sculpture, between economics and cognition-forms. Clearly and unmistakably there appeared the fundamental dependence of the most modern physical and chemical theories on the mythological concepts of our Germanic ancestors, the style-congruence of tragedy and power-technics and up-to-date finance, and the fact (bizarre at first but soon self-evident) that oil-painting perspective, printing, the credit system, longrange weapons, and contrapuntal music in one case, and the nude statue,. the city-state and coin-currency (discovered by the Greeks) in another were identical expressions of one and the same spiritual principle. And, beyond and above all, there stood out the fact that these great groups of morphological relations, each one of which symbolically represents a particular sort of mankind in the whole picture of world-history, are strictly symmetrical in structure. It is this perspective that first opens out for us the true style of history. Belonging itself as symbol and expression to one time and therefore inwardly possible and necessary only for present-day Western man, it can but be compareddistantly - to certain ideas of ultra-modern mathematics in the domain of the Theory of Groups. These were thoughts that had occupied me for many years, though dark and undefined until enabled by this method to emerge in tangible form. Thereafter I saw the present - the approaching World-War - in a quite other light. It was no longer a momentary constellation of casual facts due to national sentiments, personal influences, or economic tendencies endowed with an appearance of unity and necessity by some historian's scheme of political or social cause-and-effect, but the type of a historical change of phase occurring within a great historical organism of definable compass at the point preordained for it hundreds of years ago. The mark of the great crisis is its innumer

Landon Robinson
Landon Robinson

able passionate questionings and probings. In our own case there were books and ideas by the thousand; but, scattered, disconnected, limited by the horizons of specialisms as they were, thc:y incited, depressed and confounded but could not free. Hence, though these questions are seen, their identity is missed. Consider those art-problems that (though never comprehended in their depths) were evinced in the disputes between form and content, line and space, drawing and colour, in the notion of style, in the idea of Impressionism and the music of Wagn~. Consider the decline of art and the failing authority of science; the grave problems arising out of the victory of the megalopolis over the country-side, such as childlessness and land-depopulation; the place in society of a fluctuating Fourth Estate; the crisis in materialism, in Socialism, in parliamentary government; the position of the individualfJis-fl-fJis the State; the problem of private property with its pendant the problem of marriage. Consider at the same time one fact taken from what is apparently an entirely different field, the voluminous work that was being done in the domain of folk-psychology on the origins of myths, arts, religions and thought - and done, moreover, no longer from an ideal but from a strictly morphological standpoint. It is my belief that every one of these questions was really aimed in the same direction as every other, viz., towards that one Riddle of History that had never yet emerged with sufficient distinctness in the human consciousness. The tasks before men were not, as supposed, infinitely numerous - they were one and the same task. Everyone had an inkling that this was so, but no one from his own narrow standpoint had seen the single and comprehensive solution. And yet it had been in the air since Nietzsche, and Nietzsche himself had gripped all the decisive problems although, being a romantic, he had not dared to look strict reality in the face. But herein precisely lies the inward necessity of the stock-taking doctrine, so to call it. It had to come, and it could only come at this time. Our scepticism is not an attack upon, but rather the verification of, our stock of thoughts and works. It confirms all that has been sought and achieved for generations past, in that it integrates all the truly living tendencies which it finds in the special spheres, no matter what their aim may be. Above all, there discovered itself the opposition of History and Nature through which alone it is possible to grasp the essence of the former. As I have already said, man as an element and representative of the World is a member, not only of nature, but also of history - which is a second Cosmos different in structure and complexion, entirely neglected by Metaphysics in favour of the first. I was originally brought to reflect on this fundamental question of our world-consciousness through noticing how present-day historians as they fumble round tangible events, things-become, believe themselves to have already grasped History, the happening, the becoming itself. This is a prejudice common to all who proceed by reason and cognition, as against intuitive per

Cooper Walker
Cooper Walker

ception.1 And it had long ago been a source of perplexity to the great Eleatics with their doctrine that through cognition there could be no becoming, but only a being (or having-become). In other words, History was seen as Nature (in the objective sense of the physicist) and treated accordingly, and it is to this that we must ascribe the baneful mistake of applying the principles of causality, of law, of system - that is, the structure of rigid being - to the picture of happenings. It was assumed that a human culture existed just as electricity or gravitation existed, and th.at it was capable of analysis in much the same way as these. The habits of the scientific researcher were eagerly taken as a model, and if, from time to time, some student asked what Gothic, or Islam, or the Polis was, no one inquired why such symbols of something living inevitahly appeared just then, and there, in that form, and for that space of time. Historians were content, whenever they met one of the innumerable similarities between widely discrete historical phenomena, simply to register it, adding some clever remark~ as to the marvels of coincidence, dubbing Rhodes the "Venice of Antiquity" and Napoleon the "modern Alexander,"or the like; yet it was just these cases, in which the destiny-prohlem came to the fore as the true problem of history (viz., the problem of time), that needed to be treated with all possible seriousness and scientifically regulated physiognomic in order to find out what strangely-constituted necessity, so completely alien to the causal, was at work. That every phenomenon ipso facto propounds a metaphysical riddle, that the time of its occurrence is never irrelevant; that it still remained to be discovered what kind of a living interdependence (apart from the inorganic, natural-law interdependence) subsists within the world-picture, which radiates from nothing less than the whole man and not merely (as Kant thought) from the cognizing part of him; that a phenomenon is not only a fact for the understanding but also an expression of the spiritual, not only an object but a symbol as well, be it one of the highest creations of religion or art or a mere trifle of everyday life - all this was, philosophically, something new. And thus in the end I came to see the solution clearly before me in immense

Jaxon Kelly
Jaxon Kelly

outlines, possessed of full inward necessity, a solution derived from one single principle that though discoverable had never been discovered, that from my youth had haunted and attracted me, tormenting me with the sense that it was there and must be attacked and yet defying me to seize it. Thus, from an almost accidental occasion of beginning, there has arisen the present work, which is put forward as the provisional expression of a new world-picture. The book is laden, as I know, with all the defects of a first attempt, incomplete, and certainly not free from inconsistencies. Nevertheless I am convinced that it contains the incontrovertible formulation of an idea which, once enunciated clearly, will (I repeat) be accepted without dispute. H, then, the narrower theme is an analysis of the Decline of that WestEuropean Culture which is now spread over the entire globe, yet the object in view is the development of a philosophy and of the operative method peculiar to it, which is now to be tried, viz., the method of comparative morphology in world-history. The work falls naturally into two parts. The first, "Form and Actuality," starts from the form-language of the great Cultures, attempts to penetrate to the deepest roots of their origin and so provides itself with the basis for a science of Symbolic. The second part, "World-historical Perspectives," starts from the facts of actual life, and from the historical practice of higher mankind seeks to obtain a quintessence of historical experience that we can set to work upon the formation of our own future. The accompanying tables 1 present a general view of what has resulted from the investigation. They may at the same time give some notion both of the fruitfulness and of the scope of the new methods.

FOR MORE SEE:
THE DECLINE OF THE WEST
FORM AND ACTUALITY
BY
OSWALD SPENGLER

Dylan Rogers
Dylan Rogers

interesting you mention this distinction. the nazis also used it. They used the phrase "Talmud-Juden" to describe a specific category of jew, the other jews were not seen to be as dangerous.

Liam Reed
Liam Reed

There are no good Jews
The best Jews are those who aren't actively evil. The average Jewish college student is about as moral as anyone else, but never "good" (morally superior). Jewish aristocrats are always bad.

Eli Miller
Eli Miller

hitler's family doctor was a jew, an "Edeljude", this was the term for a noble or good jew. The guy even got armed SS protection to ensure local people understood this jew is not to be harassed. There was also another guy a homeless artist that was friend of hitlers in vienna who was a jew, hitler also said he was a decent or honorable jew.

Angel Cruz
Angel Cruz

4. Remember to support whatever Putin does.
The ZOG is against Putin, so what Putin does is always right.
Putin is a Chabad Lubavitch puppet, you fucking kike!

Brody Robinson
Brody Robinson

(195)

Ryder Peterson
Ryder Peterson

NIGGER
There are no good Jews
Hitler was wrong for not doing the Holocaust
Hitler was kiked

Alexander Ross
Alexander Ross

He did the Holocaust, you fucking kike! Stop spreading disinformation and slandering the incredible achievement of Adolf Hitler!

Michael Watson
Michael Watson

Pan-Aryandom is the only way. Slavic-Aryans 400 Million Strong, and potentially our best hope.

We built a site dedicated to Slavic-Aryan unity worldwide,
daaryanworldview.com/index.php/2019/02/02/prepare-the-way-for-the-next-reich/

White Pill the masses, Slavs and Europeans are One Folk.

Christian Williams
Christian Williams

oh boy. how bad does it have to be when your main reason for shilling on "right wing" boards is not to disrupt them, but rather to stop your own guys from jumping ship.

Alexander Evans
Alexander Evans

Croat here. So you guys are bigger nazis than Hitler. Fuck you. Im laughing at all of you from my 99.99% homogenous non brown country. My grandparents fought with Hitler while most of yoyr against him. Suck kike dick

Adrian Thomas
Adrian Thomas

I can smell you from here, Rabbi.

Unironically rope yourself.

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Joseph Johnson
Joseph Johnson

Јеби се, ти смрдљиви англо пси, наводно "мастер раце ариан" су сва срања. Када смо је обрисали англо-псима све до Берлина. Живела Србија!

James Hughes
James Hughes

My friend remember there are government paid people including literal jews paid to post divisive BS here, jidf, jtrig, etc basically glorified government welfare recipients, their divide and conquer bs is not real consensus.

Slavic peoples are as good people as any no doubt and in slavic countries, some places they are more nice than in western europe who have been infected by individualist/alienating garbage.

Fuck you communist rat, yugoslavia was a failure.

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Austin Davis
Austin Davis

4. Remember to support whatever Putin does. The ZOG is against Putin, so what Putin does is always right.
Putin has to be pro pedophilia for that to be true.

Joseph Long
Joseph Long

National-Socialism was never pro-Slavic. Unlike "national socialists", we don't need no meme ideology to reassure ourselves that we're superior on every occasion. All they do is shitpost, because that's all they can do while their countries are flooded with sandniggers.

t. 97% homogeneous country

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Ryan Ross
Ryan Ross

test

Jackson Reyes
Jackson Reyes

OP

Totally right :the slavs ARE a Brother race like russian.russians are white.
and hispanics are also high race.that traitors want a Brother war. No Brother wars any more.

Luis Rivera
Luis Rivera

<reassure ourselves that we're superior on every occasion
<all they can do while their countries are flooded with sandniggers

Totally wrong but okay, at least you could act like a moron online again right?

Christian Reyes
Christian Reyes

"shitpost, because that's all they can do while their countries are flooded with sandniggers."

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Carter Wright
Carter Wright

4

Joseph Murphy
Joseph Murphy

once upon a year idiots are going out in the streets and block the traffic
muh we fight back!

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Jackson Nguyen
Jackson Nguyen

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Jonathan Howard
Jonathan Howard

Filtered for being an IP hopping shill who can't even be bothered to come up with a reasonable argument.

Jack Carter
Jack Carter

Jesus fucking christ.
Imagine spending hours and hours typing walls of text just because you're triggered by someone who doesn't hate slavs.

Mason Cruz
Mason Cruz

Oh christ
h he was kiked for not killing jews
Did you even knew what rhe circumstances were?
He wanted to deport them out of europe not wanting them anywhere near it again, but then again you could be a well poisoning kike.

Hudson Murphy
Hudson Murphy

You know the people in pic related are not real ss officers, but actors or a parody right?
You just ousted your self.

Joshua Torres
Joshua Torres

SLOVAKIA-CROATIA FASCIST EMPIRE WHEN?

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Jordan Wood
Jordan Wood

Doesn't matter, anything that makes natsocs look like retards goes

Mason Mitchell
Mason Mitchell

I agree about slavs being white, but Russia isn't Slavic, it's turkic. The only parts of Russia that are still white are Ukraine and Belarus.

Christopher Cruz
Christopher Cruz

So basically cherry picking and lying?
Alright then don't get surprised when you get btfo on that specific subject and embarrassing your self.

Chase Powell
Chase Powell

Depends on the region of Russia. Those who live in the west are slavic, but the closer you get to Moscow and beyond the more of uraloids and asians you will see

Austin Lewis
Austin Lewis

They are losing that. Putin is just pulling a Stalin, that is all. He'd send his forces against another NatSoc army and would suddenly be financially supported by Trump and New York.

Jews aren't Whites and don't even consider themselves Whites
Remember that it is the Jews who undermine our cultures and who have organized the mass immigration in all our countries.
"Friendly" Jews will rapidly abandon any support of gentiles when comes the time to stand for Israel.
Show them you don't give a shit about Israel and want Jews out.
See them kvetching and calling the police.

This is a bot post btw. The same exact crap was published weeks ago in another random d&c thread.

1st pics isn't even showing Whites you piece of shit.
If Slavs are horrible, care to explain Kristina Pimenova? Anastasia Knyazeva?
Btw, this is not a call for pedophiles to fap about these people, we're talking about beauty here, things Jews can't hope to reach without stealing White DNA.

Charles Price
Charles Price

Niggers and Kikes are one and the same
BUMP

Adam Reyes
Adam Reyes

tfw Pole
Fascist
this thread
fuck you amerimutts, implying youre any more aryan than me, I might as well become a fucking kike