Also interesting to note that jews weren't actually an ethnic group until after 200ad. They proselytized constantly but were chased out by Christians. Their diaspora is a result of them finding converts and is also why their DNA can only be measured in relation to other jews.
If true, that substantially changes the character of the conflict.
I was ready to dismiss the idea when reading this article:
Which, at first glance, corroborates the jewish story that they really are descended from a singular priestly class.
Then I read the entire page.
1.) They named the genetic marker to fit with their mythology rather than basing it on a specific finding of verified Hebrews of that era.
2.) It's FAR from exclusive to jews, instead being present in many semitic populations in the area. This backs up the mondediplo article you posted showing that jews only became an ethnic group post Biblical era.
3.) Any remaining assumptions that could support the flagging ancient unified jew theory are tainted by lack of records from Roman sources confirming an expulsion. Rome did not uproot any groups of people in the eastern half of their empire.
For those just tuning in, here's the TL;DR:
Judaism didn't start as an ethnic religion, only gaining an ethnic character as jews retreated into smaller communities. Their ethnic character comes from generations of race mixing and inbreeding. They are basically LARPing.
STOP TAKING THEM AT THEIR WORD
They're always going to take credit for whatever they can. They're clearly spiritual descendants of the Pharisees but have less ethnic claim to Palestine than the average Western European has to Egypt.
For a more scientific take on the Jewish origin debate, recent DNA analysis of Ashkenazic Jews – a Jewish ethnic group – revealed that their maternal line is European. It has also been found that their DNA only has 3% ancient ancestry which links them with the Eastern Mediterranean (also known as the Middle East) – namely Israel, Lebanon, parts of Syria, and western Jordan. This is the part of the world Jewish people are said to have originally come from – according to the Old Testament. But 3% is a minuscule amount, and similar to what modern Europeans as a whole share with Neanderthals. So given that the genetic ancestry link is so low, Ashkenazic Jews’ most recent ancestors must be from elsewhere.
So at least some of jewish DNA comes from the Middle East, slam dunk, right?
The tolerance of the Persians encouraged the Jews to adopt Persian names, words, traditions, and religious practices, and climb up the social ladder gaining a monopoly on trade. They also converted other people who were living along the Black Sea, to their Jewish faith. This helped to expand their global network.
Among these converts were the Alans (Iranian nomadic pastoral people), Greeks, and Slavs who resided along the southern shores of the Black Sea. Upon conversion, they translated the Old Testament into Greek, built synagogues, and continued expanding the Jewish trade network.
Oops! If jews were only jews by blood, none of their actions in the ancient era would make any sense at all. Of course there would be some genetic mingling but the 3% mentioned is not evenly shared among them all. This study did not take where they were into account.
The Middle East is a big place. They had a connected trading empire that funneled goods and slaves to and from the eastern Mediterranean. Said trading network was demolished by pagan Romans and later Christian Slavs/Greeks/Franks. They are a shadow empire.
A mercantile "religion" that operates as a international business venture/cult would look a lot like a conspiracy, one that repeats the same exact process whenever they are allowed to grow. They're certainly an ethnic group, but they aren't ancient by any stretch of the imagination. Only some very advanced Pilpul could convince anyone otherwise.
REFRAMING THE DEBATE
The problem inherent to this religious "debate" that keeps popping up on Zig Forums revolves around the faulty assumption that jews are actually telling us the truth about their origins.
I fell for it too.
Stop looking at the church as some kind of ancient (and really poorly constructed) conspiracy and start viewing it as yet another subverted cultural institution. Look for ways to end the subversion.
Unkiking Christianity is the same process as unkiking literally every other European institution and the attrition tactics of either side of this debate are self-destructive. This retarded infighting and endless phrase repetition is exactly the result they wanted.