Palestinian rights groups call non-binding resolution 'misguided' and 'very troubling'.
Representatives Ilhan Omar of Minnesota, left, and Rashida Tlaib of Michigan, both freshman Democrats and the first two Muslim women in Congress, have been the House’s most vocal backers of the boycott Israel movement.
The United States House of Representatives approved a resolution on Tuesday condemning the Global Boycott Divestment and Sanctions Movement (BDS), in a move Palestinian rights groups called "misguided".
The House resolution, a non-binding expression of congressional sentiment, won bipartisan support with a 398-17 vote.
Supporters of the bill argued the BDS movement is harmful because it seeks to delegitimise Israel and is incompatible with support for a two-state solution.
But opponents say that even though the resolution is non-binding, "it still very troubling".
"They are misguided with this resolution. Americans have a right to protest," said Abed Ayoub, the national policy director for the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee.
"BDS itself is working to end the oppression of Palestinians and what Israel does to allow that to happen. It is pushing for Israel to comply with international law. So there is nothing wrong with the BDS movement," Ayoub told Al Jazeera. "The issue here is the aggressions and the policies put forward by Israel and how we are turning a blind eye on those as a nation. There should be resolutions against the occupation, against the checkpoints and other human rights violations Israel is perpetrating on Palestinians."
The BDS movement was launched in 2005 by Palestinians to generate international pressure on Israel to respect Palestinian human rights. Supporters say the effort draws from the anti-apartheid campaign in South Africa in the 1980s and the earlier African American Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 60s.
But by selecting Israel for criticism and blaming it for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, advocates of the anti-BDS resolution claimed the movement is anti-Semitic and should be rejected.
"BDS's mission is to delegitimise Israel regardless of its policies and to undercut and deny the Jewish people the opportunity for self-determination," said Democratic Representative Jerrold Nadler.
The House bill acknowledges the First Amendment rights of BDS supporters to express their views through boycotts even as it seeks to condemn the movement.
Republicans urged Democrats to pass legislation already approved by the Senate that would "put some teeth" into the resolution by allowing state and local governments to punish BDS supporters - individuals and companies - by cancelling business contracts.
But House Democrats have voiced concerns that the Senate bill goes too far under the US Constitution by authorising the government to penalise free speech otherwise guaranteed by the First Amendment. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has not allowed the Senate bill to come to a vote.